Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78dcdb465f-2ktwh Total loading time: 0.349 Render date: 2021-04-17T22:04:06.910Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Time to move beef cattle to a new paddock: forage quality and grazing behaviour

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 March 2019

F. C. Leite De Oliveira
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering (FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
J. M. D. Sanchez
Affiliation:
Range Cattle Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Ona, 33865 FL, USA
J. M. B. Vendramini
Affiliation:
Range Cattle Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Ona, 33865 FL, USA
C. G. Lima
Affiliation:
Department of Basic Sciences, FZEA/USP, Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
P. H. C. Luz
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering (FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
C. O. Rocha
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering (FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
L. E. T. Pereira
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering (FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
V. R. Herling
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering (FZEA/USP), Pirassununga, 13635-900 SP, Brazil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Differences in forage nutritive value between morning and afternoon are related to patterns of dehydration and carbohydrate accumulation throughout the day. In this way, management strategies that maximize grazing time during the afternoon could increase forage nutritive value and consequently nutrient intake. The aim of the current experiment was to evaluate the effect of the time of day (06.00 h [designated AM] or 15.00 h [PM]) that cattle are moved to a new paddock on forage nutritive value, grazing behaviour and animal performance of beef cattle on rotationally stocked Marandu palisadegrass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu Syn. Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu) pastures. A spring and summer study was conducted in Pirassununga, SP, Brazil from October 2012 to March 2013 (182 days). Treatments were distributed in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Herbage mass, morphological composition, herbage allowance and stocking rates were similar between treatments during spring and summer. Moving animals to a new paddock, regardless of the time of day – 06.00 h (AM) or 15.00 h (PM) – stimulated grazing, modifying the distribution of meals throughout the day. However, compensatory mechanisms among grazing time, bite rate and forage nutritive value throughout the day operated in order to generate similar performance between animals offered a new paddock in the morning or in the afternoon.

Type
Animal Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Abrahamse, PA, Dijkstra, J, Vlaeminck, B and Tamminga, S (2008) Frequent allocation of rotationally grazed dairy cows changes grazing behavior and improves productivity. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 20332045.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Abrahamse, PA, Tamminga, S and Dijkstra, J (2009) Effect of daily movement of dairy cattle to fresh grass in morning or afternoon on intake, grazing behaviour, rumen fermentation and milk production. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 147, 721730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
AOAC (2012) Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 19th Edn. Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA: AOAC International.Google Scholar
Burns, JC, Mayland, HF and Fischer, DS (2005) Dry matter intake and digestion of alfalfa harvested at sunset and sunrise. Journal of Animal Science 83, 262270.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Caminha, FO, Silva, SC, Paiva, AJ, Pereira, LET, Mesquita, P and Guarda, VD (2010) Stability of tiller population of continuously stocked Marandu palisadegrass fertilized with nitrogen. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 45, 213220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ciavarella, TA, Dove, H, Leury, BJ and Simpson, RJ (2000) Diet selection by sheep grazing Phalaris aquatica L. pastures of differing water-soluble carbohydrate content. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 51, 757764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Da Trindade, JK, da Silva, SC, de Souza Júnior, SJ, Giacomini, AA, Zeferino, CV, Guarda, VDA and Carvalho, PCF (2007) Morphological composition of the herbage consumed by beef cattle during the grazing down process of Marandu palisadegrass subjected to rotational strategies. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 42, 883890.Google Scholar
Da Trindade, JK, Carvalho, PCF, Neves, FP, Pinto, CE, Gonda, HL, Nadin, LB and Correia, LHS (2011) Potential of an acoustic method for quantifying the activities of grazing cattle. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 46, 965968.Google Scholar
