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Influence of selected factors on browning of Camembert cheese

  • ALEXANDRA CARREIRA (a1), KLAUS DILLINGER (a2), FRIEDA ELISKASES-LECHNER (a2), VIRGÍLIO LOUREIRO (a1), WOLFGANG GINZINGER (a2) and HARALD ROHM (a3)...

Abstract

Experimental Camembert cheeses were made to investigate the effects on browning of the following factors: inoculation with Yarrowia lipolytica, the use of Penicillium candidum strains with different proteolytic activity, the addition of tyrosine, and the addition of Mn2+, thus leading to 16 different variants of cheese. Two physical colour parameters were used to describe browning, depending on the location in the cheeses: a whiteness index for the outside browning (mould mycelium), and a brownness index for the inside browning (surface of the cheese body). Mn2+ promoted a significant increase of browning at both locations, whereas Yar. lipolytica had the opposite effect. Outside browning was significantly more intense when using the Pen. candidum strain with higher proteolytic activity. A significant interaction was found between Yar. lipolytica and Pen. candidum. The yeast had no effect in combination with a low proteolytic strain of Pen. candidum, but significantly reduced proteolysis and browning in combination with a high proteolytic strain of Pen. candidum. We further confirmed that both strains of Pen. candidum were able to produce brown pigments from tyrosine, and thus both are presumably responsible for the browning activity in this type of cheese.

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For correspondence; e-mail: amlc@itqb.unl.pt

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