Buttchereit, N, Stamer, E, Junge, W and Thaller, G (2011) Short communication: genetic relationships among daily energy balance, feed intake, body condition score, and fat to protein ratio of milk in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94, 1586–1591.
Chegini, A (2017) Genetic and economic aspects of mastitis in Holstein cows of Iran. PhD thesis, University of Guilan, Iran.
Christensen, LG (1998) Possibilities for genetic improvement of disease resistance, functional traits and animal welfare. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A–Animal Science 29, (Suppl.) 77–89.
Cunningham, EP, Moen, RA and Gjedrem, T (1970) Restriction of selection indexes. Biometrics 26, 67–74.
Dekkers, JCM (2003) Design and Economics of Animal Breeding Strategies. Iowa, USA: Iowa State University.
Fewson, D and Niebel, E (1986). Berücksichtigung indirekter Merkmale in Zuchtplänen für Zweinutzungsrinder. Züchtungskunde 58, 4–20.
Fuerst-Waltl, B, Fuerst, C, Obritzhauser, W and Egger-Danner, C (2016) Sustainable breeding objectives and possible selection response: finding the balance between economics and breeders’ preferences. Journal of Dairy Science 99, 1–14.
Ghiasi, H, Nejati-Javaremi, A, Pakdel, A and Gonzalez-Recio, O (2013) Selection strategies for fertility traits of Holstein cows in Iran. Livestock Science 152, 11–15.
Gonzalez-Recio, O, Alenda, R, Chang, Y, Weigel, K and Gianola, D (2006) Selection for female fertility using censored fertility traits and investigation of the relationship with milk production. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 4438–4444.
Hazel, LN (1943) The genetic basis for constructing selection indexes. Genetics 28, 476–490.
Kempthorne, O and Nordskog, AW (1959) Restricted selection indexes. Biometrics 15, 10–19.
Lassen, J, Sørensen, MK, Madsen, P and Ducrocq, V (2007) A stochastic simulation study on using different models for prediction of breeding values while changing the breeding goal. Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience 1, 631–636.
Lindhe, B and Philipsson, J (1998) Genetic correlations between production with disease resistance and fertility in dairy cattle and consequences for total merit selection. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A–Animal Sience 48, 216–221.
Mathworks (2009a) MATLAB – The Language of Technical Computing – Getting Started with MATLAB Version 7.8.0. Natick, MA: The MathWorks.
Miglior, F, Muir, BL and Van Doormaal, BJ (2005) Selection indices in Holstein cattle of various countries. Journal of Dairy Science 88, 1255–1263.
Nielsen, HM, Christensen, LG and Groen, AF (2005) Derivation of sustainable breeding goals for dairy cattle using selection index theory. Journal of Dairy Science 88, 1882–1890.
Rutten, MJ and Bijma, P (2001) SelAction Manual. Wageningen, The Netherlands: University of Wageningen.
Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, A, Moradi-Shahrbabak, M, Nejati-Javaremi, A and Shadparvar, A (2009) Estimation of economic values in three breeding perspectives for longevity and milk production traits in Holstein dairy cattle in Iran. Italian Journal of Animal Science 8, 359–375.
Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, A, Moradi-Shahrbabak, M, Nejati-Javaremi, A, Miraei-Ashtiani, SR and Amer, PA (2011) Estimation of economic values and financial losses associated with clinical mastitis and somatic cell score in Holstein dairy cattle. Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience 5, 33–42.
Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, A, Moradi-Shahrbabak, M, Nejati-Javaremi, A, Miraei-Ashtiani, SR and Amer, PA (2012) Breeding objectives for Holstein dairy cattle in Iran. Journal of Dairy Science 95, 3406–3418.
Sneddon, NW, Lopez-Villalobos, N, Davis, SR, Hickson, RE, Shalloo, L, Garrick, DJ and Geary, U (2016) Responses in lactose yield, lactose percentage and protein-to-protein plus-lactose ratio from index selection in New Zealand dairy cattle. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 59, 90–105.
Sölkner, J, Miesenberger, J, Willam, A, Fürst, Ch and Baumung, R (2000) Total merit indices in dual purpose cattle. Archiv Tierzucht 43, 597–608.
Sørensen, MK, Berg, P, Jensen, J and Christensen, LG (1999) Stochastic simulation of breeding schemes for total merit in dairy cattle. GIFT seminar on genetic improvement of functional traits in cattle, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 7–9 November. Interbull Bulletin 23, 183–192.
Willam, A, Egger-Danner, C, Sölkner, J and Gierzinger, E (2002) Optimization of progeny testing schemes when functional traits play an important role in the total merit index. Livestock Production Science 77, 217–225.