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Expression of Suaeda salsa glutathione S-transferase in transgenic rice resulted in a different level of abiotic stress resistance

  • F. ZHAO (a1) and H. ZHANG (a2)

Abstract

Glutathione S-transferases (EC 2.5.1.18, GSTs) are a family of multifunctional enzymes that play important roles in oxidative stress resistance. In the present study, it was investigated whether expressing Suaeda salsa GST in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L. cv Zhonghua No.11) could confer resistance to abiotic stress. Several types of stress, including salt, paraquat and chilling were applied. It was shown that following paraquat applications, the activity of GST, catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6) and superoxide dismutase (SOD, EC 1.15.1.1) increased significantly in the GST transgenic plants compared with non-transgenics. Following NaCl and chilling stresses, only SOD and CAT activities increased markedly in the transgenics and there were no significant differences in GST expression between transgenics and non-transgenics. Moreover, in stressed plants, the generation of H2O2 and Malon dialdehyde decreased more in the transgenics than in non-transgenics. These results imply that expression of the Suaeda salsa GST in transgenic rice could enhance abiotic stress tolerance and the antioxidant enzymes of the active oxygen-scavenging system might play integral roles in the protection of plants from oxidative stress.

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Expression of Suaeda salsa glutathione S-transferase in transgenic rice resulted in a different level of abiotic stress resistance

  • F. ZHAO (a1) and H. ZHANG (a2)

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