Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Section G. General. Nitrogen metabolism and the rumen

  • R. H. Smith (a1)

Extract

The fact that rumen micro-organisms have a modifying effect on the utilization of food nitrogen by ruminants has been recognized for very many years (references to early work are given in Hungate, 1966) but until about 1947, when this subject was reviewed by McNaught & Smith (1947), many of the processes involved were not well understood. Since that time a large amount of work has been done in this field and more recent reviews (Chalmers & Synge, 1954; Blackburn, 1965; Hungate, 1966; Waldo, 1968) present a much clearer picture. Most of the work covered by these authors will be mentioned only briefly in the present review and attention will be directed mainly to developments reported in the last few years. Few references to work published before about 1964 will be given as they may readily be found in later publications.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abdel Rahman, S. & Decker, P. (1966). Nature, Lond. 209, 618.
Abou Akkada, A. R. & el-Shazly, K. (1964). Appl. Microbiol. 12, 384.
Abou Akkada, A. R. & el-Shazly, K. (1965). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 64, 251.
Acord, C. R., Mitchell, G. E. & Little, C. O. (1968). J. Dairy Sci. 51, 1249.
Acord, C. R., Mitchell, G. E., Little, C. O. & Karr, M. R. (1966). J. Dairy Sci. 49, 1519.
Aliev, A. A. (1967). Zhivotnovodstvo no. 1, p. 87.
(Abstract in Nutr. Abstr. Rev. (1967), 37, 797.)
Aliev, A. A. & Košarov, A. N. (1967). Dokl. vses. Akad. sel'.-khoz. Nauk no. 4, p. 36.
(Abstract in Nutr. Abstr. Rev. (1968), 38, 1200.)
Beever, D. E., Thomson, D. J., Pfeffer, E. & Armstrong, D. G. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 28, 26A.
Bergen, W. G., Purser, D. B. & Cline, J. H. (1967). J. Nutr. 92, 357.
Bergen, W. G., Purser, D. B. & Cline, J. H. (1968a). J. Dairy Sci. 51, 1698.
Bergen, W. G., Purser, D. B. & Cline, J. H. (1968b). J. Anim. Sci. 27, 1497.
Bigwood, E. J. (1964). In The Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Protein Metabolism, p. 155 (ed. N Munro, H.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Blackburn, T. H. (1965). In Physiology of Digestion in the Ruminant, p. 322 (ed. Dougherty, R. W.). Washington: Butterworths.
Blackburn, T. H. & Hobson, P. N. (1960). J. gen. Microbiol. 22, 290.
Blaxter, K. L. (1961). In Digestive Physiology and Nutrition of the Ruminant, p. 183 (ed. Lewis, D.). London: Butterworths.
Blaxter, K. L. (1964). In The Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract in Protein Metabolism, p. 143 (ed. Munro, H. N.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Blaxter, K. L. & Martin, A. K. (1962). Br. J. Nutr. 16, 397.
Brawerman, G., Pogo, A. O. & Chargaff, E. (1962). Biochim. biophys. Acta 55, 326.
Briggs, M. H. (Ed.) (1967). Urea as a Protein Supplement. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Broster, W. H. (1966). Rep. natn. Inst. Res. Dairy, p. 54.
Buraczewski, S., Buraczewska, L. & Ford, J. E. (1967). Acta biochim. pol. 14, 121.
Caffrey, P. J., Hatfield, E. E., Norton, H. W. & Garrigus, U. S. (1967). J. Anim. Sci. 26, 595.
Cama, H. R. & Morton, R. A. (1950). Br. J. Nutr. 4, 297.
Chalmers, M. I., Cuthbertson, D. P. & Synge, R. L. M. (1954). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 44, 254.
Chalmers, M. I., Davidson, J., Eadie, J. M. & Gill, J. C. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 29 A.
Chalmers, M. I. & Hughes, A. D. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 28, 34A.
Chalmers, M. I., Jayasinghe, J. B. & Marshall, S. B. M. (1964). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 63, 283.
Chalmers, M. I. & Synge, R. L. M. (1954). Adv. Protein Chem. 9, 93.
Chand, D., Varma, S. D. & Kushwaha, R. P. S. (1968). J. Dairy Sci. 51, 1420.
Christian, K. R. & Williams, V. J. (1966). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 66, 285.
Christiansen, W. C., Kawashima, R. & Burroughs, W. (1965). J. Anim. Sci. 24, 730.
Clarke, E. M. W., Ellinger, G. M. & Phillipson, A. T. (1966). Proc. R. Soc. B 166, 63.
Clifford, A. J. & Tillman, A. D. (1968). J. Anim. Sci. 27, 484.
Coleman, G. S. (1967a). J. gen. Microbiol. 47, 433.
Coleman, G. S. (1967b). J. gen. Microbiol. 47, 449.
Coleman, G. S. (1968). J. gen. Microbiol. 54, 83.
Conrad, H. R., Miles, R. C. & Butdorf, J. (1967). J. Nutr. 91, 337.
Cook, R. M., Brown, R. E. & Davis, C. L. (1965). J. Dairy Sci. 48, 475.
Davidson, J. N. (1965). The Biochemistry of the Nucleic Acids, 5th ed. p. 340. London: Methuen.
Davis, G. V. & Stallcup, O. T. (1967). J. Dairy Sci. 50, 1638.
Deif, H. I., el-Shazly, K. & Abou Akkada, A. R. (1968). Br. J. Nutr. 22, 451.
Demaux, G., Le Bars, H., Mollé, J., Rérat, A. & Simonnet, H. (1961). Bull. Acad. vét. Fr. 34, 85.
Devlin, T. J. (1966). Diss. Abstr. (B) 27, 942B.
Duncan, C. W., Agrawala, I. P., Huffman, C. F. & Luecke, R. W. (1953). J. Nutr. 49, 41.
Eadie, J. M. & Hobson, P. N. (1962). Nature, Lond. 193, 503.
Egan, A. R. (1965). Aust. J. agric. Res. 16, 169.
Egan, A. R. & Moir, R. J. (1965). Aust. J. agric. Res. 16, 437.
Ellis, W. C. & Pfander, W. H. (1965). Nature, Lond. 205, 974.
El-Shazly, K. & Hungate, R. E. (1966). Appl. Microbiol. 14, 27.
Ely, D. G., Little, C. O., Woolfolk, P. G. & Mitchell, G. E. (1967). J. Nutr. 91, 314.
Ferguson, K. A., Hemsley, J. A. & Reis, P. J. (1967). Aust. J. Sci. 30, 215.
Ferguson, W. S. & Terry, R. A. (1954). J. Sci. Fd Agric. 5, 515.
Freitag, R. R., Smith, W. H. & Beeson, W. M. (1968). J. Anim. Sci. 27, 478.
Frost, D. V. & Sandy, H. R. (1951). J. biol. Chem. 189, 249.
Gans, J. H. (1966). Am. J. vet. Res. 27, 1279.
Gaussères, B. & Fauconneau, G. (1965). Annls Biol. anim. Biochim. Biophys. 5, 5.
Giesecke, D., Lawlor, M. J. & Walser-Kärst, K. (1966). Br. J. Nutr. 20, 383.
Gossett, W. H., Perry, T. W., Mohler, M. T., Plumlee, M. P. & Beeson, W. M. (1962). J. Anim. Sci. 21, 248.
Gutowski, B., Barej, W. & Kulasek, G. (1966). Rocz. Nauk rol. (B) 88, 359.
(Abstract in Nutr. Abstr. Rev. (1967), 37, 1101.)
Hale, W. H., Sherman, W. C., Reynolds, W. M. & Appel, P. P. (1959). J. Anim. Sci. 18, 1522.
Halfpenny, A. F. & Rook, J. A. F. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 19A.
Halfpenny, A. F., Smith, G. H. & Rook, J. A. F. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 28, 29 A.
Harbers, L. H., Oltjen, R. R. & Tillman, A. D. (1961). J. Anim. Sci. 20, 880.
Hendriks, H. J., Preston, R. L., Prins, R. A. & van Rheenan, D. L. (1966). Tijdschr. Diergeneesk. 91, 369.
Hogan, J. P. (1961). Aust. J. biol. Sci. 14, 448.
Hogan, J. P. (1964). Aust. J. agric. Res. 15, 397.
Hogan, J. P. (1965). Aust. J. agric. Res. 16, 179.
Hogan, J. P. & Weston, R. H. (1967a). Aust. J. agric. Res. 18, 803.
Hogan, J. P. & Weston, R. H. (1967b). Aust. J. agric. Res. 18, 973.
Holzschuh, W. & Wetterau, H. (1965). Arch. Tierernähr. 15, 429.
