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3107 Understanding barriers to and facilitators of a healthy lifestyle of Hispanic adults with end stage renal disease in hemodialysis: Intensive Development and Experiences in Advancement of Research and Increased Opportunities (IDEARIO)

  • Elsa M Orellano Colon (a1), Luna S. Lugo (a1), Ivelisse Rivera Rodríguez (a1), Natalia Valentín Carro (a1) and Nelson Almodovar Arbelo (a1)...

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: Physical inactivity and mineral imbalances greatly contribute to morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Barriers for engaging in physical activity and adhering to the hemodialysis diet have been reported predominantly with white participants from countries other than Puerto Rico. Therefore, this study’s aims were to explore the barriers and facilitators that Hispanic adults with end-stage renal disease encountered for engaging in physical activity and adhering to the hemodialysis diet. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Three focus groups were conducted among 19 adults living with ESRD who received services from a renal center in Puerto Rico. Sessions were recorded, transcribed, and coded first using inductive methods. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: The presence of fatigue, lack of acceptance of the renal condition, and lack of knowledge of appropriate exercises for patients in hemodialysis were the most frequently reported barriers to engage in physical activities. Cost of the renal diet, limited availability of the renal diet products, the restrictive nature and the lack of Puerto Rican taste of the renal diet, and inadequate educational materials were the most frequent barriers to adhere to the hemodialysis diet reported by the sample. The most commonly reported facilitators to engaging in physical activities were having a positive attitude, opportunities for group exercises, and listening to Hispanic music while exercising. Health benefits, family support, having financial resources, availability of community resources, and having willpower were the most commonly reported facilitators to adhere to the hemodialysis diet. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: We identified a number of culturally relevant individual, interpersonal, institutional, and community-related barriers and facilitators to physical activity and adherence to the hemodialysis diet in patients with ESRD living in Puerto Rico. Evidence-based solutions to overcome these barriers and strategies for enhancing these facilitators should be addressed in future studies aimed at increasing the level of physical activity and increasing adherence to the hemodialysis diet in patients with ESRD living in Puerto Rico.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncnd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

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