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Coalescence dynamics of a compound drop on a deep liquid pool

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2019

Hiranya Deka
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039, Assam, India
Gautam Biswas
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039, Assam, India
Kirti Chandra Sahu
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Sangareddy 502 285, Telangana, India
Yash Kulkarni
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039, Assam, India
Amaresh Dalal
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781 039, Assam, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The partial coalescence dynamics of a compound drop in a liquid pool is numerically investigated. We study the effect of the ratio of the inner to outer radii $(R_{r})$ of the compound drop while maintaining a constant liquid volume in the outer shell of the compound droplet. It is observed that for small values of the radius ratio, the coalescence dynamics is similar to that of a ‘simple’ drop, but the partial coalescence is suppressed for large values of $R_{r}$ . Increasing the value of $R_{r}$ decreases the distance migrated by the inner bubble in the downward direction inside the pool. The location of the bubble after coalescence is found to play an important role in the pinch-off process of the satellite drop. The influence of the governing dimensionless parameters on the coalescence dynamics has also been investigated.

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JFM Rapids
Copyright
© 2019 Cambridge University Press 

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