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Effects of Age of English Exposure, Current Input/Output, and grade on bilingual language performance*

  • LISA M. BEDORE (a1), ELIZABETH D. PEÑA (a1), ZENZI M. GRIFFIN (a1) and J. GREGORY HIXON (a1)

Abstract

This study evaluates the effects of Age of Exposure to English (AoEE) and Current Input/Output on language performance in a cross-sectional sample of Spanish–English bilingual children. First- (N = 586) and third-graders (N = 298) who spanned a wide range of bilingual language experience participated. Parents and teachers provided information about English and Spanish language use. Short tests of semantic and morphosyntactic development in Spanish and English were used to quantify children's knowledge of each language. There were significant interactions between AoEE and Current Input/Output for children at third grade in English and in both grades for Spanish. In English, the relationship between AoEE and language scores were linear for first- and third-graders. In Spanish a nonlinear relationship was observed. We discuss how much of the variance was accounted for by AoEE and Current Input/Output.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Lisa M. Bedore, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Moody College of Communication, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712. e-mail: lisa.bedore@austin.utexas.edu

Footnotes

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[*]

This work was supported by the grant R01DC010366 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). We are grateful to the families that participated in the study. This report does not necessarily reflect the views or policy of the NIDCD.

Footnotes

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