Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Modelling the early expressive communicative trajectories of infants/toddlers with early cochlear implants

  • Edith L BAVIN (a1) (a2), Julia SARANT (a3), Naomi. J. HACKWORTH (a2) (a4) (a5), Shannon K. BENNETTS (a2) (a5), Jay BUZHARDT (a6), Fan JIA (a7), Elizabeth BUTTON (a1), Peter BUSBY (a3), Greg LEIGH (a8) (a9) and Candy PETERSON (a10)...

Abstract

For children with normal hearing (NH), early communication skills predict vocabulary, a precursor to grammar. Growth in early communication skills of infants with cochlear implants (CIs) was investigated using the Early Communication Indicator (ECI), a play-based observation measure. Multilevel linear growth modelling on data from six ECI sessions held at three-monthly intervals revealed significant growth overall, with a non-significant slower growth rate than that of children with NH (comparison age centred at 18 months). Analyses of gesture use and of nonword vocalisations revealed the CI group used significantly more of each, with more rapid growth. In contrast, the CI group used significantly fewer single words and multiword utterances, and with slower growth. Maternal education and time to achieve consistent CI use impacted significantly on growth for the CI sample. The results indicate that progression to vocabulary by young CI users can be supported by encouraging their use of prelinguistic communication.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne3083, Australia. Phone: +61 3 9479 2530; E-mail: e.bavin@latrobe.edu.au

