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DECADAL CLIMATE VARIABILITY IMPACTS ON CLIMATE AND CROP YIELDS

  • THEEPAKORN JITHITIKULCHAI (a1), BRUCE A. MCCARL (a2) and XIMING WU (a2)

Abstract

This article examines the effects of ocean-related decadal climate variability (DCV) phenomena on climate and the effects of both climate shifts and independent DCV events on crop yields. We address three DCV phenomena: the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), the Tropical Atlantic Sea-Surface Temperature Gradient (TAG), and the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP). We estimate the joint effect of these DCV phenomena on the mean, variance, and skewness of crop yield distributions. We found regionally differentiated impacts of DCV phenomena on growing degree days, precipitation, and extreme weather events, which in turn alter distributions of U.S. regional crop yields.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author's e-mail: theepakorn@worldbank.org

Footnotes

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This research was funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Institute of Food and Agriculture under Grant 2011-67003-30213 in the NSF-USDA-DOE Earth System Modelling Program, and by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Climate Programs Office, Sectoral Applications Research Program under grant NA12OAR4310097. The views expressed in this article are only those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the grantors or any affiliated organizations.

Footnotes

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DECADAL CLIMATE VARIABILITY IMPACTS ON CLIMATE AND CROP YIELDS

  • THEEPAKORN JITHITIKULCHAI (a1), BRUCE A. MCCARL (a2) and XIMING WU (a2)

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