Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Release of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [l.] Lam.) cultivars in Mozambique through an accelerated breeding scheme

  • M. I. ANDRADE (a1), J. RICARDO (a2), A. NAICO (a1), A. ALVARO (a3), G. S. MAKUNDE (a1), J. LOW (a4), R. ORTIZ (a5) and W. J. GRÜNEBERG (a6)...

Summary

Sweetpotato breeding requires at least 5 years to obtain an advanced breeding clone for further testing with the goal of cultivar release. An accelerated breeding scheme (ABS) can be feasible if the genotype × year interaction is low. The objectives of the present study were to describe an ABS for sweetpotato and to investigate the efficiency of this breeding scheme for selecting high-yielding and well-adapted orange-fleshed sweetpotato (OFSP) cultivars with high β-carotene (BC) content. More than 198 500 seeds from two crossing blocks were germinated and rapidly multiplied for evaluation in observation trials at four breeding locations in Mozambique. Breeding clones with storage root yields above 10 t/ha were advanced to preliminary and advanced yield trials across four sites and for 3 years. As a result, 64 high-yielding OFSP breeding clones were selected and evaluated in four mega-environments following a randomized complete block design with three replicates at Angónia, Chókwè, Gurúè and Umbelúzi. Data from multi-environment trials were subjected to single site and combined analysis of variance as well as to stability analysis. The genotype × environment interaction was highly significant for storage root and vine yields, dry matter (DM) and BC content. Storage root yield and DM content for 15 OFSP breeding clones ranged from 14·9 to 27·1 t/ha and from 24·8 to 32·8%, respectively. BC content, iron and zinc ranged from 5·9 to 38·4, 1·6 to 2·1 and 1·1 to 1·5 mg/100 g dry weight, respectively. The OFSP breeding clones also met the culinary tastes required by local consumers in Mozambique. The proposed ABS seems to be an attractive scheme for genetic enhancement of sweetpotato.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Release of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [l.] Lam.) cultivars in Mozambique through an accelerated breeding scheme
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Release of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [l.] Lam.) cultivars in Mozambique through an accelerated breeding scheme
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Release of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [l.] Lam.) cultivars in Mozambique through an accelerated breeding scheme
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

*To whom all correspondence should be addressed. Email: M.Andrade@cgiar.org

References

Hide All
Agili, S., Nyende, B., Ngamau, K. & Masinde, P. (2012). Selection, yield evaluation, drought tolerance indices of orange-flesh sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam) hybrid clone. Journal of Nutrition and Food Science 2, 138. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000138
Andrade, M. I., Naico, A., Ricardo, J. & Sandramo, A. (2004 a). Cassava and Sweet Potato Yields in Mozambique. Maputo, Mozambique: Relatório do Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronómica (INIA), Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET).
Andrade, M. I., Naico, A., Ricardo, J. & Sandramo, A. (2004 b). Estudo sobre o Impacto da Disseminação das Variedades de Mandioca e Batata Doce de Polpa Alaranjada em Moçambique. Maputo, Mozambique: Relatório do Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronómica (INIA), Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET).
Andrade, M. I., Naico, A., Ricardo, J., Alvaro, A., Moniz, S., Sitoe, E. & Grüneberg, W. (2010). Evaluation of 64 Clones Selected from Advanced Yield Trials Established Between 2005/06 and 2009/10 in Maputo, Gaza, Zambézia, and Tete. Maputo, Mozambique: International Potato Center – Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Mozambique.
Annicchiarico, P. (2002). Genotype × Environment Interactions – Challenges and Opportunities for Plant Breeding and Cultivar Recommendations. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 174. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Arancibia, R. A., Smith, C. D., LaBonte, D. R., Main, J. L., Smith, T. P. & Villordon, A. Q. (2014). Optimizing sweetpotato production for fresh and processing markets through plant spacing and planting-harvest time. HortTechnology 24, 1624.
Birol, E., Meenakshi, J. V., Oparinde, A., Perez, S. & Tomlins, K. (2015). Developing country consumers’ acceptance of biofortified foods: a synthesis. Food Security 7, 555558.
Burgos, G., Carpio, R., Sanchez, C., Sosa, P., Porras, E., Espinoza, J. & Grüneberg, W. (2009). Guide for Using the RHS Colour Chart for Selecting for High β-carotene Sweetpotato. Lima, Perú: International Society for Tropical Root Crops.
CIP (2010). Facts and Figures About Sweetpotato. Lima, Perú: International Potato Center.
Ewell, P. T. (2002). Sweetpotato Production in Sub-Saharan Africa: Patterns and Key Issues. Nairobi, Kenya: International Potato Center.
FAO (2014). FAOSTAT. Rome, Italy: FAO. Available from: http://faostat.fao.org/ (verified 29 September 2016).
Finlay, K. W. & Wilkinson, G. N. (1963). The analysis of adaptation in plant breeding program. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 14, 742754.
Gauch, H. G. (1992). Statistical Analysis of Regional Yield Trials: AMMI Analysis of Factorial Designs. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Gomes, M. F. D. (1996). Effects of drought and vine cutting management on the productivity of sweet potato in Southern Mozambique. PhD thesis, Cranfield University, UK.
Grüneberg, W. J., Manrique, K., Zhang, D. & Hermann, M. (2005). Genotype × environment interactions for a diverse set of sweetpotato clones evaluated across varying ecogeographic conditions in Peru. Crop Science 45, 21602171.
Grüneberg, W. J., Ma, D., Mwanga, R. O. M., Carey, E. E., Huamani, K., Diaz, F., Eyzaguirre, R., Guaf, E., Jusuf, M., Karuniawan, A., Tjintokohadi, K., Song, Y. S., Anil, S. R., Hossain, M., Rahaman, E., Attaluri, S. I., Somé, K., Afuape, S. O., Adofo, K., Lukonge, E., Karanja, L., Ndirigwe, J., Ssemakul, G., Agili, S., Randrianaivoarivony, J. M., Chiona, M., Chipungu, F., Laurie, S., Ricardo, J., Andrade, M., Rausch Fernandes, F., Mello, A. S., Khan, A., Labonte, D. R. & Yencho, G. C. (2015). Advances in sweetpotato breeding from 1992 to 2012. In Potato and Sweetpotato in Africa: Transforming the Value Chains for Food and Nutrition Security (Eds Low, J., Nyongesa, M., Quinn, S. & Parker, M.), pp. 368. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.
Henderson, S. A., Sitch, L. A., Macoo, P., Botão, M., Pequenino, F. & Whyte, J. (1997). Multilocation trials of sweetpotato varieties in Northern and Central Mozambique. Roots: Newsletter of the Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET) and the East Africa Root Crops Research Network (EARRNET) 4, 1.
INIA-IITA/SARRNET (2003). Cassava and Sweetpotato Production, Processing, and Marketing in Mozambique. Report of Survey Conducted in June-August 2002. Maputo, Mozambique: Relatório do Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronómica (INIA), Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network (SARRNET).
Manrique, K. & Hermann, M. (2000). Effect of G × E Interaction on root yield and beta-carotene content of selected sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas (L) Lam.) varieties and breeding clones. In Scientist and Farmer: Partners in Research for the 21st Century. CIP Program Report 1999–2000, pp. 281285. Lima, Peru: International Potato Center.
Nutrition Division In Department Of Community Health (2003). National Survey about Vitamin A Deficiency, Anaemia Prevalence, and Malaria in Children 6–59 months of Age and their Respective Mothers. Maputo, Mozambique: Ministry of Health.
Okonya, J. S. & Kroschel, J. (2014). Gender differences in access and use of selected productive resources among sweet potato farmers in Uganda. Agriculture & Food Security 3, 1. doi: 10.1186/2048-7010-3-1
Ripado, M. F. B. (1986). Os solos da Estacão Agraria do Umbelúzi. IIAM Communicacao. Maputo, Mozambique: Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Mozambique.
Rosielle, A. A. & Hamblin, J. (1981). Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non-stress environment. Crop Science 21, 943946.
SAS Institute Inc. (1997). SAS/STAT User's Guide, Release 6.12. Cary, North Carolina: SAS Institute, Inc.
UNICEF & The Micronutrient Initiative (2004). Vitamin A and Mineral Deficiency: A Global Progress Report. Ottawa, Canada: The Micronutrient Initiative.
WHO (2009). Global Prevalence of Vitamin A Deficiency in Populations at Risk 1995–2005. WHO Global Database on Vitamin A Deficiency. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
World Bank (2009). World Development Indicators. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Woolfe, J. A. (1991). Sweet Potato. An Untapped Food Resource. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Wricke, G. (1962). On a method of understanding the biological diversity in field research. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzüchtung 47, 9296.
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Andrade supplementary material
Table S1 and Figure S1

 Word (10.9 MB)
10.9 MB

Release of orange-fleshed sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas [l.] Lam.) cultivars in Mozambique through an accelerated breeding scheme

  • M. I. ANDRADE (a1), J. RICARDO (a2), A. NAICO (a1), A. ALVARO (a3), G. S. MAKUNDE (a1), J. LOW (a4), R. ORTIZ (a5) and W. J. GRÜNEBERG (a6)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed