Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effects of autumn harvest date on the performance of white clover/grass mixtures in Nova Scotia

  • J. Fraser (a1), K. Sutherland (a1) and R. C. Martin (a1)

Summary

White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is well adapted to the cool moist climate of Atlantic Canada, where it improves digestibility and protein content in pastures, but little is known about its role in pasture stockpiled for autumn grazing in this region. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of autumn harvest dates on dry matter yield and clover content in herbage mixtures. Two experiments conducted in Nova Scotia between 1985 and 1991 on two different soil types showed that the effects of autumn harvest dates were inconsistent from year to year. Herbage growth rates ranged from 11 to 41 kg/ha per day between early September and mid-October. Clover content was generally lower in August–early September than in November harvests and declined in subsequent years irrespective of harvest date or forage species. Kersey White and Sonja white clovers were the highest yielding cultivars. Crude protein declined in late autumn harvests whereas acid detergent fibre tended to increase, and there were differences between years. Forage quality was significantly better in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) than orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.)/white clover mixtures.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alconero, R., Fiori, B. & Sherring, W. (1986). Relationships of virus infections to field performance of six clover species. Plant Disease 70, 119121.
Association Of Official Analytical Chemists (1984). Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 14th edn. (Ed. Williams, S.). Arlington, VA: AOAC.
Baker, M. J., Prigge, E. C. & Bryan, W. B. (1988). Herbage production from hay fields grazed by cattle in fall and spring. Journal of Production Agriculture 1, 275279.
Decker, A. M., MacDonald, H. A., Wakefield, R. C. & Jung, G. A. (1960). Cutting management of alfalfa and ladino clover in the Northeast. University of Rhode Island, Agricultural Experiment Station, Bulletin No. 356.
D'Souza, G. E., Maxwell, E. W., Bryan, W. B. & Prigge, E. C. (1990). Economic impacts of extended grazing systems. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 5, 120125.
Dzikowski, P. A., Kirby, G., Read, G. & Richards, W. G. (1984). The climate for agriculture in Atlantic Canada. Publication No. AC A 84–2–500. Agdex No. 070. Nova Scotia.Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture & Marketing, Truro, NS.
Frame, J. (1987). The role of white clover in United Kingdom pastures. Outlook on Agriculture 16, 2834.
Frame, J. & Newbould, P. (1986). Agronomy of white clover. Advances in Agronomy 40, 188.
Fraser, J. (1988). Seasonal yield changes in white clover varieties and ecotypes in Nova Scotia. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 110, 609617.
Fraser, J.Kunelius, H. T. (1989). Performance of white clover cultivars in mixtures with orchardgrass in Atlantic Canada. In Proceedings of the XVI International Grassland Congress (Ed. Desroches, R.), pp. 619620. Nice, France: Association Francaise pour la Production Fourragére.
Fraser, J. & Kunelius, H. T. (1993). Influence of seeding time on the yield of white clover/orchardgrass mixtures in Atlantic Canada. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 120, 197203.
Kunelius, H. T. (1988). Research on extended pasture systems in Atlantic Canada: Agronomy. In Proceedings of the Pasture Management Workshop, 03 1988, pp. 38. Truro, NS.
Kunelius, H. T. & Goit, J. B. (1982). Italian and Westerwolds ryegrasses, performance, management, and use. Publication No. 136. Agdex No. 127. Atlantic Advisory Committee on Forage Crops.
Kunelius, H. T. & Narasimhalu, P. R. (1993). Effect of autumn harvest date on herbage yield and composition of grasses and white clover. Field Crops Research 31, 341349.
National Institute Of Agricultural Botany (1985/1986). NIAB Recommended varieties of grasses and herbage legumes, 1986/1987. NIAB. Farmers' Leaflet No. 4, Cambridge, UK.
Parsons, A. J. (1988). The effects of season and management on the growth of grass swards. In The Grass Crop: the Physiological Basis of Production (Eds Jones, M. B.Lazenby, A.), pp. 129177. New York: Chapman and Hall.
Sas Institute Inc. (1985). SAS User' Guide: Statistics, Version 5 Edition. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Spedding, C. R. W. & Diekmahns, E. C. (Eds) (1972). Grasses and Legumes in British Agriculture. Farmham Royal: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
Sweeney, R. A. (1989). Generic combustion method for determination of crude protein in feeds: collaborative study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 72, 770774.
Thomas, W. G. & Goit, J. B. (1987). Seven months of pasture. Guide to an extended pasture system. Truro, Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and Marketing.
Wilman, D. & Griffiths, P. D. (1978). The effect of winter and early spring grazing by sheep on subsequent sward production. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 90, 471477.
Wood, G. M. & Sprague, M. A. (1952). Relation of organic food reserves to cold hardiness of Ladino clover. Agronomy Journal 44, 318325.

Effects of autumn harvest date on the performance of white clover/grass mixtures in Nova Scotia

  • J. Fraser (a1), K. Sutherland (a1) and R. C. Martin (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed