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Social Subsidies, Environmental Pollution, and Utilization of Agricultural Wastes: An Oregon Example*

  • Jagjit S. Brar (a1) and Frank S. Conklin (a2)

Extract

Increased public awareness in recent years regarding environmental pollution has generated concern over the disposal of household, commercial, industrial, animal, and agricultural wastes. In most cases, utilization of these wastes is not feasible because of high recovery costs. The substantial quantities involved often preclude disposal by landfills and their burning contributes to air pollution. One such case is the environmental pollution caused from disposal of grass seed residue by open field burning in Oregon.

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*

Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Paper No. 3593

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References

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[1]Baumol, William J. and Oats, Wallace E., “The Use of Standards and Prices for the Protection of Environment.Swedish Journal of Economics, Vol. 73, March 1971, pp. 4254.
[2]Baumol, William J., “On Taxation and the Control of Externalities.American Economic Review, Vol. 52, No. 3, June 1972, pp. 307323.
[3]Bonlie, Russell W. and Hudson, Arthur E.., “Reduction of Air Pollution by Mobile Field Incinerator.” A paper presented at the Annual Symposium on Thermal Agriculture, Dallas, Texas, Jan. 29, 1971.
[4]Boulding, Kenneth E., Economic Analysis, Vol. 1, Microeconomics, 4th edition, Harper and Row, New York, 1961, p. 720.
[5]Brar, Jagjit S.,“Costs of Alternative Pollution Control Policies Affecting Open Field Burning in the Willamette Valley of Oregon: A Study in Measurement,” unpublished PhD. thesis, Oregon State University, 1972, p. 118.
[6]Bublitz, W. J., “Pulping Characteristics of Oregon Seed Grass Residues: Preliminary Investigation of Annual Rye Grass Straw (Lolium multiflorum Lan.). Tappi, Vol. 53, No. 12, Dec. 1970, pp. 22912294.
[7]Conklin, Frank S., “Environmental Quality Problems: A Study of Field Burning in the Willamette Valley.” Oregon Agri. Exp. Stat. Tech. Paper 2921, July 1970.
[8]Conklin, Frank S. and Bradshaw, Carlyle R., “Farmer Alternatives to Open Field Burning.” Oregon Agri. Exp. Stat. Special Report 3 36, Oct. 1971.
[9]Conklin, Frank S., Page, Glen, Inoue, Michael, and Youngberg, Harold, “A Report of Research at Oregon State University Associated with Field Burning with Implications for Grass Residue Utilization in Japan.” A paper presented to Dr. Roy Young's Coordinating Committee Evaluating Japanese Market Potential for Grass Seed Residues. Oregon State University, May 1972.
[10]Guthrie, John A.; An Economic Analysis of the Pulp and Paper Industry. Washington State University Press, Pullman, 1972, p. 235.
[11]Hale, Carl W., “The Optimality of Local Subsidies in Regional Development Programs,The Quarterly Review of Economics and Business, Vol. 9, Autumn 1969, pp. 3551.
[12]Kneese, Allen V., “Background for the Economic Analysis of Environmental Pollution,Swedish Journal of Economics, Vol. 73, March 1971, pp. 124.
[13]Mass, Arthur, “Benefit-Cost Analysis: Its Relevance to Public Investment Evaluation,Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 80, No. 2, May 1966, pp. 208226.
[14]Mishan, E. J., “What is Producers' Surplus,American Economic Review, Vol.58, Dec. 1968, pp. 12691282.
[15]Moes, John E., Local Subsidies for Industry. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1962.
[16]Porfily, Lenard and Conklin, Frank S., “A Study of Technical and Economic Factors Surrounding Shipment of Grass Seed Residue to Japan,” Circular of Information 638, Agricultural Experiment Station, Oregon State University, March 1973, 28 p.
[17]Sandwell International, “Annual Ryegrass Seed Straw Utilization Study,” Report W3063/1, State Board of Higher Education, Corvallis, Oregon, Sept. 28, 1972, 24 p.
[18]Schmalensee, Richard, “Consumers' Surplus and Producers' Goods,American Economic Review, Vol. 61, Sept. 1971, pp. 682687.
[19]Vickrey, William, “The Possibilities of Air Pollution Control Through Various Forms of Effluent Change,Study of Social and Economic Effects of Changes in Air Quality,Air Resources Center, Oregon State University, Corvallis, June 1970, 87 p.

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