Houpt, T. R. (1959). Am. J. Physiol. 197, 115.
Hungate, R. E. (1966). The Rumen and its Microbes. New York: Academic Press.
Ide, Y., Shimbayashi, K. & Yonemura, T. (1967). Jap. J. zootech. Sci. 38, 110.
Jones, G. A., MacLeod, R. A. & Blackwood, A. C. (1964). Can. J. Microbiol. 10, 371.
Juhász, B. (1965). Acta vet. hung. 15, 317.
(Abstract in Nutr. Abstr. Rev. (1966), 36, 94.)
Kidder, G. W. (1967). In Chemical Zoology (gen. eds. Florkin, M. and Scheer, B. T.), Vol. 1, Protozoa, p. 93 (ed. Kidder, G. W.). New York: Academic Press.
Klopfenstein, T. J., Purser, D. B. & Tyznik, W. J. (1966). J. Anim. Sci. 25, 765.
Leibholz, J. (1965). Aust. J. agric. Res. 16, 973.
Leroy, F., Zelter, S. Z. & François, A. C. (1964). C. r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 259, 1592.
Lewis, D. (1955). Br. J. Nutr. 9, 215.
Lewis, D. (1957). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 48, 438.
Lewis, D. (1962). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 58, 73.
Lewis, D. & McDonald, I. W. (1958). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 51, 108.
Lewis, T. R. & Emery, R. S. (1962). J. Dairy Sci. 45, 765.
Wang, Li Chuan, Garcia-Rivera, J. & Burris, R. H. (1961). Biochem. J. 81, 237.
Linzell, J. L. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 44.
Little, C. O. & Mitchell, G. E. (1967). J. Anim. Sci. 26, 411.
Longenecker, J. B. & Hause, N. L. (1959). Archs Biochem. Biophys. 84, 46.
Luther, R., Trenkle, A. & Burroughs, W. (1966). J. Anim. Sci. 25, 1116.
McAllan, A. B. & Smith, R. H. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 47 A.
McAllan, A. B. & Smith, R. H. (1969). Br. J. Nutr. 23 (in the Press).
McCune, R. W. (1967). Diss. Abstr. (B) 27, 3825B.
McDonald, I. W. (1954a). Biochem. J. 56, 120.
McDonald, I. W. (1954b). Biochem. J. 57, 566.
McDonald, I. W. & Hall, R. J. (1957). Biochem. J. 67, 400.
McDonald, P., Edwards, R. A. & Greenhalgh, J. F. D. (1966). Animal Nutrition, p. 306. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd.
McDonald, T. A. (1967). Diss. Abstr. (B) 28, 2210 B.
McLaren, G. A., Anderson, G. C. & Barth, K. M. (1965). J. Anim. Sci. 24, 231.
McLaughlan, J. M. (1964). Can. J. Biochem. 42, 1353.
McLaughlan, J. M., Rao, S. V., Noel, F. J. & Morrison, A. B. (1967). Can. J. Biochem. 45, 31.
McNaught, M. L., Owen, E. C., Henry, K. M. & Kon, S. K. (1954). Biochem. J. 56, 151.
McNaught, M. L. & Smith, J. A. B. (1947). Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 17, 18.
Mandel, M. & Honigberg, B. M. (1964). J. Protozool. 11, 114.
Mangan, J. L. (1968). Institute of Animal Physiology, Babraham, Cambridge. Report for 19661967, p. 70.
Mangan, J. L. & Pryor, J. (1968). Institute of Animal Physiology, Babraham, Cambridge. Report for 19661967, p. 70.
Moore, W. E. C. & King, K. W. (1958). J. Dairy Sci. 41, 1451.
Neumark, H. (1962). Nature, Lond. 195, 626.
Nicholson, J. W. G. & Sutton, J. D. (1969). Br. J. Nutr. 23 (in the Press).
Oltjen, R. R. & Putnam, P. A. (1966). J. Nutr. 89, 385.
Oltjen, R. R., Robbins, J. D. & Davis, R. E. (1964). J. Anim. Sci. 23, 767.
Ørskov, E. R. & Benzie, D. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 28, 30 A.
Pounden, W. D., Ferguson, L. C. & Hibbs, J. W. (1950). J. Dairy Sci. 33, 565.
Preston, R. L., Schnakenberg, D. D. & Pfander, W. H. (1965). J. Nutr. 86, 281.
Price, W. H. (1952). J. gen. Physiol. 35, 741.
