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The Determinants of Food Stamp Program Participation

  • J. E. Epperson (a1), C. L. Huang (a1), S. M. Fletcher (a1) and W. K. Scearce (a2)


The Food Stamp Act of 1964 (with subsequent amendments) charges the U.S. Department of Agriculture with extending the benefits of the program to all households willing and eligible to participate. This duty was reinforced by a federal court ruling in 1975 (Beckel and MacDonald; Bennett et al. vs. Butz et al.).

Because of the importance of the Food Stamp Program (FSP), numerous studies have been conducted to gauge its intended effectiveness. Areas of study have included nutritional benefits of the program, impact on food expenditures, identification of ways to improve the rate of program participation, and identification of socioeconomic characteristics that may be important indicators of participation or nonparticipation in the program (for example, see Davis and Neenan; Lane; Neenan and Davis 1977, 1978; Salathe; Scearce et al.; Smith and Rowe; West; USDA, 1976, 1978).



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Amemiya, T.Qualitative Response Models.Ann. Econ. Soc. Meas. 4(1975):363–72.
Beckel, G. and MacDonald, M.. “Participation Rates in the Food Stamp Program: Estimated Levels, by State,” Dis. Pap. 253-75. Madison, Wisconsin: Institute for Research on Poverty, 1975.
Bennett, al. vs. Butz, E. al. United States District Court, D. Minnesota, Fourth Division, Federal Supplement, Vol. 386, West Publishing Company, 1974.
Davis, C. G. and Neenan, P. H.. “Impact of Food Stamp and Nutrition Education Programs on Food Group Expenditure and Nutrient Intake of Low Income Households.S. J. Agr. Econ. 11(1979):1219.
Deyak, Timothy A. and Smith, V. Kerry. “Congestion and Participation in Outdoor Recreation: A Household Production Function Approach.Paper presented at Winter Meetings of Econometric Society, Dallas, Texas, Dec. 1975.
Faulkinberry, Patricia. “Federal Food Dollars Go South.” Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Econ. Rev. 62(1977):135–41.
Finney, D. J.Probit Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
Goldberger, A. S.Econometric Theory. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1964.
Kinnucan, Henry and Sexauer, Benjamin. “The Demand for Home-Produced Food by Rural Families.Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 60(1978):338–44.
Lane, S.Food Distribution and Food Stamp Program Effects on Food Consumption and Nutritional ‘Achievement’ of Low Income Persons in Kern County, California.Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 60(1978):108–16.
McFadden, D.Conditional Logit Analysis of Qualitative Choice Behavior,” in Frontiers in Econometrics, Zarembka, P. ed. New York: Academic Press, 1974, p. 105-42.
McFadden, D.Quantal Choice Analysis: A Survey.” Ann. Econ. Soc. Meas. 5(1976):363–90.
Neenan, P. H. and Davis, C. G.. “Impact of the Food Stamp Program on Low Income Household Food Consumption in Rural Florida.S. J. Agr. Econ. 9(1977):8998.
Neenan, P. H. and Davis, C. G.. Impact of the Food Stamp and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Programs on Food Expenditure and Nutrient Intake of Low Income Rural Florida Households. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 805,1978.
Prochaska, Fred J. and Schrimper, R. A.. “Opportunity Cost of Time and Other Socioeconomic Effects on Away-From-Home Food Consumption.A mer. J. Agr. Econ. 55(1973):595603.
Salathe, Larry E.The Impact of the Food Stamp Program on Household Food Purchases.Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 61(1979):1143.
Scearce, W.Keith, J. Marshall Paxton, and Jensen, Robert B.. Food Stamps: A Study in Two Virginia Localities. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Agricultural Economics, 1975.
Smith, L. W. and Rowe, G.. Food Stamp Participation of Hired Farm Worker Families. AER-403. Washington, D.C: USDA ESCS, 1978.
Stucker, Thomas A. and Boehm, William T.. A Guide to Understanding the 1977 Food and Agricultural Legisbtion. Agr. Econ. Rep. 411, USDA, ESCS, Sept. 1978.
West, Donald A.Food Expenditures and the Food Stamp Program: Some Recent Evidence From the Consumer Expenditure Survey.Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 61(1979):1143.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Characteristics of Food Stamp Households. Food and Nutrition Service Rep. FNS-168, Sept. 1976.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Food Stamp Program: A Review of Selected Economic Studies. USDA ESCS 34, Sept. 1978.

The Determinants of Food Stamp Program Participation

  • J. E. Epperson (a1), C. L. Huang (a1), S. M. Fletcher (a1) and W. K. Scearce (a2)


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