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Phonological memory problems are magnified in children from language minority homes when predicting reading disability

  • Lindsay M. HARDY (a1) (a2), Sarah BANKER (a1), Meghan TOMB (a1), Yoochai CHA (a1), Irene ZHANG (a1), Lauren THOMAS (a1), Molly ALGERMISSEN (a1), Stephen T. PEVERLY (a3), Kimberly G. NOBLE (a3) and Amy E. MARGOLIS (a1)...


Children from language minority (LM) environments speak a language at home that differs from that at school, are often from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds, and are at risk for reading impairment. We evaluated the main effects and interaction of language status and phonological memory and awareness on reading disorder in 352 children from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds. A significant phonological memory by language status interaction indicated that phonological memory problems were magnified in predicting reading impairment in children from LM versus English dominant (ED) homes. Among children without reading disorder, language minority status was unrelated to phonological processing.


Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA. E-mail:


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Phonological memory problems are magnified in children from language minority homes when predicting reading disability

  • Lindsay M. HARDY (a1) (a2), Sarah BANKER (a1), Meghan TOMB (a1), Yoochai CHA (a1), Irene ZHANG (a1), Lauren THOMAS (a1), Molly ALGERMISSEN (a1), Stephen T. PEVERLY (a3), Kimberly G. NOBLE (a3) and Amy E. MARGOLIS (a1)...


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