Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

NUOVI E VECCHI PARTITI DI ESTREMA DESTRA IN EUROPA

  • Piero Ignazi

Introduzione

I sistemi di partito dell'Europa occidentale stanno attraversando una fase di trasformazioni (Crewe and Denver 1985, Dalton, 1988, Dalton et al. 1984, Daalder e Mair 1983, Mair 1984, 1989a, 1989b, Wolinetz 1988). Questa trasformazione è individuabile a due diversi livelli di analisi, elettorale e partitico.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adorno, T.W. et. al. (1950), The Authoritarian Personality , New York, Harper and Row.
Andersen, J.G. (di prossima pubblicazione), Denmark. The Progress Party: Populist Neoliberalism and Welfare State Chauvinism , in Harmsworth, P. (a cura di), The Extreme right in Postwar Europe and USA.
Andersen, J.G. e Bjørklund, T. (1990), Structural Changes and New Cleavages: the Progress Parties in Denmark and Norway , in «Acta Sociologica», XXXIII, pp. 195217.
Bacalhau, M. (1989), Mobilidade e Transferéncia de voto attravés dos sondagens , in Coelho, M.B (a cura di) Portugal. O Sistema Polìtico o Costitutional 1974-1987 , Lisboa, Istituto de Ciencas Socias de Universidade de Lisboa, pp. 237256.
Bartolini, S. e Mair, P. (1990), Identity, Competition and Electoral Availability , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Bell, D. (1973), The Coming of Post-Industrial Societies , New York, Basic Books.
Bell, D. (1980), The Winding Passage , Cambridge Ma., ABT Books.
Betz, H.-G. (1990a), Political Conflict in the Postmodern Age: Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Europe , in «Current Politics and Economics of Europe», I, pp. 1127.
Betz, H.-G. (1990b), Politics of Resentment. Right-Wing Radicalism in west Germany , in «Comparative Politics», XXIII, pp. 4560.
von Beyme, K. (1985), Political Parties in Western Democracies , Aldershot, Gower.
von Beyme, K. (1988), Right-Wing Extremism in Post-War Europe , in «West European Politics», XI, pp. 118.
Bille, L. (1989), Denmark: The Oscillating Party System , in «West European politics», XII, pp. 4258.
Caciagli, M. (1988), The Movimento Sociale Italiano-Destra Nazionale and Neo-Fascism in Italy , in «West European Politics», XI, pp. 1933.
Charlot, M. (1986), L'Emergence du Front National , in «Revue Française de Science Politique», XXXVI, pp. 3045.
Childers, T. (1983), The Nazi Voter. The Social Foundation of Fascism in Germany 1919-1933 , London, Chapel Hill.
Church, C.H. (1989), Behind the Consociational Screen: Politics in Contemporary Switzerland , in «West European Politics», XII, pp. 3354.
Clogg, R. (1987), Parties and Election in Greece , London, C. Hurst and Co.
Cofrancesco, D. (1986), Fascismo: destra o sinistra? , in Bracher, K.D. e Valiani, L. (a cura di) Fascismo e nazionalsocialismo , Bologna, Il Mulino, pp. 55140.
Commission d'enquete sur la montée du fascism et du racisme en Europe (1985), Rapport sur les Resultats des Travaux , s.l., Parlement Européen.
Commission of the European Communities (1989), Eurobarometer , 32.
Costa Pinto, A. (1990), The Radical Right in Contemporary Portugal: An Introduction , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Crewe, I. e Denver, D.T (a cura di) (1985), Electoral Change in Western Democracies , New York, St. Martin's.
Curtis, M. (1985), Populismo: Destra o Sinistra? , in «Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica», XV, pp. 455466.
Daalder, H. e Mair, P. (a cura di) (1983), Western European Party Systems , Beverly Hills, Sage.
Dalton, R.J. (1988), Citizens Politics in Western Democracies , Chatham, Chatham House Publishers.
Dalton, R.J., Flanagan, S. e Beck, L. (a cura di) (1984), Electoral Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies , Princeton, Princeton University Press.
De Felice, R. (1969), Le interpretazioni del fascismo , Bari, Laterza.
De Felice, R. (1975), Intervista sul Fascismo , Bari, Laterza.
Del Boca, A. e Giovana, M. (1969), Fascism Today: A World Survey , New York, Pantheon.
Delwit, P. (1990), L'Emergence de l'Extreme Droite en Belgique , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Duverger, M. (1951), Les Partis Politiques , Paris, Armand Colin.
Falter, J.W. e Schumann, S. (1988), Affinity towards Right-Wing Extremism in Western Europe , in «West European Politics», XI, pp. 96100.
Ferraresi, F. (1988), Julius Evola: Tradition, Reaction and the Radical Right , in «European Journal of Sociology», XXVIII, pp. 107151.
Flanagan, S.C. (1987), Value Change in Industrial Society , in «American Political Science Review», LXXXI, pp. 13031319.
Flanagan, S.C. e Dalton, R.J. (1984), Parties under Stress: Realignment and Dealignment in Advanced Industrial Societies , in «West European Politics», VII, pp. 723.
Fuchs, D. e Klingemann, H.D (1989), The Left-Right Schema , in Jennings, M. K. et al., Continuities in Political Action , Berlin-New York, de Gruyter, pp. 203234.
Gaddi, G. (1974), Neofascismo in Europa , Milano, La Pietra.
Gallangher, M. (1985), Political Parties in the Republic of Ireland , Manchester, Manchester University Press.
Gallangher, T. (1989), Portugal , in «Electoral Studies», VIII, pp. 317321.
Gärtner, R. (1990), The Extreme Right in Austria and its Connections to the FPÖ , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Gentile, E. (1974), Le origini dell'ideologia fascista , Bari, Laterza.
Gentile, E. (1989), Storia del Partito Fascista. 1919-1922. Movimento e Milizia , Bari, Laterza.
Gibbins, J.R. (a cura di) (1989), Contemporary Political Culture , london, Sage.
Girvin, B. (a cura di) (1988a), The Transformation of Contemporary Conservatism , London, Sage.
Girvin, B. (a cura di) (1988b), Introduction: Varietes of Conservatism , in Girvin, B. (a cura di) The Trasformation of Contemporary Conservatism , London, Sage, pp. 112.
(Le) Groupe des Droites Européennes (s.d. ma 1986), Un Espoir pour l'Europe (opuscolo).
Guerin, D. (1956; ed. or. 1936), Fascismo e grande capitale , Milano, Schwartz.
Gunter, R., Sani, G. e Shabad, G. (1986), El Sistema de Partidos Politicos en España. Genesis y Evolución , Madrid, CIS.
Hagtvet, B. e Rokkan, S. (1980), The Conditions of Fascist Victory: Towards a Geoeconomic-Geopolitical Model for the Explanation of Violent Breakdowns of Competitive Mass Politics , in Larsen, S. U., Hagtvet, B. e Myklebust, J. P. (a cura di) Who Were the Fascists? , Bergen, Universitetsforlaget, pp. 131151.
Hamilton, R. (1983), Who voted for Hitler? , Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Harmel, R.H. e Robertson, J.D. (1985), Formation and Success of New Parties: A Cross-Analysis Survey , in «International Political Science Review», VI, pp. 101124.
Harding, S., Phillips, D. e Fogarty, M. (1988), Contrasting Values in Western Europe , London, Macmillan.
Heidar, K. (1989), Norway. Levels of Party Competition and System Change , in «West European Politics», XII, pp. 143156.
Henig, S. (a cura di) (1969), Political parties in the European Community , London, Allen und Unwin.
Huber, J.D. (1989), Values and Partisanship in Left-Right Orientations: Measuring Ideology , in «European Journal of Political Research», XVII, pp; 599621.
Husbands, C.T. (1981), Contemporary Right-Wing Extremism in Western European Democracies: A Review Article , in «European Journal of Political Research», IX, pp. 75100.
Husbands, C.T. (1983), Racial Exclusion and the City: The Urban Support of the National Front , London, Allen and Unwin.
Husbands, C.T. (1988), The Dynamic of Racial Expulsion: Racist Policy in Western Europe , in «European Journal of Political Research», XVI, pp. 701720.
Husbands, C.T. (1990), Aggregate-Data Analyses of Urban Racist Voting: Lessons and Experiences from France, the Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany and Switzerland , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Inglehart, R. (1977), The Silent Revolution , Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, R. (1984), The Changing Structure of Political Cleavages in Western Societies in Dalton, R. J., Flanagan, S. e Beck, L. (a cura di), Electoral Change in Advanced Economic Democracies , Princeton, Princeton University Press, pp. 2569.
Inglehart, R. (1987), Value Change in Industrial Society , in «American Political Science Review», LXXXI, pp. 12891303.
Inglehart, R. (1988), The Renaissance of Political Culture , in «American Political Science Review», LXXXII, pp. 12031230.
