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The interaction of a shock wave with a laminar boundary layer at a compression corner in high-enthalpy flows including real gas effects

  • S. G. MALLINSON (a1), S. L. GAI (a1) and N. R. MUDFORD (a1)

Abstract

The high-enthalpy, hypersonic flow over a compression corner has been examined experimentally and theoretically. Surface static pressure and heat transfer distributions, along with some flow visualization data, were obtained in a free-piston shock tunnel operating at enthalpies ranging from 3 MJ kg−1 to 19 MJ kg−1, with the Mach number varying from 7.5 to 9.0 and the Reynolds number based on upstream fetch from 2.7×104 to 2.7×105. The flow was laminar throughout. The experimental data compared well with theories valid for perfect gas flow and with other relevant low-to-moderate enthalpy data, suggesting that for the current experimental conditions, the real gas effects on shock wave/boundary layer interaction are negligible. The flat-plate similarity theory has been extended to include equilibrium real gas effects. While this theory is not applicable to the current experimental conditions, it has been employed here to determine the potential maximum effect of real gas behaviour. For the flat plate, only small differences between perfect gas and equilibrium gas flows are predicted, consistent with experimental observations. For the compression corner, a more rapid rise to the maximum pressure and heat transfer on the ramp face is predicted in the real gas flows, with the pressure lying slightly below, and the heat transfer slightly above, the perfect gas prediction. The increase in peak heat transfer is attributed to the reduction in boundary layer displacement thickness due to real gas effects.

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Present address: Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BY, UK.
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The interaction of a shock wave with a laminar boundary layer at a compression corner in high-enthalpy flows including real gas effects

  • S. G. MALLINSON (a1), S. L. GAI (a1) and N. R. MUDFORD (a1)

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