Anderton, D. L. & Bean, L. L. (1985) Birth spacing and fertility limitation: a behavioral analysis of a nineteenth century frontier population. Demography, 22, 169.
Appiah, R. (1985) Knowledge and use of contraception. In: Demographic Patterns in Ghana: Evidence from the Ghana Fertility Survey 1979–80, pp. 97–142. Edited by Singh, S., Owusu, J. Y. & Shah, I. H.. International Statistical Institute, Voorburg, The Netherlands.
Armar, A. A. (1983) The Ghana national family planning program. In: Views from Three Continents, pp. 102–109. Management Contributions to Population Programs, Vol.3. International Committee on the Management of Population Programs, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Beckman, L. J. (1983) Communication, power and the influence of social networks in couple decisions on fertility. In: Determinants of Fertility in Developing Countries, Volume 2: Fertility Regulation and Institutional Influences, pp. 415–443. Edited by Bulatao, R. A. & Lee, R. D.. Academic Press, New York.
Bongaarts, J. (1983) The proximate determinants of natural marital fertility. In: Determinants of Fertility in Developing Countries: A Summary of Knowledge. Edited by Bulatao, R. A. & Lee, R. D.. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Brody, E. B., Ottey, F. & LaGranade, J. (1976) Fertility-related behavior in Jamaica. In: Cultural Factors and Population in Developing Countries, pp. 15–30. Occasional Monograph Series No. 6, ICP Work Agreement Reports. Interdiscipline Communications Program, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC.
Bulatao, R. A. (1984) Reducing Fertility in Developing Countries: A Review of Determinants and Policy Levers. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Bumpass, L. L. (1987) The risk of an unwanted birth: the changing context of contraceptive sterilization in the US. Popul. Stud. 41, 347.
Cain, M. T. (1984) Women's Status and Fertility in Developing Countries: Son Preference and Economic Security. Working Paper No. 110. Population Council, New York.
Caldwell, J. C. (1968) The control of family size in tropical Africa. Demography, 5, 598.
Caldwell, J. C. (1982) Theory of Fertility Decline. Academic Press, New York.
Chaudhury, R. H. (1982) Social Aspects of Fertility, with Special Reference to Developing Countries. Vikas, New Delhi.
Cochrane, S. H. (1979) Fertility and Education: What do We Really Know?. World Bank Staff Occasional Papers, No. 26. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
Davis, K. & Blake, J. (1956) Social structure and fertility: an analytical framework. Econ. Dev. cult. Change, 4, 211.
Furstenberg, F. F., Brooks-Gunn, S. & Morgan, S. P. (1987) Adolescent Mothers in Later Life. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Gaisie, S. K. (1969) Dynamics of Population Growth in Ghana. Ghana Publishing Corporation, Accra-Tema.
Gaisie, S. K. (1971) The National Demographic Sample Survey, 1968–69, III. Legon, Accra.
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) & Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems (IRD) (1989) Ghana Demographic and Health Survey 1988. GSS and IRD, Columbia, Maryland.
Glenn, N. D. (1988) Cohort Analysis. Sage, Beverly Hills, California.
Goldscheider, C. & Mosher, W. D. (1988) Religious affiliation and contraceptive usage: changing American patterns, 1955–82. Stud. Fam. Plann. 19, 48.
Henn, J. K. (1989) Women in the rural economy: past, present, and future. In: African Women South of the Sahara. Edited by Hay, M. J. & Stichter, S.. Longman, New York.
International Planned Parenthood Federation (1984) Male Involvement in Family Planning. IPPF, London.
Joesoef, M. R., Baughman, A. L. & Utomo, B. (1988) Husband's approval of contraceptive use in metropolitan Indonesia: program implications. Stud. Fam. Plann. 19, 162.
Kar, S. B. & Talbot, J. M. (1980) Attitudinal and nonattitudinal determinants of contraception: a cross-cultural study. Stud. Fam. Plann. 11, 51.
Kasarda, J. D., Billy, J. O. G. & West, K. (1986) Status Enhancement and Fertility: Reproductive Responses to Social Mobility and Educational Opportunity. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida.
Knodel, J. (1987) Starting, stopping and spacing during the early stages of fertility transition: the experience of German village populations in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Demography, 24, 143.
Lamptey, P., Nicholas, D. D., Ofosu-Amaah, S. & Lourie, I. M. (1978) An evaluation of male contraceptive acceptance in rural Ghana. Stud. Fam. Plann. 9, 222.
McGinn, T., Bamba, A. & Balma, M. (1989) Male knowledge, use and attitudes regarding family planning in Burkina Faso. Int. Fam. Plann. Perspect. 15, 84.
O'Connell, M. & Rogers, C. C. (1984) Out-of-wedlock births, premarital pregnancies and their effect on family formation and dissolution. Fam. Plann. Perspect. 16, 157.
Oheneba-Sakyi, Y. (1989) Cohort shifts in the timing of births in Ghana. Sociol. Perspect. 32, 485.
Oheneba-Sakyi, Y. (1990) Socio-economic and cultural differentials in contraceptive usage among Ghanaian women. Int. J. Sociol. Fam. 20, 139.
O'Laughlin, B. (1974) Mediation of contradiction: why Mbum women do not eat chicken. In: Women, Culture, and Society, pp. 301–318. Edited by Rosaldo, M. & Lamphere, L.. Stanford University Press, California.
Olusanya, P. O. (1971) Status differentials in the fertility attitudes of married women in two communities in western Nigeria. Econ. Dev. cult. Change, 19, 641.
Oppong, C. (1981) Middle Class African Marriage. Allen & Unwin, London.
Owusu, J. Y. (1984) Evaluation of the Ghana Fertility Survey 1979–80. World Fertility Survey Scientific Reports, No. 69. International Statistical Institute, Voorburg, The Netherlands.
Owusu, J. Y. & Singh, S. (1985) Introduction. In: Demographic Patterns in Ghana: Evidence from the Ghana Fertility Survey 1979–80, pp. 1–15. Edited by Singh, S., Owusu, J. Y. & Shah, I. H.. International Statistical Institute, Voorburg, The Netherlands.
Pool, I. D. (1967) Ghana: a survey on fertility and attitudes toward family limitation. Stud. Fam. Plann. 25, 10.
Population Reference Bureau (1991) World Population Data Sheet. Population Reference Bureau, Washington, DC.
Rindfuss, R. R. & Morgan, S. P. (1983) Marriage, sex, and the first birth interval: the quiet revolution in Asia. Popul. Dev. Rev. 36, 259.
Ryder, N. B. (1965) The cohort as a concept in the study of social change. Am. sociol. Rev. 30, 843.
Shah, N. M. (1974) The role of interspousal communication in adoption of family planning methods: a couple approach. Pakistan Dev. Rev. 13, 454.
Stephen, E. H., Rindfuss, R. R. & Bean, F. D. (1988) Racial differences in contraceptive choice: complexity and implications. Demography, 25, 53.
Tsui, A. O. (1985) The rise of modern contraception. In: Reproductive Change in Developing Countries, pp. 115–138. Edited by Cleland, J. & Hobcraft, J.. Oxford University Press, London.
Weatherby, J. et al. (1987) The Other World: Issues and Politics in the Third World. Macmillan, New York.
Westoff, C. F., Hammerslough, C. R. & Paul, L. (1987) The potential impact of improvements in contraception on fertility and abortion in western countries. Eur. J. Popul. 3, 7.
Yaukey, D. (1961) Fertility Differences in a Modernizing Society. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Zelnik, M. & Kantner, J. F. (1980) Sexual activity, contraceptive use and pregnancy among metropolitan-area teenagers: 1971–1979. Fam. Plann. Perspect. 12, 230.