Purser, D. B. & Buechler, S. M. (1966). J. Dairy Sci. 49, 81.
Purser, D. B., Klopfenstein, T. J. & Cline, J. H. (1966). J. Nutr. 89, 226.
Purser, D. B. & Moir, R. J. (1966a). J. Anim. Sci. 25, 516.
Purser, D. B. & Moir, R. J. (1966b). J. Anim. Sci. 25, 668.
Radin, I. D. K. (1965). Trudÿ vses. Inst. Fiziol. Biokhim. sel'.-khoz. Zhivotn. 2, 105.
Reis, P. J. (1967). Aust. J. biol. Sci. 20, 809.
Richards, P., Metcalfe-Gibson, A., Ward, E. E., Wrong, O. & Houghton, B. J. (1967). Lancet ii, 845.
Roberts, S. A. & Miller, E. L. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. (in the Press).
Robertson, J. A. & Hawke, J. C. (1965). J. Sci. Fd Agric. 16, 268.
Sanford, J. (1963). Nature, Lond. 199, 829.
Schaadt, H., Johnson, R. R. & McClure, K. E. (1966). J. Anim. Sci. 25, 73.
Schelling, G. T. & Hatfield, E. E. (1968). J. Nutr. 96, 319.
Schelling, G. T., Hinds, F. C. & Hatfield, E. E. (1967). J. Nutr. 92, 339.
Schmidt Nielsen, B. & Osaki, H. (1958). Am. J. Physiol. 193, 657.
Sjaastad, Ø. V. (1967a). Acta vet. scand. 8, 50.
SjaastadØ, V. Ø, V. (1967b). Acta vet. scand. 8, 157.
Smith, R. H., McAllan, A. B. & Hill, W. B. (1968). Proc. Nutr. Soc. 27, 48 A.
Smith, R. H., McAllan, A. B. & Hill, W. B. (1969). Proc. Nutr. Soc. (in the Press).
Stallcup, O. T. & Davis, G. V. (1966). Br. J. Nutr. 20, 163.
Synge, R. L. M. (1953). J. gen. Microbiol. 9, 407.
Tagari, H., Ascarelli, I. & Bondi, A. (1962). Br. J. Nutr. 16, 237.
Tagari, H., Henis, Y., Tamir, M. & Volcani, R. (1965).Appl. Microbiol. 13, 437.
Tannenbaum, S. R. & Miller, S. A. (1967). Nature, Lond. 214, 1261.
Temler-Kucharski, A. & Gaussères, B. (1965). Annls Biol. anim. Biochim. Biophys. 5, 207.
Topps, J. H. & Elliott, R. C. (1965). Nature, Lond. 205, 498.
Ulbrich, M. & Scholz, H. (1966). Arch. Tierernähr. 16, 325.
van der Horst, C. J. G. (1965). Tijdschr. Diergeneesk. 90, 361.
Vaz Portugal, A. (1963). Ph.D. Thesis: University of Aberdeen.
Vaz Portugal, A. & Sutherland, T. M. (1966). Nature, Lond. 209, 510.
Virtanen, A. I. (1967). Ned. Melk- en Zuiveltijdschr. 21, 223.
Waldo, D. R. (1968). J. Dairy Sci. 51, 265.
Walker, D. J. & Nader, C. J. (1968). Appl. Microbiol. 16, 1124.
Weller, R. A. (1957). Aust. J. biol. Sci. 10, 384.
Weller, R. A., Pilgrim, A. F. & Gray, F. V. (1962). Br. J. Nutr. 16, 83.
Weston, R. H. & Hogan, J. P. (1967). Aust. J. biol. Sci. 20, 967.
Whitelaw, F. G., Preston, T. R. & Dawson, G. S. (1961). Anim. Prod. 3, 127.
Williams, V. J. & Christian, K. R. (1966). J. agric. Sci., Camb. 67, 59.
Wortham, J. S., Wilson, B. B., Knight, W. M., Holland, B. F. & Scheirer, D. E. (1968). J. Anim. Sci. 27, 1180.
Wright, D. E. & Hungate, R. E. (1967a). Appl. Microbiol. 15, 148.
Wright, D. E. & Hungate, R. E. (1967b). Appl. Microbiol. 15, 152.
Wrong, O. (1967). Med. J. Aust. 2, 281.

Section G. General. Nitrogen metabolism and the rumen

  • R. H. Smith (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed