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A numerical investigation of acceleration-skewed oscillatory flows

  • Pietro Scandura (a1), Carla Faraci (a2) and Enrico Foti (a1)


Numerical simulations of wall-bounded acceleration-skewed oscillatory flows are here presented. The relevance of this type of boundary layer arises in connection with coastal hydrodynamics and sediment transport, as it is generated at the bottom of sea waves in shallow water. Because of the acceleration skewness, the bed shear stress during the onshore half-cycle is larger than in the offshore half-cycle. The asymmetry in the bed shear stress increases with increasing acceleration skewness, while an increase of the Reynolds number from the laminar regime causes the asymmetry first to decrease and then increase. Low- and high-speed streaks of fluid elongated in the streamwise direction emerge near the wall, shortly after the beginning of each half-cycle, at a phase that depends on the flow parameters. Such flow structures strengthen during the first part of the accelerating phase, without causing a significant deviation of the streamwise wall shear stress from the laminar values. Before the occurrence of the peak of the free stream velocity, the low-speed streaks break down into small turbulent structures causing a large increase in wall shear stress. The ratio of the root-mean-square (r.m.s.) of the fluctuations to the mean value (relative intensity) of the wall shear stress is approximately 0.4 throughout a relatively wide interval of the flow cycle that begins when breaking down of the streaks has occurred in the entire fluid domain. The acceleration skewness and the Reynolds number determine the phase at which this time interval begins. Both the skewness and the flatness coefficients of the streamwise wall shear stress are large when elongated streaks are present, while values of approximately 1.1 and 5.4 respectively occur just after breaking has occurred. The trend of both the relative intensity and the flatness of the spanwise wall shear stress are qualitatively similar to those of the wall shear in the streamwise direction. As a result of the acceleration skewness, the period-averaged Reynolds stress does not vanish. Consequently, an offshore directed steady streaming is generated which persists into the irrotational region.


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A numerical investigation of acceleration-skewed oscillatory flows

  • Pietro Scandura (a1), Carla Faraci (a2) and Enrico Foti (a1)


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