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Substituting chemical fertilizer nitrogen with organic manure and comparing their nitrogen use efficiency and winter wheat yield

  • Y. J. Yang (a1) (a2), T. Lei (a1) (a2), W. Du (a1) (a2), C. L. Liang (a1) (a2), H. D. Li (a1) (a2) and J. L. Lv (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

A 2-year fertilization experiment was conducted to study the effect of different ratios of organic (pig) manure on wheat yield and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The four treatments were no nitrogen (N) (CK); 100% chemical fertilizer N (urea; T1); 70% chemical fertilizer N + 30% organic manure N (T2) and 50% chemical fertilizer N + 50% organic manure N (T3), with the same amount of applied nitrogen (120 kg/ha). The results showed the maximum grain yield (3049 kg/ha), crop nitrogen uptake (216 kg/ha), NUE (65.4%) and accumulated nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N in 0–200 cm, 142 kg/ha) were observed in the T1 among all treatments in the first year. However, the largest grain yield (5074 kg/ha), crop nitrogen uptake (244 kg/ha) and NUE (82.5%) were under T2 treatment in the second year. Furthermore, T2 had the maximum NO3-N content in 0–100 cm layer (116 kg/ha), especially 0–40 cm layer, and the lowest NO3-N content in 100–200 cm (58.8 kg/ha). However, 50% organic manure N in T3 increased apparent nitrogen loss by 39.0% compared to that in T2. Therefore, 30% organic manure N application was more conducive for enhancing wheat yield and NUE and promoting environmental safety after 1-year fertilization time.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: J. L. Lv, E-mail: ljlll@nwsuaf.edu.cn

References

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Substituting chemical fertilizer nitrogen with organic manure and comparing their nitrogen use efficiency and winter wheat yield

  • Y. J. Yang (a1) (a2), T. Lei (a1) (a2), W. Du (a1) (a2), C. L. Liang (a1) (a2), H. D. Li (a1) (a2) and J. L. Lv (a1) (a2)...

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