Delagarde, R, Peyraud, JL, Delaby, L and Faverdin, P (2000) Vertical distribution of biomass, chemical composition and pepsin–cellulase digestibility in a perennial ryegrass sward: interaction with month of year, regrowth age and time of day. Animal Feed Science and Technology 84, 4968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Oliveira, LP, Paiva, A, Pereira, LET, Geremia, EV and da Silva, SC (2014) Morning and afternoon sampling and herbage chemical composition of rotationally stocked elephant grass cv. Napier. Tropical Grasslands – Forrajes Tropicales 2, 106107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Euclides, VPB, Macedo, MCM and Oliveira, MP (1992) Evaluation of different sampling methods for estimating forage nutritive value under grazing. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 21, 691702.Google Scholar
Euclides, VPB, Cardoso, EG, Macedo, MCM and Oliveira, MP (2000) Voluntary intake of Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk e Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu under grazing. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 29, 22002208.Google Scholar
Fischer, DS, Mayland, HF and Burns, JC (1999) Variation in ruminants’ preference for tall fescue hays cut either at sundown or at sunup. Journal of Animal Science 77, 762768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fischer, DS, Mayland, HF and Burns, JC (2002) Variation in ruminant preference for alfalfa hays cut at sunup and sundown. Crop Science 42, 231237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Giacomini, AA, da Silva, SC, Sarmento, DOL, Zeferino, CV, Souza Júnior, SJ, da Trindade, JK, del'Alamo Guarda, V and da Nascimento Júnior, D (2009) Growth of marandu palisadegrass subjected to strategies of intermittent stocking. Scientia Agricola 66, 733741.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gimenes, FMA, da Silva, SC, Fialho, CA, Gomes, MB, Berndt, A, Gerdes, L and Colozza, MT (2011) Weight gain and animal productivity on Marandu palisade grass under rotational stocking and nitrogen fertilization. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 46, 751759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregorini, P (2012) Diurnal grazing pattern: its physiological basis and strategic management. Animal Production Science 52, 416430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregorini, P, Eirin, M, Refi, R, Ursino, M, Ansin, OE and Gunter, SA (2006) Timing of herbage allocation in strip grazing: effects on grazing pattern and performance of beef heifers. Journal of Animal Science 84, 19431950.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gregorini, P, Gunter, SA, Masino, CA and Beck, PA (2007) Effects of ruminal fill on short-term herbage intake rate and grazing dynamics of beef heifers. Grass and Forage Science 62, 346354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Griggs, TC, MacAdam, JW, Mayland, HF and Burns, JC (2005) Nonstructural carbohydrate and digestibility patterns in orchardgrass swards during daily defoliation sequences initiated in evening and morning. Crop Science 45, 12951304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, MB (2000) Neutral Detergent-Soluble Carbohydrates: Nutritional Relevance and Analysis. A Laboratory Manual. University of Florida Extension Bulletin 339. Gainesville, FL, USA: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, University of Florida. Available online from: http://dairy.ifas.ufl.edu/other/files/Manual_-_Neutral_Detergent-Soluble_Carbohydrates_Nutritional_Relevance_and_Analysis.pdf (Accessed 17 January 2019).Google Scholar
Hall, MB (2003) Challenges with nonfiber carbohydrate methods. Journal of Animal Science 81, 32263232.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Herling, VR, Pedreira, CGS, Luz, PHC, Braga, GJ, Marchesin, WA, Macedo, FB and De Lima, CG (2011) Performance and productivity of Nellore steers on rotationally stocked palisadegrass (Brachiaria brizantha) pastures in response to herbage allowance. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 149, 761768.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodgson, JG (1990) Grazing Management: Science into Practice. Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman Scientific & Technical.Google Scholar
