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On the noise sources of the unsuppressed high-speed jet

  • K. A. Bishop (a1), J. E. Ffowcs Williams (a1) and W. Smith (a1)

Abstract

The paper describes an interpretation of jet-noise theory and scale-model experiments to highlight physical properties of jet-noise sources at very high speed. The study is prompted by current efforts to suppress the noise of supersonic transport aircraft.

The principal noise sources are shown to be very large-scale wave-like undulations of the jet flow that travel downstream at supersonic speed for a distance of several jet diameters. These motions are relatively well ordered and are probably more akin to recognizable instabilities of a laminar flow than the confused small-scale turbulence. Because of this we postulate a model of the noise generating motions as the instability products of a jet flow of low equivalent Reynolds number. This Reynolds number is based on an eddy viscosity and can be further reduced by artificially increasing the small-scale turbulence level. This step would tend to stabilize the flow and inhibit the formation of large-scale noise producing eddies.

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References

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On the noise sources of the unsuppressed high-speed jet

  • K. A. Bishop (a1), J. E. Ffowcs Williams (a1) and W. Smith (a1)

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