Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The nonlinear capillary instability of a liquid jet. Part 1. Theory

  • K. C. Chaudhary (a1) and L. G. Redekopp (a2)

Abstract

Nonlinear capillary instability of an axisymmetric infinite liquid column is investigated with an initial velocity disturbance consisting of a fundamental and one harmonic component. A third-order solution is developed using the method of strained co-ordinates. For the fundamental disturbance alone, the solution shows that a cut-off zone of wavenumbers (k) exists such that the surface waves grow exponentially below the cut-off zone, linearly in the middle of the zone (near k = 1), and an oscillatory solution exists for wavenumbers above the boundary of the zone. For an input including both the fundamental and a harmonic, all wave components grow exponentially when the fundamental is below the cut-off zone. Using a Galilean transformation, the solution is applied to a progressive jet issuing from a nozzle. The jet breaks into drops interspersed with smaller (satellite) drops for k < 0·65; no satellites exist for k > 0·65. It is shown theoretically that the formation of satellites can be controlled by forcing the jet with a suitable harmonic added to the fundamental.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Chaudhary, K. C. 1977 Ph.D. thesis, University of Southern California.
Donnelly, R. J. & Glaberson, W. 1966 Proc. Roy. Soc. A 290, 547.
Goedde, E. F. & Yuen, M. C. 1970 J. Fluid Mech. 40, 495.
Lafrance, P. 1975 Phys. Fluids 18, 428.
Nayfeh, A. H. 1970 Phys. Fluids 13, 841.
Rayleigh, Lord 1945 The Theory of Sound. 2nd edn., vol. II, cha. xx. Dover.
Rutland, D. F. & Jameson, G. J. 1971 J. Fluid Mech 46, 267.
Yuen, M. C. 1968 J. Fluid Mech. 33 151.
MathJax
MathJax is a JavaScript display engine for mathematics. For more information see http://www.mathjax.org.

The nonlinear capillary instability of a liquid jet. Part 1. Theory

  • K. C. Chaudhary (a1) and L. G. Redekopp (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.