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Experimental investigation of freely falling thin disks. Part 1. The flow structures and Reynolds number effects on the zigzag motion

  • Hongjie Zhong (a1) (a2), Cunbiao Lee (a1), Zhuang Su (a1), Shiyi Chen (a1), Mingde Zhou (a1) and Jiezhi Wu (a1)...

Abstract

This paper describes an experimental investigation of the dynamics of a freely falling thin circular disk in still water. The flow patterns of the disk zigzag motion are studied using dye visualization and particle image velocimetry. Time-resolved disk motions with six degrees of freedom are obtained with a stereoscopic vision method. The flow separation and vortex shedding are found to change with the Reynolds number, $\mathit{Re}$ . At high Reynolds numbers a new dipole vortex is shed that is significantly different from Kármán-type vortices. The vortical structures are mainly composed of leading-edge vortices, a counter-rotating vortex pair and secondary trailing-edge vortices. The amplitude of the horizontal oscillation is also dependent on the Reynolds number with a critical Reynolds number ${\mathit{Re}}_{cr} \approx 2000$ , where the oscillatory amplitude is proportional to $\mathit{Re}$ for $\mathit{Re}\lt {\mathit{Re}}_{cr} $ , but becomes invariant for $\mathit{Re}\gt {\mathit{Re}}_{cr} $ . Three-dimensional dipolar vortices were also observed experimentally.

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Email address for correspondence: hj.zhong@139.com

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