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Turbulent transport in the core of a trailing half-delta-wing vortex

  • P. N. SHAH (a1), P. ATSAVAPRANEE (a1), T. Y. HSU (a1), T. WEI (a1) and J. McHUGH (a2)...

Abstract

The development of a turbulent streamwise vortex core in the wake of a half delta wing has been examined using high-resolution DPIV. The objective of this work was to gain understanding of the transport processes at work a short distance downstream of the wing trailing edge as the wake vortex developed. Experiments were conducted in the Rutgers Free Surface Water Tunnel using an in-house DPIV system. A turbulent streamwise vortex was generated by a half delta wing, with 44 cm chord length and 60° sweep angle, mounted at 30° angle of attack. Reynolds number based on chord length was 65 000. Laser sheets oriented perpendicular to the flow direction were positioned 1, 3.5, and 7 chord lengths downstream of the wing trailing edge. Instantaneous vortex centres were identified in order to track vortex meandering as well as for better quantification of turbulence levels in the vortex core. Mean and fluctuating turbulence terms in the mean streamwise vorticity transport equation along with turbulent kinetic energy dissipation and production were evaluated relative to an inertial reference frame as well as relative to a vortex-centred frame. The results of this analysis highlight the importance of this near-wake region to the downstream evolution of the trailing vortices. There is a high degree of dissipation as well as streamwise vorticity convection in the very near wake which decreases rapidly with increasing distance from the trailing edge.

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Turbulent transport in the core of a trailing half-delta-wing vortex

  • P. N. SHAH (a1), P. ATSAVAPRANEE (a1), T. Y. HSU (a1), T. WEI (a1) and J. McHUGH (a2)...

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