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The return to isotropy of homogeneous turbulence

  • KWING-SO CHOI (a1) and JOHN L. LUMLEY (a2)

Abstract

Three types of homogeneous anisotropic turbulence were produced by the plane distortion, axisymmetric expansion and axisymmetric contraction of grid-generated turbulence, and their behaviour in returning to isotropy was experimentally studied using hot-wire anemometry. It was found that the turbulence trajectory after the plane distortion was highly nonlinear, and did not follow Rotta's linear model in returning to isotropy. The turbulence wanted to become axisymmetric even more than it wanted to return to isotropy. In order to show the rate of return to isotropy of homogeneous turbulence, a map of the ratio of the characteristic time scale for the decay of turbulent kinetic energy to that of the return to isotropy was constructed. This demonstrated that the rate of return to isotropy was much lower for turbulence with a greater third invariant of the anisotropy tensor. The invariant technique was then applied to the experimental results to develop a new turbulence model for the return-to-isotropy term in the Reynolds stress equation which satisfied the realizability conditions. The effect of the Reynolds number on the rate of return to isotropy was also investigated and the results incorporated in the proposed model.

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The return to isotropy of homogeneous turbulence

  • KWING-SO CHOI (a1) and JOHN L. LUMLEY (a2)

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