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An experimental study of a three-dimensional pressure-driven turbulent boundary layer

  • Semİh M. Ölçmen (a1) and Roger L. Simpson (a1)

Abstract

A three-dimensional, pressure-driven turbulent boundary layer created by an idealized wing–body junction flow was studied experimentally. The data presented include time-mean static pressure and directly measured skin-friction magnitude on the wall. The mean velocity and all Reynolds stresses from a three-velocity-component fibre-optic laser-Doppler anemometer are presented at several stations along a line determined by the mean velocity vector component parallel to the wall in the layer where the $\overline{u^2}$ kinematic normal stress is maximum (normal-stress coordinate system). This line was selected by intuitively reasoning that overlap of the near-wall flow and outer-region flow occurs at the location where $\overline{u^2}$ is maximum. Along this line the flow is subjected to a strong crossflow pressure gradient, which changes sign for the downstream stations. The shear-stress vector direction in the flow lags behind the flow gradient vector direction. The flow studied here differs from many other experimentally examined three-dimensional flows in that the mean flow variables depend on three spatial axes rather than two axes, such as flows in which the three-dimensionality of the flow has been generated either by a rotating cylinder or by a pressure gradient in one direction only throughout the flow.

The data show that the eddy viscosity of the flow is not isotropic. These and other selected data sets show that the ratio of spanwise to streamwise eddy viscosities in the wall-shear-stress coordinate system is less scattered and more constant (about 0.6) than in the local free-stream coordinate system or the normal stress coordinate system. For y+ > 50 and y/δ < 0.8, the ratio of the magnitude of the kinematic shear stress |τ/ρ| to the kinematic normal stress $\overline{v^2}$ is approximately a constant for three-dimensional flow stations of both shear-driven and pressure-driven three-dimensional flows. In the same region, the ratio of the kinematic shear stresses $-\overline{vw}/-\overline{uw}$ appears to be a function of y+ in wall-stress coordinates for three-dimensional pressure-driven flows.

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An experimental study of a three-dimensional pressure-driven turbulent boundary layer

  • Semİh M. Ölçmen (a1) and Roger L. Simpson (a1)

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