Skip to main content Accessibility help

The metabolism of fowl sperm in different diluents

  • A. van Tienhoven (a1)


Dilution of fowl semen with phosphate or saline diluents depressed respiration, while dilution with seminal plasma did not affect respiration. Dilution with Tyrode solution resembled dilution with seminal plasma with respect to respiration. The effect of Tyrode solution seemed to be mainly due to its NaHCO3 content.

The effect of Ca, Mg and K ions depended on the anions in the diluents. Phosphate depressed respiration and glycolysis when it replaced saline in the Tyrode diluent.

Dilution did not consistently increase respiration and in most cases depressed respiration.

Fowl sperm preferentially utilized glucose when glucose and fructose were initially present in equal concentration in the diluent. The sperm metabolize glucose at a faster rate than fructose. No evidence was found for the formation of glucose from fructose under our experimental conditions.

Initial respiration and glycolysis of fowl semen was depressed by the addition of glycine to the Tyrode diluent. However, the glycine addition resulted in a less sharp decrease in the hourly respiration rate.



Hide All
Allen, T. E. & Bobr, L. W. (1955). Poult. Sci. 34, 1167.
Bade, M., Wiegers, H. & Nelson, L. (1956). J. Appl. Physiol. 9, 91.
Barker, S. B. & Summerson, W. B. (1941). J. Biol. Chem. 138, 535.
Bishop, M. W. H. & Salisbury, G. W. (1955 a). Amer. J. Physiol. 180, 107.
Bishop, M. W. H. & Salisbury, G. W. (1955 b). Amer. J. Physiol. 181, 114.
Blackshaw, A. W. & Salisbury, G. W. (1957). J. Dairy Sci. 40, 1093.
Bogdonoff, P. D. Jr. & Shaffner, C. S. (1954). Poult. Sci. 33, 665.
Burrows, W. H. & Quin, J. P. (1937). Poult. Sci. 16, 19.
Flipse, R. J. (1956). Science, 124, 228.
Flipse, R. J. & Almquist, J. O. (1956). J. Dairy Sci. 39, 1690.
Flipse, R. J. & Almquist, J. O. (1958). J. Dairy Sci. 41, 1787.
Flipse, R. J. & Benson, A. A. (1957). Exp. Cell Res. 13, 611.
Horvath, S. M. & Knehr, C. A. (1941). J. Biol. Chem. 140, 869.
Khodt, C. B. & Salisbury, G. W. (1946). J. Dairy sci. 29, 285.
Kosin, I. L. (1944). Physiol. Zoöl. 17, 289.
Lake, P. E., Butler, E. J., McCallum, J. & MacIntyre, I. J. (1958). Quart. J. Exp. Physiol. 309.
Lardy, H. A. (1952). In Studies on Testis and Ovary, Eggs and Sperm, Engle, E. T. (ed.), p. 111. Springfield, Illinois: Thomas.
Lardy, H. A. & Phillips, P. H. (1943). Amer. Physiol. 138, 741.
Lobenz, F. W. (1958). Nature, Lond., 182, 397.
Lorenz, F. W. & Tyler, A. (1951). Proc. Soc. Biol, N.Y., 78, 57.
Mann, T. & White, I. G. (1957). Biochem. J. 634.
Polge, C. (1951). Proc. IXth World's Poultry Congr. (3) 11.
Roe, J. H. (1934). J. Biol. Ghem. 107, 15.
Roy, A. & Bishop, M. W. H. (1954). Nature, Lond., 174, 746.
Salisbury, G. W., Beck, G. H., Elliott, I. & Willett, E. L. (1943). J. Dairy Sci. 26, 69.
Salisbury, G. W. & Nakabayashi, N. T. (1957). J. Exp. Biol. 34, 52.
Snedecor, G. W. (1956). Statistical Methods, 5th ed.Iowa State College Press: Ames, Iowa.
Tyler, A. & Atkinson, E. (1950). Science, 112, 783.
Tylee, A. & Rothschild, Lord (1951). Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol., N.Y., 76, 52.
Umbreit, W. W., Burris, R. H. & Stauffer, J. F. (1957). Manometric Techniques. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Co.
van Tbenhoven, A., Salisbuby, G. W., Van Denmark, N. L. & Hansen, R. G. (1952). J. Dairy Sci. 35, 637.
Wales, R. G. & White, I. G. (1958). Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 2, 177.
White, I. G. (1956). J. Exp. Biol. 33, 422.
White, I. G. (1957). Amer. J. Physiol. 189, 307.
Wilcox, F. H. & Shaffner, C. S. (1957). J. Appl. Physiol. 11, 429.
Wilcox, F. H. & Shaffner, C. S. (1958). Poultry Sci. 37, 1353.
Wilcox, F. H. & Shorb, M. S. (1958). Amer. J. Vet. Res. 19, 945.
Winberg, H. (1940). Ark. Zool. 32 (7), 1.

The metabolism of fowl sperm in different diluents

  • A. van Tienhoven (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed