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  • Caoimhghin S Breathnach (a1)


William Sealy Gosset [1876-1937] was a brewer in Arthur Guinness and Co. Dublin from 1899 to 1935 when he moved to London. In 1907, writing under the nom de plume Student he published his paper on “the probable error of a mean” which was later developed by R A Fisher into Student's test of significance now in everyday use in biology and industry.



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1.Pearson, ES. Studies in the history of probability and statistics: XVII. Some reflections on the continuity in the development of mathematical statistics, 1885-1920. Biometrika 1967; 54: 341–55.
2.Irwin, JO, Gosset, WS. In: Kruskal, WH. Tanur, JM, editors. International encyclopaedia of statistics: vol 1. New York: The Free Press, 1978: 409–13.
3.Pearson, ES, Plackctt, RL, Barnard, GA. ‘Student’: a statistical biography of William Scaly Gosset. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990.
4.McMullen, L. Letters from WS Gosset to RA Fisher 1915-1936. Dublin: Arthur Guinness and Co., 1970.
5.Gosset, WS. On the error of counting with a haemocylometer. Biometrika 1907:5:351–64.
6.Gosset, WS. The probable error of a mean. Biometrika 1908; 6: 125.
7.Macdonell, WR. On criminal anthropometry and the identification of criminals. Biometrika 1902; 1: 177227.
8.Gosset, WS. Probable error of a correlation coefficient. Biometrika 1908; 6: 302–10.
9.Gosset, WS. “Student's” collected papers. Pearson, ES, Wishart, J, editors. London: University College, 1943: 81–9.
10.Box, EF. RA Fisher: the life of a scientist. London: Wiley, 1978: 71–5.
11.Fisher, RA. Frequency distribution of (he values of the correlation coefficient in samples from an indefinitely large population. Biometrika 1915; 10: 507–21.
12.Bartlett, MF, Fisher, RA. In: Kruskal, WH, Tanur, JM, editors. International encyclopedia of statistics; vol I. New York: The Free Press, 1975: 352–8.
13.Norton, B. Pearson, ES. A note on the background to, and referring of, RA Fisher's 1918 paper on “The correlation between relatives on the supposition of Mendelian inheritance”. Notes and Records Roy Soe 19761977; 31: 151–62.
14.Fisher, RA. The correlation between relatives on the supposition of Mendelian inheritance. Trans R Soc Edinburgh 1918; 52: 399433.
15.Fisher, RA. ’Student”. Annals of Eugenics 1939; 9: 19.



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