The habit of growth of pigeon-pea cultivars was greatly affected by environmental changes. The effect was greatest in the highest yielding cultivar, Pant A2, for the characters plant width, number of pods/main branch, number of pods/plant, grain yield and plant weight. In the late-sown crop the ‘vegetative sink’ was affected more than the ‘generative sink’. T21 was the outstanding yielder under late-sown conditions. It is suggested that a rotation of mungbean–pigeon pea–wheat can be grown in 1 year, with profitable returns.