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Experimental investigation of freely falling thin disks. Part 1. The flow structures and Reynolds number effects on the zigzag motion

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 January 2013

Hongjie Zhong
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China Aero Science Key Lab of High Reynolds Aerodynamics Force at High Speed, AVIC Aerodynamics Research Institute, Shenyang, 110034, China
Cunbiao Lee
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
Zhuang Su
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
Shiyi Chen
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
Mingde Zhou
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
Jiezhi Wu
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex System, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

This paper describes an experimental investigation of the dynamics of a freely falling thin circular disk in still water. The flow patterns of the disk zigzag motion are studied using dye visualization and particle image velocimetry. Time-resolved disk motions with six degrees of freedom are obtained with a stereoscopic vision method. The flow separation and vortex shedding are found to change with the Reynolds number, $\mathit{Re}$ . At high Reynolds numbers a new dipole vortex is shed that is significantly different from Kármán-type vortices. The vortical structures are mainly composed of leading-edge vortices, a counter-rotating vortex pair and secondary trailing-edge vortices. The amplitude of the horizontal oscillation is also dependent on the Reynolds number with a critical Reynolds number ${\mathit{Re}}_{cr} \approx 2000$ , where the oscillatory amplitude is proportional to $\mathit{Re}$ for $\mathit{Re}\lt {\mathit{Re}}_{cr} $ , but becomes invariant for $\mathit{Re}\gt {\mathit{Re}}_{cr} $ . Three-dimensional dipolar vortices were also observed experimentally.

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Papers
Copyright
©2013 Cambridge University Press

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