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IMPACT OF SOCIAL MOBILITY AND GEOGRAPHICAL MIGRATION ON VARIATION IN MALE HEIGHT, WEIGHT AND BODY MASS INDEX IN A BRITISH COHORT

  • MONIKA KRZYŻANOWSKA (a1) and C. G. NICHOLAS MASCIE-TAYLOR (a2)

Summary

Using a sample of 2090 British father and son pairs the relationships between social and geographical intra- and inter-generational mobility were examined in relation to height, weight and body mass index (BMI). There was much more social mobility than geographical (regional) migration. Social mobility and geographical migration were not independent: socially non-mobile fathers and sons were more likely to be geographical non-migrants, and upwardly socially mobile fathers and sons were more likely to be regional migrants. Upwardly socially mobile fathers and sons were, on average, taller and had a lower BMI than non-mobile and downwardly mobile fathers and sons. In general, no significant associations were found between geographical migration and height or weight. Migrating fathers had a lower BMI than sedentes, as did their sons who migrated between 1965 and 1991. There was no significant interaction that indicated that social mobility and geographical migration were acting in a simple additive way on height, weight and BMI.

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