Inglehart, R. (1989a), Political Value Orientations , in Jennings, M. K. et al., Continuities in Political Action , Berlin-New York, de Gruyter, pp. 67102.
Inglehart, R. (1989b), Observations on Cultural Change and Postmodernism , in Gibbins, J.R (a cura di) Contemporary Political Culture , London, Sage, pp. 251256.
Ignazi, P. (1989a), La cultura politica del Movimento Sociale Italiano , in «Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica», XIX, pp. 431466.
Ignazi, P. (1989b), Il polo escluso. Profilo del Movimento Sociale Italiano , Bologna, Il Mulino.
Ignazi, P. (1989c), Un Nouvel Acteur Politique , in Mayer, N. e Perrineau, P. (a cura di) Le Front National à Decouvert , Paris, Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politique, pp. 6381.
Ignazi, P. (1990), MSI Values: European Trend or National Scpecificity? , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Kaase, M. (1988), Political Alienation and Protest , in Dogan, M. (a cura di) Comparing Pluralist Democracies. Strains on Legitimacy , Bulder, Co., Westview Press, pp. 114142.
Kaase, M. (1990a), Mass Participation , in Jennings, M. K. et al., Continuities in Political Action , Berlin, de Gruyter, pp. 2364.
Kaase, M. (1990b), Political Violence and the Democratic State , in «Scandinavian Political Studies», XIII, pp. 119.
Kater, M. (1983), The Nazi Party. A Social Profile of Members and Leaders 1919-1945 , Cambridge, Ma., Harvard University Press.
King, A. (1987), The New Right. Politics, Markets and Citizenship , Houndmills and London, Macmillan Education.
Kerchheimer, O. (1966a), The Vanishing Opposition , in Dahl, R. (a cura di) Political Opposition in Western Democracies , New Haven and London, Yale University Press, pp. 237259.
Kerchheimer, O. (1966b), The Transformation of the Western European Party Systems , in La Palombara, J. e Weiner, M. (a cura di) Political Parties and Politcal Development , Princeton, Princeton University Press, pp. 177200.
Kitshelt, H. (1989), The Logics of Party Formation , Ithaca, Cornell University Press.
Kühnl, R. (1973), Due forme di dominio borghese: liberalismo e fascismo , Milano, Feltrinelli.
Lafferty, W. (1989), The Political Transformation of a Social Democratic State: As the World Moves in, Norway Moves Right , in «West European Politics», XI, pp. 79100.
Lagrange, H. e Perrineau, P. (1989), La Syndrome Lepéniste , in Mayer, N. e Perrineau, P. (a cura di) Le Front National à Decouvert , Paris, Presses de la Fondation National des Sciences Politiques, pp. 223246.
Lane, J.E. e Ersson, S.O. (1987), Politics and Society in Western Europe , London, Sage.
Laver, M. e Schofield, N. (1990), Multiparty Government. The Politics of Coalition in Europe , Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Lawson, K. e Merkl, P. (1988a), Alternative Organizations: Environmental, Supplementary, Communitarian and Antiauthoritarian , in Lawson, K. e Merkl, P. (a cura di) When Parties Fail , Princeton, Princeton University Press, pp. 312.
Lawson, K. e Merkl, P. (a cura di) (1988b), When Parties Fail , Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Layton-Henry, Z. (1988), The Political Challenge of Migration for West European States , in «European Journal of Political Research», XVI, pp. 587595.
Lewis, D.S. (1987), Illusions of Grandeur. Mosley, Fascism and British Society, 1931-1981 , Manchester, Manchester University Press.
Lipset, S.M. (1960), Political Man , New York, Doubleday and Company.
Lipset, S.M. e Schneider, W. (1983), The Confidence Gap , New York, Free Press.
Lopez Nieto, L. (1988), Alianza Popular: Estructura y Evolución Electoral de un Partido Conservator (1976-1982) , Madrid, CIS.
Luther, K.R. (1988), The Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs: Protest Party or Governing Party? , in Kirchner, E.J (a cura di) Liberal Parties in Western Europe , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 213251.
Luther, K.R. (1989), Dimensions of Party System Change: The Case of Austria , in «West European Politics», XII, pp. 327.
Madeley, J. (1990), Norway's 1989 Election: the Path to Polarized Pluralism , in «West European Politics», XIII, pp. 287292.
Mair, P. (1984), Party Politics in Contemporary Europe: A Challenge to Party , in «West European Politics», VII, pp. 170183.
