Published online by Cambridge University Press: 09 December 2016
We introduce and study a new model that we call the matching model. Items arrive one by one in a buffer and depart from it as soon as possible but by pairs. The items of a departing pair are said to be matched. There is a finite set of classes 𝒱 for the items, and the allowed matchings depend on the classes, according to a matching graph on 𝒱. Upon arrival, an item may find several possible matches in the buffer. This indeterminacy is resolved by a matching policy. When the sequence of classes of the arriving items is independent and identically distributed, the sequence of buffer-content is a Markov chain, whose stability is investigated. In particular, we prove that the model may be stable if and only if the matching graph is nonbipartite.
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