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An analysis of primordium initiation in Avalon winter wheat crops with different sowing dates and at nine sites in England and Scotland

  • E. J. M. Kirby (a1), J. R. Porter (a2), W. Day (a3), Jill S. Adam (a2), Margaret Appleyard (a1), Sarah Ayling (a4), C. K. Baker (a5), R. K. Belford (a4), P. V. Biscoe (a6), Anne Chapman (a7), M. P. Fuller (a7), Janice Hampson (a8), R. K. M. Hay (a8), S. Matthews (a9), W. J. Thompson (a9), A. H. Weir, V. B. Anne Willington (a6) and D. W. Wood (a3)...


The initiation of leaf and spikelet primordia was studied at sites ranging in latitude from Newton Abbot (50·6°N) to Aberdeen (57·2°N) in crops sown in the middle of September, October and November 1983. The rate of primordium initiation tended to decrease from south to north but there were also marked differences between quite close sites.

The rate of leaf initiation increased with temperature but photoperiod had little effect; the rate of spikelet initiation was affected both by temperature and by photoperiod. There were differences in the total number of leaves initiated which were only partlyexplained by differences in vernalization.

Expressing leaf and spikelet initiation rates in terms of thermal and photo-thermal time respectively showed a constant rate of leaf initiation and a constant and more rapid rate of spikelet initiation.



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