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Economic Implications of Alternative Cotton Production Practices: Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley

  • Glenn S. Collins (a1), Ronald D. Lacewell (a1) and John Norman (a2)

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Cotton producers in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of Texas face continuing economic pressures arising from increasing costs of productive inputs, yield-reducing infestations of insecticide-resistant pests, and often adverse climatic conditions. The input price increases in the LRGV are similar to those in other production regions of the U.S. However, insect problems arising from the LRGV climate are unique. LRGV farmers have been unable to control late-season tobacco bud-worm infestations which often reach damaging levels when beneficial insects are destroyed by insecticide treatments for boll weevils [3]. These late-season insect infestations are a result of the predominantly excessive rainfalls which occur during the harvest months of August and September. Moreover, high rainfall during harvest reduces both the quality and level of cotton yields [1].

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[1] Gerald, C. J., Hipp, B. W., and Reeves, S. A.. “Yields, Growth, and Management Requirements of Selected Crops as Influenced by Soil Properties,” Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, B-1172, January 1977, pp. 67.
[2] Larson, James L., Lacewell, Ronald D., Casey, James E. Namken, L. N. Heilman, M. D., and Parker, Ray D.. “Impact of Short-Season Cotton Production on Producer Returns, Insecticide Use and Energy Consumption—Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas,” Texas Agricultural Experiment Station MP-1204, June 1975.
[3] Namken, L. N. and Heilman, M. D.. “Determinate Cotton Cultivers for More Efficient Cotton Production in the Lower Rio Grande Valley,” Agronomy Journal, Volume 65, 1973, pp. 953956.
[4] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. “Climatological Data: Texas,” Environmental Data Service, National Climatic Center, Asheville, North Carolina, 1972-1975.
[5] Sprott, M. S., Lacewell, R. D. Niles, G. A. Walker, J. K., and Gannaway, J. R.. “Agronomic, Economic, Energy and Environmental Implications of Short-Season, Narrow-Row Cotton Production,” Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, MP-1250C, February 1976.
[6] Walker, Rodney L., and Kletke, Darrel D.. “The Application and Use of the Oklahoma State University Crop and Livestock Budget Generator,” Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, Research Report P-663, July 1972.
[7] Texas Agricultural Extension Service. “Texas Crop Budgets,” Texas A&M University, MP-1024, 1978.
[8] The Dallas Morning News, “Texas Almanac,” A. H. Bale Corporation, 1976-1977.

Economic Implications of Alternative Cotton Production Practices: Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley

  • Glenn S. Collins (a1), Ronald D. Lacewell (a1) and John Norman (a2)

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