Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Language and Politics: The Reversal of Postwar Script Reform Policy in Japan

  • Nanette Gottlieb

Extract

The period since the end of the Allied Occupation of Japan has seen a number of attempts to reverse several Occupation policies. Some, such as the revoking of administrative decentralization of education and the police force, have been successful, while others, such as constitutional revision, have not. In general, the period since the 1950s has seen a pattern of conservative social change backed by the Liberal Democratic Party. An area that illustrates this trend is that of language policy, specifically the policy toward script. The partial revision of the immediate postwar script reforms that occurred over a twenty-year period from the mid-1960s to the end of the 1980s, most notably the revision of the 1946 list of recommended characters, is an example of a policy that, while not imposed by the Occupation authorities, had been arrived at during the Occupation and was later reversed to some extent in a conservative direction through direct LDP intervention.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Masatsugu, Andō. 1975. Gengo Seisaku Ronkō [A Study of Language Policy]. Tokyo: Yūzankaku.
Eastman, Carol. 1983. Language Planning: An Introduction. Novato, Calif.: Chandler and Sharp.
Editorial Staff of Kotoba no Kyōiku. 1961. “Kokugo Shingikai no Kūdetaa” [Coup d'Etat in the National Language Council]. Kotoba no Kyōiku 132:1018.
Fujll, Tsuguo. 1968. “Shinbun to Kokugo Seisaku” [Newspapers and Language Policy]. Gengo Seisaku 10:812.
Tsuneari, Fukuda and Tomizō, Yoshida. 1965. “Kokugo Shingikai o Shikaru” [Chiding the National Language Council]. Shio 63:220–30.
Seiichi, Funabashi. 1975. “Sengo Sanjūnen no Kokugo Seisaku” [Thirty Years of Postwar Language Policy]. Kokugo Kokuji 86:1924.
Japanese Education Reform Council. 1950. Education Reform in Japan: The Present Status and Problems Involved. Tokyo: Japanese Education Reform Council.
Jiyū Minshutō Seimu Chōsakai Bunkyō Seido Chōsakai. 1968. Tokusbū: Kokugo no Shomondai [Special Release: Language Problems]. Tokyo.
Hirokuni, Kitta. 1989. Nippon no Rōtnazi Undō 1789–1988 [The Romanization Movement in Japan, 1789–1988]. Tokyo: Nippon no Rōmazi-sya.
Koizumi, Tamotsu. 1981.“Nihon no Moji Seisaku” [Japan's Script Policy]. Gengo 10 (11):2027.
Shingikai, Kokugo. 1952. Kokugo Shingikai no Kiroku [Proceedings of the National Language Council]. Tokyo: Monbushō.
Minoru, Koshimizu. 1976. “Sengo Kokugo Seisaku no Risō to Genjitsu” [Postwar Language Policy: Ideal and Reality]. Asahi Jaanaru 9/4/1976: 9093.
Tadanori, Matsusaka. 1962. Kokugo Kokuji Ronsō: Fukkoshugi e no Hanron [The Language and Script Debate: The Argument against Reactionism]. Tokyo: Shinkyo Shuppan.
Tadanori, Matsusaka. 1970. “Jidai Gyakkō no Kokugo Shingikai” [The National Language Council: Out of Step with the Times]. Seikai Ōrai 36(9):6469.
Tadanori, Matsusaka. 1978. “Shinkanjihyō ni Jisshi o Kuitomenakereba Naranai” [We must not Allow the New Character List to come into Effect]. Sakubun to Kyōiku 1978:4245.
Miller, Roy Andrew. 1982. Japan's Modern Myth: The Language and Beyond. New York: Weatherhill.
Chihiro, Momose. 1980.“Kokugo Seisaku o kaeru Riyū wa Nanika” [Why Change Language Policy?]. Kana no Hikari 695:37
Gakkai, Nihon Onsei. 1980. “Kasekika shita Kokugo Seisaku: sono Konponteki Hansei to Shinkyōiku Seisaku e no Tenkan” [Fossilized Language Policy: A Thorough Reconsideration and the Implications for Education]. Onsei Gakkai Kaihō 163:2223.
Nomura, Masaaki. 1981. “Jōyō Kanjihyō no tōjita Mono: Masukomi no Hankyō o otte” [Media Reaction to the List of Characters for General Use]. Gengo Seikatsu 355:3239.
Tadatoshi, Ōkubo. 1978. Ichiokunin no Kokugo Kokuji Mondai [The Language and Script Problems of a Hundred Million People]. Tokyo: Sanseidō.
Susumu, Ōno. 1962. “Shin Kokugo Shingikai no Kadai” [Problems with the New National Language Council]. Sekai (193):243250.
Susumu, Ōno. 1977. “Shinkanjihyō wa Moji no Katsuryoku o Kaifuku saseru ka” [Will the New Character List Restore the Vitality of Characters?]. Asahi Jaanaru 11/2/1977:106111.
Seeley, Christopher. 1984. “The Japanese Script since 1900.” Visible Language XVIII (3):267301.
Seeley, Christopher. 1991. A History of Writing in Japan. Leiden: Brill.
Ryōhei, Shioda. 1965. Kokugo Zuihitsu. Tokyo: Sekkasha.
Nagahide, Sugimori. 1983. “Kokugo Kaikaku no Rekishi (Sengo)” [The History of Language Reform: Postwar]. In Saiichi, Maruya, ed., Nihongo no Sekai 16: Kokugo Kaikaku o Hihan suru [The World of Japanese Language 16: Criticisms of Language Reform]. Tokyo: Chūō Kōronsha, pp. 95168.
Yasuyuki, Suzuki, ed. 1977. Kokugo Kokuji Mondai no Riron [The Theory of Language and Script Problems]. Tokyo: Mugi Shobō.
Akiyasu, Tōdō. 1982. Kanji no Kako to Mirai [Characters: Their Past and Future]. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.
Zenmaro, Toki, Kinji, Sawada, Kyōsuke, Kindaichi, Motoki, Tokieda, Muneo, Nakamura, and Minoru, Nishio. 1952. “Kokugo Shingikai wa dō iu koto o shite iru ka” [What is the National Language Council Doing?]. Gengo Seikatsu, March 1952:224.
Trainor, Joseph. 1983. Educational Reform in Occupied Japan: Trainor's Memoir. Tokyo: Meisei University Press.
Twine, Nanette. 1991. “Language and the Constitution.Japan Forum 3.1:125–37.
Twine, Nanette. 1991a. Language and the Modern State: The Reform of Written Japanese. London: Routledge.
Uemae, Junichirō. 1975. “Shōwa Nijūichinen: Kokugo Shingikai” (1946: The National'Language Council). Shokun 7 (7): 156–80.
Unger, J. Marshall. 1987. The Fifth Generation Fallacy: Why Japan Is Betting Its Future on Artificial Intelligence. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Uno, Seiichi. 1977. “Sengo no Kokugo Kaikaku—Watashi no Taiken o Chūshin toshite” [My Experiences with Postwar Language Reform]. Kokugo no Kenkyū 10:3342.
Yabe, H. 1968. “Jimintō no Kokugo Seisaku ni miru Handōsei” [Reactionism in the LDP's Language Policy]. Gekkan Shakaitō 140:136–38.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Language and Politics: The Reversal of Postwar Script Reform Policy in Japan

  • Nanette Gottlieb

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.