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Effects of palm kernel cake (Elaeis guineensis) on intake, digestibility, performance, ingestive behaviour and carcass traits in Nellore bulls

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 January 2019

Claudia H. Cruz
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, 500 Adhemar de Barros Avenue, 40170110, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Thadeu M. Silva
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, 500 Adhemar de Barros Avenue, 40170110, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Nivaldo B. Santana Filho
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, 500 Adhemar de Barros Avenue, 40170110, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
André G. Leão
Affiliation:
Department of Agrarian and Technological Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Rodovia Rondonópolis-Guiratinga km 06 BR, Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brasil
Ossival L. Ribeiro
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Reconcavo of Bahia, 710, Rui Barbosa Avenue, 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brasil
Gleidson G. P. Carvalho
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Reconcavo of Bahia, 710, Rui Barbosa Avenue, 44380-000, Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brasil
Leilson R. Bezerra
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Piaui, Rodovia Bom Jesus-Viana, km 135, 64900000, Bom Jesus, Piaui, Brazil
Ronaldo L. Oliveira
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, 500 Adhemar de Barros Avenue, 40170110, Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The objective of the current experiment was to determine the effects of increasing levels of palm kernel cake in a finishing diet on feed intake, digestibility, performance, ingestive behaviour and carcass traits in zebu bulls. Thirty-two Nellore bulls (420 ± 25.0 kg initial body weight [BW] and 24-months-old), were assigned randomly to individual pens with four treatments (0, 70, 140 and 210 g/kg of palm kernel cake by total dry matter [DM]) and eight replicates per treatment. The inclusion of palm kernel cake linearly decreased DM, crude protein and non-fibrous carbohydrate intake and increased ether extraction intake and digestibility. There was a linear decrease in final BW and hot carcass weight (HCW) associated with palm kernel cake inclusion in the bull diet. However, the gain : feed ratio was similar among the diets. Eating and rumination rates (g DM or neutral detergent fibre/h) were reduced, whereas the total chewing time and idling (min/day) were not affected by palm kernel cake inclusion. There were no effects of palm kernel cake inclusion on most quantitative carcass characteristics and qualitative carcass attributes (subcutaneous fat thickness, longissimus muscle area, colour, texture and marbling). The inclusion of palm kernel cake (up to 210 g/kg total DM) in beef cattle finishing diets decreased eating and rumination rates, thereby decreasing average daily gain and, consequently, final BW and HCW. However, qualitative carcass attributes were not affected by the use of palm kernel cake.

Type
Animal Research Paper
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019 

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Effects of palm kernel cake (Elaeis guineensis) on intake, digestibility, performance, ingestive behaviour and carcass traits in Nellore bulls
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