References

Hide All
Acredolo, L. P., & Goodwyn, S. W. (1988). Symbolic gesturing in normal infants. Child Development, 59, 450–6.
Artieres, F., Vieu, A., Mondain, M., Uziel, A., & Venail, F. (2009). Impact of early cochlear implantation on the linguistic development of the deaf child. Otology & Neurotology, 30, 736–42.
Bates, E., & Goodman, J. (1999). On the emergence of grammar from the lexicon. In MacWhinney, B. (Ed.), The emergence of language (pp. 2979). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Bavin, E. L., Sarant, J., Leigh, G., Prendergast, L., Busby, P., & Peterson, C. (2018). Children with cochlear implants in infancy: predictors of early vocabulary. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 53, 788–98.
Carta, J. J., Greenwood, C. R., Walker, D., & Buzhardt, J. (2010). Using IGDIs: tools for monitoring progress and improving intervention for infants and young children. Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.
Ching, T., Dillon, H., Button, L., Seeto, M., Van Buynder, P.Marnane, V., … & Leigh, G. (2017). Age at intervention for permanent hearing loss & 5-year language outcomes. Pediatrics, 140(3), e2016.4274.
Colletti, L. (2009). Long-term follow-up of infants (4–11 months) fitted with cochlear implants. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 129, 361–6.
Cuda, D., Murri, A., Guerzoni, L., Fabrizi, E., & Mariani, V. (2014). Pre-school children have better spoken language when early implanted. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 78, 1327–31.
Curran, P. J., Obeidat, K., & Losardo, D. (2010). Twelve frequently asked questions about growth curve modeling. Journal of Cognition and Development, 11(2), 121–36.
Dettman, S., Pinder, D., Briggs, R. J., Dowell, R, & Leigh, C., R, J.. (2007). Communication development in children who receive the cochlear implant younger than 12 months: risks versus benefits. Ear and Hearing, 28, 11S18S.
Dale, P. S., Tosto, M. G., Hayiou-Thomas, M. E., & Plomin, R. (2015). Why does parental language input style predict child language development? A twin study environment correlation. Journal of Communication Disorders, 57, 106–17.
Duchesne, L., Sutton, A., & Bergeron, F. (2009). Language achievement in children who received cochlear implants between 1 and 2 years of age: group trends and individual patterns. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 14, 465–85.
Fagan, M. (2014). Frequency of vocalization before and after cochlear implantation: dynamic effect of auditory feedback on infant behaviour. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 126C, 328–38.
Fenson, L., Marchman, V. A., Thal, D. J., Dale, P. S., Reznick, J. S., & Bates, E. (2007). MacArthur–Bates Communicative Development Inventories: user's guide and technical manual (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.
Fernald, A., Marchman, , & Weisleder, A. (2013). SES differences in language processing skill and vocabulary are evident at 18 months. Developmental Science, 16, 234–48.
Geers, A. E., Moog, J. S., Biedenstein, J., Brenner, C., & Hayes, H. (2009). Spoken language scores of children using cochlear implants compared to hearing age-mates at school entry. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 14, 371–85.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (2009). Pointing sets the stage for learning language and creating language. Child Development, 78, 741–5.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (2014). Widening the lens: what the manual modality reveals about language, learning and cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: B Biological Science, 369, e2013.0295.
Goldin-Meadow, S. (2015). Gesture as a window onto communicative abilities: implications for diagnosis and intervention. Perspectives on Language Learning and Education, 22, 5060.
Greenwood, C. R., Carta, J. J., Walker, D., Hughes, K., & Weathers, M. (2006). Preliminary investigations of the application of the Early Communication Indicator (ECI) for infants and toddlers. Journal of Early Intervention, 28, 178–96.
Greenwood, C. R., Walker, D., & Buzhardt, J. (2011). The Early Communication Indicator for infants and toddlers early head start growth norms from two states. Journal of Early Intervention, 32, 310–34.
Greenwood, C. R., Walker, D., Buzhardt, J., Howard, W. J., McCune, L., & Anderson, R. (2013). Evidence of a continuum in foundational expressive communication skills. Early Child Research Quarterly, 28, 540–54.
Hackworth, N. J., Berthelsen, D., Matthews, J., Westrupp, E. M., Cann, W., Ukoumunne, O. C., … & Nicholson, J. M. (2017). Impact of a brief group intervention to enhance parenting and the home learning environment for children aged 6–36 months: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Prevention Science, 18, 337–49.
Hoff, E. (2003). The specificity of environmental influence: socioeconomic status affects early vocabulary development via maternal speech. Child Development, 74, 1368–78.
Holt, R. F., & Svirsky, M. A. (2008). An exploratory look at pediatric cochlear implantation: Is earliest always best? Ear & Hearing, 29, 492511.
Houston, D. M., & Miyamoto, R. T. (2010). Effects of early auditory experience on word learning and speech perception in deaf children with cochlear implants: implications for sensitive periods of language development. Otology & Neurotology, 31, 1248–53.
Iverson, J. M., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2005). Gesture paves the way for language development. Psychological Science, 16, 367–71.
Kuhl, P. K., & Meltzoff, A. N. (1996). Infant vocalizations in response to speech: vocal and developmental change. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100(4/1), 2425–38.
Leigh, J., Dettman, S., Dowell, R., & Briggs, R. (2013). Communication development in children who receive a cochlear implant by 12 months of age. Otology & Neurotology, 34, 443–50.
Levine, D., Strother-Garcia, K., Golinkoff, R. M., & Hirsh-Pasek, K. (2016). Language development in the first year of life: what deaf children might be missing before cochlear implantation, Otology & Neurotology, 37, e56e62.
McKean, C., Reilly, S., Bavin, E. L., Bretherton, L, Cini, E., Conway, L., … & Mensah, F. (2017). Language outcomes at 7 years: early predictors and co-occurring difficulties. Pediatrics, 139, e2016.1684.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2012). Mplus user's guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén and Muthén.
Nicholas, J., & Geers, A. (2013). Enduring advantages of early cochlear implantation for spoken language development. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 56(2), 643–55.
Nicholson, J. M., Cann, W., Matthews, J., Berthelsen, D., Ukoumunne, O. C., Trajanovska, M., … & Hackworth, N. J. (2016). Enhancing the early home learning environment through a brief group parenting intervention: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 115.
Niparko, J. K., Tobey, E. A., Thal, D. J., Eisenberg, L. S., Wang, N. Y., Quittner, A. L., … CDaCI Investigative Team (2010). Spoken language development in children following cochlear implantation. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 303, 1498–506.
Pisoni, D. B., Cleary, M., Geers, A. E., & Tobey, E. A. (1999). Individual differences in effectiveness of cochlear implants in children who are prelingually deaf: new process measures of performance. Volta Review, 101, 111–64.
Pisoni, D. B., Kronenberger, W. G., Chandramouli, S. H., & Conway, C. M. (2016). Learning and memory processes following cochlear implantation: the missing piece of the puzzle. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 493, e2016.00493.
R Core Team (2017). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from <https://www.R-project.org/>.
Ramirez-Inscoe, J., & Moore, D. R. (2011). Processes that influence communicative impairments in deaf children using cochlear implants. Ear and Hearing, 32, 690–8.
Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchical linear models: applications and data analysis methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Reilly, S., Wake, M., Bavin, E., Prior, M., Williams, J., Bretherton, L. … & Ukoumunne, O. C. (2007). Predicting language at 2 years of age: a prospective community study. Pediatrics, 120(6), e1441e1449.
Rescorla, L., & Dale, P. (Eds.) (2013). Late talkers: from research to practice. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.
Roberts, M. Y., & Hampton, L. H. (2018). Exploring cascading effects of multimodal communication skills in infants with hearing loss. Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education, 23, 95105.
Rowe, M. L. (2012). A longitudinal investigation of the role of quantity and quality of child-directed speech in vocabulary development. Child Development, 83, 1762–74.
Rowe, M. L., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2009). Early gesture selectively predicts later language learning. Developmental Science, 12, 182–7.
Rowe, M. L., Raudenbush, S. W., & Goldin-Meadow, S. (2012). The pace of vocabulary growth helps predict later vocabulary skill. Child Development, 83(2), 508–25.
Sarant, J., Harris, D., Bennet, L., & Bant, S. (2014). Bilateral versus unilateral cochlear implants in children: a study of spoken language outcomes. Ear and Hearing, 35, 396409.
Stoel-Gammon, C., & Otomo, K. (1986). Babbling development of hearing-impaired and normally hearing subjects. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 51, 3341.
Szagun, G. (2001). Language acquisition in young German-speaking children with cochlear implants: individual differences and implications for conceptions of a ‘sensitive phase’. Audiology and Neuro-Otology, 6, 288–97.
Szagun, G., & Stumper, B. (2012). Age or experience? The influence of age at implantation, social and linguistic environment on language development in children with cochlear implants. Journal of Speech, Language, & Hearing Research, 55, 1640–54.
Tomblin, B., Barker, B., & Hubbs, S. (2007). Developmental constraints on language development in children with cochlear implants. International Journal of Audiology, 46, 512–23.
Ukoumunne, O. C., Wake, M., Carlin, J., Bavin, E. L., Lum, J., Skeat, J., … & Reilly, S. (2012). Profiles of language development in pre-school children: a longitudinal latent class analysis of data from the Early Language in Victoria Study. Child Care Health Development, 38, 341–9.
Välimaa, T., Kunnari, S., Laukkanen-Nevala, P., Lonka, E., & The National Clinical Research Team (2018). Early vocabulary development in children with bilateral cochlear implants, International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 53, 315.
Volterra, V., Iverson, J. M., & Castrataro, M. (2006). The development of gesture in hearing and deaf children, In Schick, B., Marschark, M., & Spencer, P. E. (Eds.), Advances in the sign language development of children (pp. 4670) New York: Oxford University Press.
von Hapsburg, D., & Davis, B. L. (2006). Auditory sensitivity and the prelinguistic vocalizations of early-amplified infants. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 49, 809–22.
Walker, D., & Carta, J. J. (2010). The communication IGDI: early communication indicator. In Carta, J., Greenwood, C., Walker, D., & Buzhardt, J. (Eds.), Using IGDIs: monitoring progress and improving intervention results for infants and young children (pp. 3956). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing.
Werker, J., & Tees, R. (1984). Cross-language speech perception: evidence for perceptual reorganization during the first year of life. Infant Behavior and Development, 25, 21133.
Werker, J. F., & Yeung, H. H. (2005). Infant speech perception bootstraps word learning. Trends in Cognitive Science, 9, 519–27.
Wu, Z., & Gros-Louis, J. (2014). Infants’ prelinguistic communicative acts and maternal responses: relations to linguistic development. First Language, 34, 7290.

Keywords

Modelling the early expressive communicative trajectories of infants/toddlers with early cochlear implants

  • Edith L BAVIN (a1) (a2), Julia SARANT (a3), Naomi. J. HACKWORTH (a2) (a4) (a5), Shannon K. BENNETTS (a2) (a5), Jay BUZHARDT (a6), Fan JIA (a7), Elizabeth BUTTON (a1), Peter BUSBY (a3), Greg LEIGH (a8) (a9) and Candy PETERSON (a10)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.