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Wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer: a report on Euromech 50

  • J. C. R. Hunt (a1) and H. Fernholz (a2)


The 50th Euromech Colloquium, on wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer, was held in Berlin from 23–25 September 1974. Thirty-eight participants from eleven countries were present. Papers were presented describing and analysing different methods of simulation of neutral, stable and unstable atmospheric conditions in various types of wind tunnel. Numerous applications of wind-tunnel simulations were described or mentioned in the papers and the discussion sessions. Some conclusions about the validity, the techniques, the limitations and future developments of wind-tunnel simulations were reached in discussion. Tables are presented in appendix A listing the institutes in Europe and the U.S.A. of actual or invited participants where wind tunnels are used for simulation work; also listed are the characteristics of the wind tunnels and relevant measurements of the simulated atmospheric boundary layers, to enable comparisons to be made between different techniques.



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Berhault, J. P. A. & Davies, P. O. A. L. 1974 Wind noise in buildings. Symp. on Full Scale Measurements of Wind Effects on Tall Buildings, University of Western Ontario.
Bonmarin, P.Exposé sur la grande soufflerie de simulation des interactions océan/atmosphère de l'IMST.
Bouquet, R. Simulation en soufflerie de l'évolution thermoconvective de gaz polluantdans l'environment d'une cheminée cylindrique.
Bradbury, L. J. S. & Castro, I. P. 1971 A pulsed-wire technique for velocity measurements in highly turbulent flows. J. Fluid Mech. 49, 657.
Bray, C. G. A family of wind-tunnel simulations.
Busch, N. & Panofsky, H. 1968 Recent spectra of atmospheric turbulence. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 94, 132.
Cermak, J. E. 1971 Laboratory simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer. A.I.A.A. J. 9, 1746.
Cermak, J. E. 1975 Applications of fluid mechanics to wind engineering - a Freeman scholar lecture. J. Fluid Engng, A.S.M.E. 97, 9.
Cermak, J. E. Physical modelling of the atmospheric boundary layer in wind tunnels.
Christensen, O. Dynamic wind loading: a full-scale experiment.
Cook, N. 1973 On simulating the lower third of the urban adiabatic boundary layer in a wind tunnel. Atmos. Environ. 7, 691.
Counihan, J. 1969 An improved method of simulating an atmospheric boundary layer in a wind tunnel. Atmos. Environ. 3, 197.
Counihan, J. 1973 Simulation of an adiabatic urban boundary layer in a wind tunnel. Atmos. Environ. 7, 673.
Counihan, J. 1974 Structure and simulation of adiabatic atmospheric boundary layers. Ph.D. dissertation, City University. (To appear in. Atmos. Environ. 9.)
Debler, W. Wind-tunnel measurements of turbulence decay in a stratified fluid.
Dye, R. C. F. Investigation of profile simulation in short lengths by its effect on model results.
Elder, J. W. 1959 Steady flow through non-uniform gauzes of arbitrary shape. J. Fluid Mech. 5, 355.
Frossling, N. & Karlsson, R. Measurement of the wall shear stress in simulated boundary layers.
Gandemer, J. Wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer at C.S.T.B.
Hunt, J. C. R. 1975 The effect of boundary conditions on the calculation of turbulent velocities. Southampton Conf. on Coherent Structures in Turbulence, April 1974.
Hunt, J. C. R. A theoretical look at the problem of wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer.
Hunt, J. C. R. & Mulhearn, P. J. 1973 Turbulent dispersion from sources near two-dimensional obstacles. J. Fluid Mech. 51, 245.
Hunt, J. C. R., Poulton, E. C. & Mumford, J. C. 1975 The effects of wind on people; new criteria based on wind tunnel experiments. Submitted t. Building Sci.
Jackson, P. S. & Hunt, J. C. R. 1975 Turbulent wind flow over low hills. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. (to appear).
Laws, E. M. & Livesey, J. L. Some recent work on shaped gauze screen simulation of velocity profiles.
Nagib, H. M., Morkovin, M. V., Yung, J. T. & Tan-Atichat, J. 1974 On modelling of atmospheric surface layers by the counter jet technique. A.I.A.A. 8th. Aerodynamic Testing Conf. July 1974, paper 74–638. (To appear in A.I.A.A. J.)
Nee, V. The simulation of the atmospheric surface layer in the Notre Dame atmospheric wind tunnel.
Nee, V. W., Dietrick, C., Betchov, R. & Szewczyk, A. A. 1973 The simulation of the atmospheric surface layer with volumetric flow control. Proc. Inst. Environ. Sci. pp. 483–487.
Odell, G. M. & Kovasznay, L. S. G. 1971 A new type of water channel with density stratification. J. Fluid Mech. 50, 535.
Ostrowski, J. S. Wind-tunnel study of wind flow control past an industrial plant.
Panofsky, H. A. 1969 The structure of atmospheric shear flows - a review. Agard. Conf. Proc. no. 48.
Plate, E. 1971 Aerodynamic characteristics of atmospheric boundary layers. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Office of Information Services (T.I.D. - 25465).
Plate, E. Review of wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer.
Richards, J. M. 1965 Puff motions in unstratified surroundings. J. Fluid Mech. 21, 97.
Robins, A. 1975 Experimental model techniques for the investigation of the dispersion of chimney plumes. Proc. Inst. Mech. Engrs, 189, 44.
Robins, A. A 1/300 scale simulated atmospheric boundary layer for diffusion studies.
Royles, R. & Das, P. K. Application of a boundary-layer wind tunnel in the determination of the dynamic response of cantilever structures to wind excitation.
Schon, J. 1974 Contribution à l'étude des couches limites turbulentes stratifiées en température. Thèse Doc. des Sci., Université Claude Bernard de Lyon.
Schon, J. Comparison of neutral and unstable stratified boundary layers in a wind tunnel and in the atmosphere.
Schon, J. & Baille, A. 1974 Méthode d'isolement des fluctuations turbulentes cinématiques et thermiques au moyen d'une sonde anémométrique à trois fils. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 274, 116.
Schon, J. P. & Mery, P. 1971 A preliminary study of the simulation of neutral atmospheric boundary layer using air injection in a wind tunnel. Atmos. Environ. 5, 299.
Scorer, R. S. Problems of atmospheric stratification.
Simpson, J. E. 1969 A comparison between laboratory and atmospheric density currents. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 95, 758.
Snyder, W. H. 1973 Similarity criteria for the application of fluid models to the study of air pollution meteorology. Boundary Layer Met. 3, 113.
Sundaram, J. R., Ludwig, G. R. & Skinner, G. T. 1972 Modelling of the turbulence structure of the atmospheric surface layer. A.I.A.A. J. 10, 743.
Townsend, A. A. 1975 The Structure of Turbulent Shear Flow, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press.
Tunstall, M. J. 1974 Some measurements of the wind load on Fawley Generating Station Chimney. Proc. Symp. on Full Scale Fluid Dyn. Meas. Engng Dept., University of Leicester.
Willmarth, W. W. & Yang, C. S. 1970 Wall pressure fluctuations beneath turbulent boundary layers on a flat plate and a cylinder. J. Fluid Mech. 41, 47.
Wills, J. A. B. A method of atmospheric boundary layer simulation.
Wise, A. F. E. 1971 Effects due to groups of buildings. Phil. Trans. A 269, 469.
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Wind-tunnel simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer: a report on Euromech 50

  • J. C. R. Hunt (a1) and H. Fernholz (a2)


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