Mair, P. (1989a), The Problem of Party System Change , in «Journal of Theoretical Politics», I, pp. 251276.
Mair, P. (1989b), Continuity, Change and the Vulnerability of Party , in «West European Politics», XII, pp. 169186.
Mair, P. (1991), The Electoral Universe of Small Parties in Postwar Western Europe , in Müller-Rommel, F. e Pridham, G. (a cura di) Small Parties in Western Europe , London, Sage, pp. 4170.
Mayer, N. e Perrineau, P. (a cura di) (1989), Le Front National à Decouvert , Paris, Presses de la Fondation National de Sciences Politiques.
Mayer, N. e Perrineau, P. (1990), Why do they vote for the National Front? , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Merkl, P.H. (1988), Comparing Legitimacy and Values among Advanced Democratic Countries , in Dogan, M. (a cura di) Comparing Pluralist Dmocracies. Strains on Legitimacy , Boulder, Co., Westview Press, pp. 1964.
Minkenberg, M. (1990), The New Right in West Germany , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Minkenberg, M. e Inglehart, R. (1989), Neoconservatism and Value Change in the USA: Tendencies in the Mass Public of a Postindustrial Society , in Gibbins, (1989), pp. 81109.
Montero, J.R. (1987), Los Fracasos Politicos y Electorales de la Derecha Espanola: Alianza Popular, 1976-1986 , in «Revista Espanola de Investigaciones Sociológicas», IXL, pp. 743.
Montero, J.R. (1988), More Than Conservative, Less than Neoconservative: Alianza Popular in Spain , in Girvin, (1988a), pp. 145163.
Mosse, G. (1975), La nazionalizzazione delle masse , Bologna, Il Mulino.
Muhlberger, D. (1987), Germany , in Muhlberger, D. (a cura di) The Social Basis of European Fascist Movements , London, Croom Helm, pp. 40139.
Müller-Rommel, F. e Pridham, G. (a cura di) (1991), Small Parties in Western Europe , London, Sage.
Nie, N., Verba, S. e Petrocick, J. (1979), The Changing American Voter , Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Nolte, E. (1967), I tre volti del fascismo , Milano, Mondadori.
Noguera Pinto, J. (1989), A Dereita e o 25 de Abril Ideologia, Estrategía e Evolução Politíca , in Coelho, M.B (a cura di) Portugal. O Sistema Politico o Costitutional 1974-1987 , Lisboa, Istituto de Ciencas Socias de Universidade de Lisboa, pp. 193213.
O' Maolàin, C. (1987), The Radical Right: A World Directory , Harlow, Longman.
Oppenhuis, E. (1990), Extreme Right Voting in Germany, France and Italy , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Panebianco, A. (1988), Political Parties. Organization and Power , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Papadopulos, Y. (1988), Parties, the State and Society in Greece: Continuity whithin Change , in «West European Politics», XII, pp. 5571.
Payne, S.G. (1980), The Concept of Fascism , in Larsen, S.U., Hagtvet, B. e Mykelbust, J.P. (a cura di) Who Were the Fascists , Oslo, Universitetsforlaget, pp. 1425.
Pedersen, M. (1982), Towards a New Typology of Party Life-Spans and Minor Parties , in «Scandinavian Political Studies», V, pp. 116.
Pedersen, M. (1991), The Birth, Life and Death of Small parties in Danish Politics , in Müller-Rommel, F. e Pridham, G. (a cura di) Small Parties in Western Europe , London, Sage, pp. 95114.
Perrineau, P. (1988), Front National: l'Echo Politique de L'Anomie Urbaine , in La France en Politique , Paris, Fayard-L'Esprit-LeSeuil, pp. 2238.
Perrineau, P. (1989), Les Etapes d'un Implantantion Electorale (1972-1988) , in Mayer, N. e Perrineau, P. (a cura di) Le Front National à Decouvert , Paris, Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, pp. 3762.
Petersen, J. (1975), Elettorato a base sociale del fascismo italiano negli anni Venti , in «Studi Storici», XVI, pp. 627669.
Powell, G.B. (1937), The Competitive Consequences of Polarized Pluralism , in Holler, M.J (a cura di) The Logic of Multiparty Systems , Dordrecht, Martinus Nijoff, pp. 173189.
Reider, H.L. (1989), Party Decline in the West. A Skeptic's View , in «Journal of Theoretical Politics», III, pp. 325348.
Rokkan, S. (1970), Citizens, Election, Parties , Oslo, Universitetsforlaget.
Rose, R. e Mackie, T.T (1988), Do Parties Persist or Fail? The Big Trade-off Facing Organizations , in Lawson, K. e Merl, P.H. (a cura di) When Parties Fails , Princeton, Princeton University Press, pp. 533558.
Sani, G. e Sartori, G. (1983), Polarization, Fragmentation and Competition in Western Democracies , in Daalder, H. e Mair, P. (a cura di) Western European Party Systems , London, Sage, pp. 307340.
Sani, G. e Shabad, G. (1986), Adversario o Competitores? La Polarizacion del Electorado , in Linz, J. e Montero, J. (a cura di) Electores y Partidos en la España de los Años Ochanta , Madrid, Centro du Estudios Costitucionale, pp. 587624.
Sartori, G. (1969), From the Sociology of Politics to the Political Sociology , in Lipset, S.M (a cura di) Politics and the Social Sciences , New York, Oxford University Press.
Sartori, G. (1976), Parties and Party Systems , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Sartori, G. (1989), Videopolitica , in «Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica», XIX, pp. 185198.
Seferiades, S. (1986), Polarizzazione partitica e non-prorporzionalità elettorale in Grecia , in «Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica», XVI, pp. 401437.
Seiler, D.L. (1980), Partis et Familles Politiques , Paris, PUF.
Seiler, D.L. (1986), De la Comparaison des Partis Politiques , Paris, Economica.
Smith, G. (1987), Party and Protest: The Two Faces of Opposition in Western Europe , in Kolinsky, E. (a cura di) Opposition in Western Europe , London, Croom Helm, pp. 5576.
Smith, G. (1989), Politics in Western Europe , Aldershot, Gower.
Sternhell, Z. (1976), Fascist Ideology , in Laqueur, W. (a cura di) Fascism. A Reader's Guide , Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, pp. 315377.
Sternhell, Z. (1987), Ni Droite ni Gauche. L'Ideologie Fasciste en France , Paris, Editions Complexe.
Sternhell, Z. (1989), Naissance de l'Ideologie Fasciste , Paris, Fayard.
Stöss, R. (1988), The Problem of Right-Wing Extremism in West Germany , in «West European Politics», XI, pp. 3446.
Taguieff, P.A. (1985), Les Droites Radicales en France , in «Les Temps Modernes», XLI, pp. 17801842.
Taguieff, P.A. (1985), La Force du Préjugé , Paris, La Découverte.
Taguieff, P.A. (1989), Un Programme «Revolutionaire»? , in Mayer, N. and Perrineau, P. (a cura di) Le Front National à Decouvert , Paris, Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, pp. 195226.
Taylor, S. (1982), The National Front in English Politics , London, Macmillan.
Thurlow, R. (1987), Fascism in Britain: A History 1918-1985 , Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
Valen, H. (1990), The Storting Election of 1989. Polarization and Protest , in «Scandinavian Political Studies», XIII, pp. 277290.
Voerman, G. e Lucardie, P. (1990), The Extreme Right in the Netherlands: The Centrists and Their Radical Rivals , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Ysmal, C. (1989), Les Partis Politiques sous la V République , Paris, Montchrestien.
Ysmal, C. (1990a), Le Comportement Electoral des Français , Paris, La Decouverte.
Ysmal, C. (1990b), The Browing of Europe. Extreme Right Parties in the 1989 European Election , paper delivered at the APSA meeting, San Francisco.
Walker, M. (1977), The National Front , Glasgow, Fontana.
Westle, B. e Nidermayer, O. (1990), Contemporary Right-Wing Extremism in West Germany: «The Republicans» and their Electorate , paper delivered at the ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Bochum.
Widmaier, U. (1988), Tendencies toward an Erosion of Legitimacy , in Dogan, M. (a cura di) Comparing Pluralist Democraties. Strains on Legitimacy , Boulder, Co., Westview Press, pp. 143167.
Widmaier, U. (1990), Political Stability in OECD Nations , in «International Political Science Review», XI, pp. 219242.
Wolinetz, S. (a cura di) (1988), Parties and Party Systems in Liberal Democracies , New York and London, Routledge.
Wright, W. (1971), Compararative Party Models: Rational Efficient and Party Democracy , in Wright, W. (a cura di), A Comparative Study of Party Organization , Columbus, Merrill, pp. 1754.
Zunino, P.G. (1985), L'Ideologia del Fascismo , Bologna, Il Mulino.

NUOVI E VECCHI PARTITI DI ESTREMA DESTRA IN EUROPA

  • Piero Ignazi

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed