Andrews, D. & Leigh, A. (2009) More inequality, less social mobility. Applied Economics Letters 16, 1489–1492.
Argys, L. M., Rees, D. I., Averett, S. L. & Witoonchart, B. (2006) Birth order and risky adolescent behavior. Economic Inquiry 44, 215–233.
Atherton, K., Fuller, E., Shepherd, P., Strachan, D. P. & Power, C. (2008) Loss and representativeness in a biomedical survey at age 45 years: 1958 British birth cohort. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62, 216–223.
Barreto, T. V. & Rodrigues, L. C. (1992) Factors influencing childhood immunization in an urban area of Brazil. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 46, 357–361.
Berger, I. & Felsenthal-Berger, N. (2009) Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and birth order. Journal of Child Neurology 24(6), 692–696.
Biblarz, T. J., Raftery, A. E. & Bucur, A. (1997) Family structure and social mobility. Social Forces 75(4), 1319–1341.
Bjerkedal, T., Kristensen, P., Skjeret, G. A. & Brevik, J. I. (2007) Intelligence test scores and birth order among young Norwegian men (conscripts) analyzed within and between families. Intelligence 35, 503–514.
Black, S. E., Devereux, P. J. & Salvanes, K. G. (2007) Small family, smart family? Family size and the IQ scores of young men. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No. 13336, pp. 1–38.
Black, S. E., Devereux, P. J. & Salvanes, K. G. (2011) Older and wiser? Birth order and IQ of young men. CESifo Economic Studies 57(1), 103–120.
Blake, J. (1989) Family Size and Achievement. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Blanden, J., Gregg, P. & Macmillan, L. (2006) Explaining intergenerational income persistence: non-cognitive skills, ability and education. CMPO Working Paper Series, No. 06/146.
Blane, D., Davey Smith, G. & Hart, C. (1999) Some social and physical correlates of intergenerational social mobility: evidence from the West of Scotland Collaborative Study. Sociology 33, 169–183.
Bond, R. & Saunders, P. (1999) Routes of success: influences on the occupational attainment of young British males. British Journal of Sociology 50, 217–249.
Boomsma, D. I., van Beijsterveld, T. C. E. M., Beem, A. L., Hoekstra, R. A., Polderman, T. J. C. & Bartels, M. (2008) Intelligence and birth order in boys and girls. Intelligence 36, 630–634.
Booth, A. & Kee, H. J. (2009) Birth order matters: the effect of family size and birth order on educational attainment. Journal of Population Economics 22, 367–397.
Bosma, H., van de Mheen, H. D. & Mackenbach, J. P. (1999) Social class in childhood and general health in adulthood: questionnaire study of contribution of psychological attributes. British Medical Journal 318, 18–22.
Bradley, S. & Taylor, J. (2004) Ethnicity, educational attainment and the transition from school. The Manchester School 72, 317–346.
Breen, R. & Goldthorpe, J. H. (1999) Class inequality and meritocracy: a critique of Saunders and an alternative analysis. British Journal of Sociology 50, 1–27.
Breen, R. & Goldthorpe, J. H. (2001) Class, mobility and merit: the experience of two British birth cohorts. European Sociological Review 17, 81–101.
Breen, R. & Jonsson, J. O. (2000) Analyzing educational careers: a multinomial transition model. American Sociological Review 65, 754–772.
Cardano, M., Costa, G. & Demaria, M. (2004) Social mobility and health in the Turin longitudinal study. Social Science & Medicine 58, 1563–1574.
Carneiro, P., Crawford, C. & Goodman, A. (2007) The impact of early cognitive and non-cognitive skills on later outcomes. Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE, London.
Cernerud, L. (1995) Height and social mobility. A study of the height of 10 year olds in relation to socio-economic background and type of formal schooling. Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine 23, 28–31.
Cherian, V. I. (1990) Birth order and academic achievement of children in Transkei. Psychological Reports 66, 19–24.
Davey Smith, G., Hart, C., Hole, D., MacKinnon, P., Gillis, C. & Watt, G. C. (1998) Education and occupational social class: which is the more important indicator of mortality risk? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 52, 153–160.
Deary, I., Taylor, M., Hart, C., Wilson, V., Smith, G., Blane, D. & Starr, J. (2005) Intergenerational social mobility and mid-life status attainment: influences of childhood intelligence, childhood social factors, and education. Intelligence 33, 455–472.
de Haan, M. (2010) Birth order, family size and educational attainment. Economics of Education Review 29, 576–588.
DiRago, A. C. & Vaillant, G. E. (2007) Resilience in inner city youth: childhood predictors of occupational status across the lifespan. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 36, 61–70.
Downey, D. B. (1995) When bigger is not better: family size, parental resources, and children's educational performance. American Sociological Review 60, 746–761.
Dubow, E. F., Boxer, P. & Huesmann, L. R. (2009) Long-term effects of parents' education on children's educational and occupational success: mediation by family interactions, child aggression, and teenage aspirations. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 55(3), 224–249.
Elliott, B. A. (1992) Birth order and health: major issues. Social Science & Medicine 35(4), 443–452.
Falbo, T. & Polit, D. F. (1986) A quantitative review of the only child literature: research evidence and theory development. Psychological Bulletin 100, 176–189.
Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J. & Boden, J. M. (2006) Birth order and educational achievement in adolescence and young adulthood. Australian Journal of Education 50, 122–139.
Forrest, L. F., Hodgson, S., Parker, L. & Pearce, M. S. (2011) The influence of childhood IQ and education on social mobility in the Newcastle Thousand Families birth cohort. BMC Public Health 11, 895.
Gall, S. L., Abbott-Chapman, J., Patton, G. C., Dwyer, T. & Venn, A. (2010) Intergenerational educational mobility is associated with cardiovascular disease risk behaviours in a cohort of young Australian adults: the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH) Study. BMC Public Health 10, 55.
Ha, T. S. & Tam, C. L. (2011) A study of birth order, academic performance, and personality. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity, IPEDR, Vol. 5, IACSIT Press, Singapore.
Hart, C. L. & Davey Smith, G. (2003) Relation between number of siblings and adult mortality and stroke risk: 25 year follow up of men in the Collaborative Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 57, 385–391.
Hart, C. L., Davey Smith, G. & Blane, D. (1998) Social mobility and 21 year mortality in a cohort of Scottish men. Social Science & Medicine 47, 1121–1130.
Hauser, R. M., Warren, J. R., Huang, M-H. & Carter, W. Y. (1996) Occupational status, education, and social mobility in the meritocracy. Center for Demography and Ecology (CDE), Working Paper No. 96–18.
Healey, M. D. & Ellis, B. J. (2007) Birth order, conscientiousness, and openness to experience: tests of the family-niche model of personality using a within-family methodology. Evolution and Human Behavior 28, 55–59.
Iannelli, C. & Paterson, L. (2005) Does education promote social mobility? Centre for Educational Sociology, CES Briefing No. 35, University of Edinburgh.
Jaeger, M. M. (2009) Sibship size and educational attainment: a joint test of the confluence model and the resource dilution hypothesis. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 27, 1–12.
Jaeger, M. M. & Holm, A. (2003) Which background factors matter more in intergenerational educational attainment: social class, cultural capital or cognitive ability? A random effects approach. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics 1–28.
Johnson, W., Brett, C. E. & Deary, I. J. (2010) The pivotal role of education in the association between ability and social class attainment: a look across three generations. Intelligence 38, 55–65.
Kantarevic, J. & Mechoulan, S. (2005) Birth order, educational attainment and earnings: an investigation using the PSID. IZA Discussion Papers, No. 1789. URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/33423.
Kaplan, B. A., Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. & Boldsen, J. (1992) Birth order and health status in a British national sample. Journal of Biosocial Science 24(1), 25–34.
Krzyżanowska, M. & Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. (2011) Intra- and intergenerational social mobility in relation to height, weight and body mass index in a British national cohort. Journal of Biosocial Science 43, 611–618.
Lampard, R. (2007) Is social mobility an echo of educational mobility? Parents' educations and occupations and their children's occupational attainment. Sociological Research Online 12, 16.
Lasker, G. W. & Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. (1989) Effects of social class differences and social mobility on growth in height, weight and body mass index in a British cohort. Annals of Human Biology 16, 1–8.
Lewis, S. A. & Britton, J. R. (1998) Measles infection, measles vaccination and the effect of birth order in the aetiology of hay fever. Clinical and Experimental Allergy 28, 1493–1500.
Li, J. & Taylor, B. (1993) Factors affecting uptake of measles, mumps, and rubella immunization. British Medical Journal 307, 168–171.
Li, H., Zhang, J. & Zhu, Y. (2008) The quantity-quality trade-off of children in a developing country: identification using Chinese twins. Demography 45, 223–243.
Machin, S. (2004) Education systems and intergenerational mobility 1. Education 1–26.
Marjoribanks, K. (1987) Birth order and sibsize correlates of educational attainment and occupational status. Psychological Reports 61, 147–150.
Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. (1984) The interaction between geographical and social mobility. In Boyce, A. J. (ed.) Migration & Mobility, Biosocial Aspects of Human Movement. Symposia of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, Vol. 23. Taylor & Francis, London and Philadelphia, pp. 161–178.
Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. & Gibson, J. B. (1978) Social mobility and IQ components. Journal of Biosocial Science 10, 263–276.
Mcintosh, J. & Munk, M. (2009) Social class, family background, and intergenerational mobility. European Economic Review 53, 107–117.
Modin, B. (2002) Birth order and mortality: a life-long follow-up of 14,200 boys and girls born in early 20th century Sweden. Social Science & Medicine 54, 1051–1064.
Müller, W. & Shavit, Y. (1998) The institutional embeddedness of the stratification process: a comparative study of qualifications and occupations in thirteen countries. In Shavit, Y. & Müller, W. (eds) From School to Work: A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations. Clarendon Press, New York, pp. 1–48.
Nettle, D. (2003) Intelligence and class mobility in the British population. British Journal of Psychology 94, 551–561.
Parr, N. (2006) Do children from small families do better? Journal of Population Research 23, 1–25.
Paulhus, D. L., Trapnell, P. D. & Chen, D. (1999) Birth order effects on personality and achievement within families. Psychological Science 10, 482–488.
Power, C. & Elliott, J. (2006) Cohort profile: 1958 British birth cohort (National Child Development Study). International Journal of Epidemiology 35, 34–41.
Richards, M. & Sacker, A. (2003) Lifetime antecedents of cognitive reserve. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 25, 614–624.
Rohde, P. A., Atzwanger, K., Butovskaya, M., Lampert, A., Mysterud, L., Sanchez-Andres, A. & Sulloway, F. J. (2003) Perceived parental favoritism, closeness to kin, and the rebel of the family. Evolution and Human Behavior 24, 261–276.
Saunders, P. (1997) Social mobility in Britain: an empirical evaluation of two competing explanations. Sociology 31, 261–288.
Saunders, P. (2002) Reflections on the meritocracy debate in Britain: a response to Richard Breen and John Goldthorpe. British Journal of Sociology 53, 559–574.
Schoon, I. (2008) A transgenerational model of status attainment: the potential mediating role of school motivation and education. National Institute Economic Review 205(1), 72–82.
Sen, A. & Clemente, A. (2010) Intergenerational correlations in educational attainment: birth order and family size effects using Canadian data. Economics of Education Review 29, 147–155.
Shavit, Y. & Blossfeld, H. P. (eds) (1993) Persistent Inequalities: A Comparative Study of Educational Attainment in Thirteen Countries. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.
Sieben, I. & De Graaf, P. M. (2001) Testing the modernization hypothesis and the socialist ideology hypothesis: a comparative sibling analysis of educational attainment and occupational status. British Journal of Sociology 52, 441–467.
Sorjonen, K., Hemmingsson, T., Lundin, A. & Melin, B. (2011) How social position of origin relates to intelligence and level of education when adjusting for attained social position. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 52, 277–281.
Steelman, L. C. & Powell, B. (1985) The social and academic consequences of birth order: real, artifactual, or both? Journal of Marriage and Family 47, 117–124.
Sulloway, F. J. (1996) Born to Rebel: Birth Order, Family Dynamics, and Creative Lives. Pantheon, New York.
Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2006) Using Multivariate Statistics. Fifth edition. Allyn & Bacon, Boston.
Tomasson, R. F. (1966) Social mobility and family size in two high-status populations. Eugenics Quarterly 13, 113–121.
Van Bavel, J., Moreels, S., Van de Putte, B. & Matthijs, K. (2011) Family size and intergenerational social mobility during the fertility transition. Demographic Research 24, 313–344.
Von Stumm, S., Gale, C. R., Batty, G. D. & Deary, I. J. (2009) Childhood intelligence, locus of control and behaviour disturbance as determinants of intergenerational social mobility: British Cohort Study 1970. Intelligence 37, 329–340.
Von Stumm, S., Macintyre, S., Batty, D. G., Clark, H. & Deary, I. J. (2010) Intelligence, social class of origin, childhood behavior disturbance and education as predictors of status attainment in midlife in men: the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study. Intelligence 38, 202–211.
Waller, J. H. (1971) Achievement and social mobility: relationships amongst IQ score, education and occupation in two generations. Social Biology 18, 252–259.
Wolniak, G. C., Seifert, T. A., Reed, E. J. & Pascarella, E. T. (2008) College majors and social mobility. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 26, 123–139.
Zajonc, R. B. (1976) Family configuration and intelligence. Science 192, 227–236.
Zajonc, R. B. & Markus, G. B. (1975) Birth order and intellectual development. Psychological Review 82, 74–88.