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The developmental course of two children who could talk backward five years ago*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 February 2009

Nelson Cowan
Affiliation:
University of Missouri–Columbia
Lewis A. Leavitt
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin–Madison

Abstract

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Type
Notes and Discussion
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1987

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Footnotes

*

Some of this work was funded through the University of Wisconsin Waisman Center Core Grant, DHHS HDO–3352, and NIH Grant No. 1–R23–HD18698–02 awarded to Cowan. We thank Missey Manders, Wemara Lichty, Carrie Winterowd and Molly Sherk for assistance, and Wilberta Donovan, Mary Roach, Scott Saults and Jean Ispa for reading an earlier draft.

References

Bradley, L. & Bryant, P. E. (1983) Categorizing sounds and learning to read–a causal connection. Nature 301. 419–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cowan, N., Braine, M. D. S. & Leavitt, L. A. (1985) The phonological and metaphonological representation of speech: evidence from fluent backward talkers. Journal of Memory and Language 24. 679–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cowan, N. & Leavitt, L. A. (1982) Talking backward: exceptional speech play in late childhood. Journal of Child Language 9. 481–95.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cowan, N., Leavitt, L. A., Massaro, D. W. & Kent, R. (1982) A fluent backward talker. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 25. 4853.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jakimik, J., Cole, R. A. & Rudnicky, A. I. (1985) Sound and spelling in spoken word recognition. Journal of Memory and Language 24. 165–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morais, J., Carey, L, Alegria, J. & Bertelson, P. (1979) Does awareness of speech as a sequence of phones arise spontaneously? Cognition 7. 323–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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