Hoogendoorn, CJ, Holmes, CW and Chu, ACP (1992) Some effects of herbage composition, as influenced by previous grazing management, on milk production by cows grazing on ryegrass/white clover pastures. 2. Milk production in late spring/summer: effects of grazing intensity during the preceding spring period. Grass and Forage Science 47, 316325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linnane, MI, Brereton, AJ and Giller, PS (2001) Seasonal changes in circadian grazing patterns of Kerry cows (Bos taurus) in semi-feral conditions in Killarney National Park, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 71, 277292.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Littell, RC, Henry, PR and Ammerman, CB (1998) Statistical analysis of repeated measures data using SAS procedures. Journal of Animal Science 76, 12161231.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mauricio, RM, Mould, FL, Dhanoa, MS, Owen, E, Channa, KS and Theodorou, MK (1999) Semi automated in vitro gas production technique for ruminant feedstuff evaluation. Animal Feed Science and Technology 79, 321330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mayland, HF, Shewmaker, GE, Harrison, PA and Chatterton, NJ (2000) Nonstructural carbohydrates in tall fescue cultivars: relationship to animal preference. Agronomy Journal 92, 12031206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mesquita, P, da Silva, SC, Paiva, AJ, Caminha, FO, Pereira, LET, Del'Alamo Guarda, V and do Nascimento Júnior, D (2010) Structural characteristics of Marandu palisadegrass canopy subjected to continuous stocking and contrasting rhythms of growth. Scientia Agricola 67, 2330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mezzalira, JC, Carvalho, PCF, Fonseca, L, Bremm, C, Reffatti, MV, Poli, CHEC and da Trindade, JK (2011) Methodological aspects of ingestive behavior of grazing cattle. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 40, 11141120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mott, GO and Lucas, HL (1952) The design, conduct, and interpretation of grazing trials on cultivated and improved pastures. In Proceedings of the 6 th International Grassland Congress. Hershey, PA, USA: Pennsylvania State College Press, pp. 13801385.Google Scholar
Nanamori, M, Shinano, T, Wasaki, J, Yamamura, T, Rao, IM and Osaki, M (2004) Low phosphorus tolerance mechanisms: phosphorus recycling and photosynthate partitioning in the tropical forage grass, Brachiaria hybrid cultivar mulato compared with rice. Plant Cell Physiology 45, 460469.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Orr, RJ, Penning, PD, Harvey, A and Champion, RA (1997) Diurnal patterns of intake rate by sheep grazing monocultures of ryegrass or white clover. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 52, 6577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Orr, RJ, Rutter, SM, Penning, PD and Rook, AJ (2001) Matching grass supply to grazing patterns for dairy cows. Grass and Forage Science 56, 352361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peel, MC, Finlayson, BL and McMahon, TA (2007) Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification. Hydrology Earth System Sciences 11, 16331644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pelletier, S, Tremblay, GF, Belanger, G, Bertrand, A, Castonguay, Y and Michaud, R (2010) Drying procedures affect nonstructural carbohydrates and other nutritive value attributes in forage samples. Animal Feed Science and Technology 157, 139150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sollenberger, LE and Burns, JC (2001) Canopy characteristics, ingestive behaviour, and herbage intake in cultivated tropical grasslands. In Gomide, JA, Mattos, WRS and da Silva, SC (eds), Proceedings of the 19th International Grassland Congress. São Pedro, Brazil: Brazilian Society of Animal Husbandry Press, pp. 321327.Google Scholar
Sollenberger, LE, Moore, JE, Allen, VG and Pedreira, CGS (2005) Reporting forage allowance in grazing experiments. Crop Science 45, 896900.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Theodorou, MK, Willians, BA, Dhanoa, MS, McAllan, AB and France, J (1994) A simple gas production method using a pressure transducer to determine the fermentation kinetics of ruminant feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology 48, 185197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trevaskis, LM, Fulkerson, WJ and Nandra, KS (2004) Effect of time of feeding carbohydrate supplements and pasture on production of dairy cows. Livestock Production Science 85, 275285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Soest, PJ, Robertson, JB and Lewis, BA (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74, 35833597.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wade, MH, Peyraud, JL, Comeron, EA and Lemaire, G (1995) The dynamics of daily milk production and the canopy height under paddock grazing conditions. Annales de Zootechnie 44, (Suppl. 1), 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilm, HG, Costello, DF and Klipple, GE (1944) Estimating forage yield by the double-sampling methods. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy 36, 194203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 24
Total number of PDF views: 102 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 27th March 2019 - 17th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Time to move beef cattle to a new paddock: forage quality and grazing behaviour
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Time to move beef cattle to a new paddock: forage quality and grazing behaviour
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Time to move beef cattle to a new paddock: forage quality and grazing behaviour
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *