Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effects of seed advancement and sowing date on establishment, bolting and yield of sugarbeet

  • M. J. Durrant (a1), S. J. Mash (a1) and K. W. Jaggard (a1)

Summary

An advancing and devernalizing treatment for sugarbeet seed has been developed which, in England, allows sowing to be brought forward safely by c. 10 days to around 10 March. Experiments done each year from 1988 to 1991 were used to assess the value of this change. They showed that sugar yield increased by 0·048 t/ha/day because seed advancement resulted in more rapid emergence, and by 0·042 t/ha/day as a result of earlier sowing. As an average of all appropriate data from experiments in England since the 1950s, the advantage of sowing in March is 0·035 t/ha/day. However, the actual change in sowing date which the farmer might achieve will depend on soil type and rainfall. Daily rainfall and evaporation data for eastern England in March and April were used to predict the number and distribution of available machinery work days. On this basis, the average sowing date was predicted to advance by 9 days. Thus the sugar yield improvement which could be produced by advancing and devernalizing beet seed is equivalent to 9 days at 0·035 t/ha/day, plus 0·19 t/ha, or c. 0·5 t/ha. In practice, this should translate into an increase of 0·35 t/ha, or c. 5% of the average yield.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Draycott, A. P., Webb, D. J. & Wright, E. M. (1973). The effect of time of sowing and harvesting on growth, yield and nitrogen fertilizer requirement of sugar beet. I. Yield and nitrogen uptake at harvest. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 81, 267275.
Durrant, M. J. (1988). A survey of seedling establishment in sugar-beet crops in 1980 and 1981. Annals of Applied Biology 113, 347355.
Durrant, M. J. & Jaggard, K. W. (1988). Sugar-beet seed advancement to increase establishment and decrease bolting. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 110, 367374.
Durrant, M. J. & Mash, S. J. (1990). Sugar-beet seed treatments and early sowing. Seed Science and Technology 18, 839850.
Durrant, M. J. & Mash, S. J. (1992). Interactions between seed treatments. Institute of Arable Crops Research Report for 1991, pp. 89.
Durrant, M. J., Dunning, R. A., Jaggard, K. W., Bugg, R. B. & Scott, R. K. (1988). A census of seedling establishment in sugar-beet crops. Annals of Applied Biology 113, 327345.
Gummerson, R. J. (1986). The effect of constant temperatures and osmotic potentials on the germination of sugar beet. Journal of Experimental Botany 37, 729741.
Holmes, J. C. & Adams, S. N. (1966). The effect of sowing date, harvest date and fertilizer rate on sugar beet. Experimental Husbandry 14, 6574.
Hornsey, K. G. & Arnold, M. H. (1979). The origins of weed beet. Annals of Applied Biology 92, 279285.
Hull, R. & Webb, D. J. (1970). The effect of sowing date and harvesting date on the yield of sugar beet. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 75, 223229.
Jaggard, K. W. (1979). The effect of plant distribution on yield of sugar beet. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Jaggard, K. W., Wickens, R., Webb, D. J. & Scott, R. K. (1983). Effects of sowing date on plant establishment and bolting and the influence of these factors on yields of sugar beet. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 101, 147161.
Longden, P. C. (1989). Effects of increasing weed-beet density on sugar-beet yield and quality. Annals of Applied Biology 114, 527532.
Prince, J. W. F. & Durrant, M. J. (1990). Progress in seed quality and seed treatments. British Sugar Beet Review 58 (4), 46.
Purvis, O. N. (1961). The physiological analysis of vernalisation. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology (Ed. Ruhland, W.), Vol. 16, pp. 76122. Berlin: Springer.
Scott, R. K. & Jaggard, K. W. (1992). Crop growth and weather: can yield forecasts be reliable? In Proceedings of the 55th Winter Congress of the Institut International de Recherches Betteravières, pp. 169187. Brussels: IIRB.
Scott, R. K., English, S. D., Wood, D. W. & Unsworth, M. H. (1973). The yield of sugar beet in relation to weather and length of growing season. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 81, 339347.
Steven, M. D., Biscoe, P. V., Jaggard, K. W. & Paruntu, J. (1986). Foliage cover and radiation interception. Field Crops Research 13, 7587.
Thomasson, A. J. (1982). Soil and climatic aspects of workability and trafficability. In Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the International Soil Tillage Research Organisation. Osijek, Yugoslavia: ISTRO.
Watson, D. J. (1956). Leaf growth in relation to crop yield. In The Growth of Leaves (Ed. Milthorpe, F. L.), pp. 178191. London: Butterworths.
Wind, G. P. (1976). Application of analog and numerical models to investigate the influence of drainage on workability in spring. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 24, 155172.

Effects of seed advancement and sowing date on establishment, bolting and yield of sugarbeet

  • M. J. Durrant (a1), S. J. Mash (a1) and K. W. Jaggard (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed