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The evaluation of dual-purpose groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) varieties for fodder and seed production at Shika, Nigeria

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 March 2001

A. T. OMOKANYE
Affiliation:
National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria Present address: Centre for Farming Systems, University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury, Richmond Locked Bag No. 1, NSW 2753, Australia. Email: A.Omokanye@uws.edu.au
O. S. ONIFADE
Affiliation:
National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria
P. E. OLORUNJU
Affiliation:
Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1044, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria
A. M. ADAMU
Affiliation:
National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria
R. J. TANKO
Affiliation:
National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria
R. O. BALOGUN
Affiliation:
National Animal Production Research Institute, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Shika, Zaria, Nigeria

Abstract

At Shika in a subhumid environment of Nigeria, a 3-year study was carried out to select newly developed groundnut varieties for use in crop–livestock production systems. The study examined 11 groundnut varieties. Emergence time, plant stands at full emergence, forage and seed yields and yield components were examined. Whole plant samples were analysed for crude protein (CP) content. Varieties ICGV 87123 gave the lowest forage yield and cultivar M517-80I, the highest, with seven varieties recording forage yields above 5 t/ha. The CP content of forage was lowest (14·8%) for variety M576-80I and highest (21·6%) for variety M554-76. Mean seed yield (over 3 years) varied significantly from 0·73 to 1·68 t/ha. Only two varieties had mean seed yield >1 t/ha. The relationship between seed and forage yields was positive and significant (r = 0·529, P < 0·006). Varieties RMP 12, 88-80I and M517–80 were most promising for both forage and seed production.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2001 Cambridge University Press

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The evaluation of dual-purpose groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) varieties for fodder and seed production at Shika, Nigeria
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