Skip to main content Accessibility help

Growth, development and yield of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) in response to soil moisture

  • S. T. Collinson (a1), S. N. Azam-Ali (a1), K. M. Chavula (a1) and D. A. Hodson (a1)


Stands of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde.) were grown in five controlledenvironment glasshouses at the Tropical Crops Research Unit, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, in 1990. Five soil moisture regimes were imposed (one per house), from fully irrigated each week (treatment A), to no irrigation after crop establishment at 35 days after sowing (DAS) (treatment E). Decreasing the amount of water applied resulted in a decline in total dry matter production and harvest index, and a reduction in pod yield from 412 (treatment B) to 0·041 ha-1 (treatment E) at 125 DAS. A maximum leaf area index of 5–4 was achieved by treatments B and C at 90 DAS, resulting in a fractional interception of c. 0·8 of incoming radiation. Total accumulated radiation interception values were 749, 693, 688, 618 and 554 MJ m-2 for treatments A, B, C, D and E, respectively. The efficiency of conversion of the radiation intercepted into dry matter was reduced from 1·41 to 0·50 g MJ-1 by drought.



Hide All
Ameyaw, C. E. G. & Doku, E. V. (1983). Effects of soil moisture stress on the reproductive efficiency and yield of the bambara groundnut (Voandzeiasubterranea). Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin 28, 2329.
Appa Rao, S., Mazhani, L. M. & Attere, A. F. (1986). Collecting in Botswana. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 68, 2728.
Aykroyd, W. R., Doughty, J. & Walker, A. (1982). Legumes in Human Nutrition. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 20. Rome: FAO.
Babiker, A. M. A. (1989). Growth, dry matter and yield of bambara groundnut(Vigna subterranea) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) under irrigated and droughted conditions. MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Begemann, F. (1988). Ecogeographic differentiation of bambarra groundnut (Vigna subterranea) in the collection of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Giessen: Wissenschaftlicher Fachverlag.
Brooks, C. B., Dadson, R. B. & Green, B. M. (1988). Evaluation of symbiotic effectiveness of elite and wild strains of Bradyrhiiobium on cultivars of Voandzeia subterranea (L.) Thouars. Tropical Agriculture 65, 6163.
Brough, S. H. & Azam-Ali, S. N. (1992). The effect of soil moisture on the proximate composition of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 60, 197203.
Brown, E. J. (1991). Water relations and drought resistance of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde). MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Chavula, K. M. (1991). Growth, light interception and yield ofbambara nut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde.) in response to soil moisture. MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Cooper, P. J. M., Gregory, P. J., Tully, D. & Harris, H. C. (1987). Improving water useefficiency of annual crops in the rainfed farming systems of West Asia and North Africa. Experimental Agriculture 23, 113158.
Coudert, M. J. (1984). Market openings in West Africa for cowpeas and bambara groundnuts. International Trade Forum 20, 1429.
Deshpande, S. S. & Damodaran, S. (1990). Food legumes: chemistry and technology. Advances in Cereal Science and Technology X, 147241.
Doku, E. V. & Karikari, S. K. (1970). Fruit development in bambarra groundnut (Voandzeia subterranea). Annals of Botany 34, 951956.
Fasheun, A. & Dennett, M. D. (1982). Interception of radiation and growth efficiency in field beans (Viciafaba L.). Agricultural Meteorology 26, 221229.
Harris, D. & Azam-Ali, S. N. (1993). Implications of daylength sensitivity in bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) for production in Botswana. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 120, 7578.
Johnson, D. T. (1968). The bambara groundnut, a review. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal 65, 14.
Karim, M. F. (1990). Growth, development and light interception ofbambara nut and groundnut in relation to soil moisture. MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Linnemann, A. R. (1990). Cultivation ofbambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde.) in Western Province, Zambia. Report of a field study. Tropical Crops Communication 15.
Linnemann, A. R. (1991). Preliminary observations on photoperiod regulation of phenological development in bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea). Field Crops Research 26, 295304.
Matthews, R. B., Harris, D., Williams, J. H. & Nageswara Rao, R. C. (1988). The physiological basis for yield differences between four genotypes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) in response to drought. II. Solar radiation interception and leaf movement. Experimental Agriculture 24, 203213.
Minchin, F. R., Summerfield, R. J., Eaglesham, A. R. J. & Stewart, K. A. (1978). Effects of short-term waterlogging on growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 90, 355366.
Monteith, J. L., Marshall, B., Saffell, R. A., Clarke, D., Gallagher, J. N., Gregory, P. J., Ong, C. K., Squire, G. R. & Terry, A. (1983). Environmental control of a glasshouse suite for crop physiology. Journal of Experimental Botany 34, 309321.
Muriuki, A. W. (1990). Plant water relations ofbambara nut (Vigna subterranea L.) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Nuer, D. G. (1989). Light interception and dry matter production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea). MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Nyamudeza, P. (1989). Crop water use and the root systems ofbambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde.) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea (L.)) in response to irrigation and drought. MSc thesis, University of Nottingham, UK.
Poulter, N. H. & Caygill, J. C. (1980). Vegetable milk processing and rehydration characteristics of bambara groundnut (Voandzeia subterranea (L.) Thouars). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 31, 11581163.
Rachie, K. O. (1974). Secondary food legumes. In Guide for Field Crops in the Tropics and Subtropics (Ed. Litzenburger, S. C.), pp. 162169. Washington, USA: Agency for International Development.
Sellschop, J. P. F. (1962). Cowpeas, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Field Crop Abstracts 15, 259266.
Shackel, K. A. & Hall, A. E. (1979). Reversible leaflet movements in relation to drought adaptation of cowpeas, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 6, 265276.
Simmonds, L. P. & Williams, J. H. (1989). Population, water use and growth of groundnut maintained on stored water. II. Transpiration and evaporation from soil. Experimental Agriculture 25, 6375.
Squire, G. R. (1990). The Physiology of Tropical Crop Production. Wallingford: CAB International.
Stanton, W. R., Doughty, J., Orraca-Tetteh, R. & Steele, W. (1966). Voandzeia subterranea. In Grain Legumes in Africa, pp. 128133. Rome: FAO.
Stoskopf, N. C. (1985). Cereal Grain Crops. Virginia: Reston Publishing Co.
Tanner, C. B. & Sinclair, T. R. (1983). Efficient water use in crop production: research or re-search? In Limitations to Efficient Water Use in Crop Production (Eds Taylor, H. M., Jordan, W. R. & Sinclair, T. R.), pp. 127. Madison Wisconsin: ASA, CSSA, SSSA.
Tennant, D. (1975). A test of a modified line intersect method of estimating root length. Journal of Ecology 63, 9951001.
Vietmeyer, N. D. (1986). Lesser-known plants of potential use in agriculture and forestry. Science 232, 13791384.
Wien, C., Lal, R. & Pulver, E. L. (1979). Effects of transient flooding on growth and yield of some tropical crops. In Soil Physical Properties and Crop Production in the Tropics (Eds Lal, R. & Greenland, D. J.), pp. 235245. New York: Wiley Interscience.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed