Skip to main content Accessibility help

Resolution of episode of major depressive disorder with emergence of Ganser syndrome symptoms

  • Dinesh K Arya (a1)


A 48 year old housewife, admitted with a diagnosis of major depressive episode suddenly developed Ganser syndrome during the course of her illness. This resulted in spontaneous resolution of symptoms of depression. The resolution of intrapsychic conflict as a result of development of Ganser syndrome which led to sudden remission of major depressive episode is discussed.



Hide All
1.Enoch, MD, Trethowan, WH. Uncommon psychiatric syndromes. London: John Wright & Sons, 1979.
2.Schorer, CE. The Ganser syndrome. Br J Criminology 1964; 5: 120–6.
3.Ganser, AJ. Uber einen eigenartijen hysterischen Dammerzustand. Archives Psychiatrica Nervenkr 1898; 30: 633–40.
4.Enoch, MD, Irving, G. The Ganser syndrome. Acta Psychiatr Scan 1962; 48: 213–22.
5.Tsoi, WF. The Ganser syndrome in Singapore: a report of 10 cases. Br J Psychiatry 1973; 123: 567–72.
6.Rieger, W, Billings, CK. Ganser's syndrome associated with litigation. Compr Psychiatry 1978; 19: 371–5.
7.Pope, HG, Jonas, JM, Jones, B. Factitious psychosis: phenomenology, family history and long term outcome of nine patients. Am J Psychiatry 1982; 139: 1480–3.
8.Knoblach, F. Ganser syndrome and DSM-III. Am J of Psychiatry 1986; 143: 393.
9.Weller, MPI. Hysterical behaviour in patriarchal communities: four cases, one with Ganser-like symptoms. Br J Psychiatry 1988; 152: 687–95.
10.American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 3rd ed rev. Washington DC: APA, 1987.
11.International Classification of Diseases. 10th ed. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1992.
12.Stern, ES, Whiles, WH. Three Ganser states and Hamlet. J Mental Science 1942; 88: 134–41.
13.Goldin, S, MacDonald, JE. The Ganser state. J Mental Science 1955; 101: 267–80.
14.Anderson, EW, Trethowan, WH, Kenna, JC. An experimental investigation of simulation and pseudodementia. Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand 1959; 34 (132): 542.
15.Whitlock, FA. The Ganser syndrome. Br J of Psychiatry 1967; 113: 1929.
16.Peszke, MA, Levin, GA. The Ganser syndrome: a diagnostic and etiological enigma. Conn Med 1987; 51: 7983.
17.Lieberman, M. The Ganser syndrome. Illinois Med J 1945; 88: 302–6.
18.Tyndal, M. Some aspects of the Ganser state. J Mental Science 1956; 102: 324–9.
19.Mayer-Gross, W, Slater, E, Roth, M. Clin Psychiatry. 2nd ed. London: Cassel, 1954.
20.Critchley, M. Psychiatric symptoms and parietal disease. Proc R Soc Medicine 1964; 57: 422–8.
21.Cocores, JA, Santa, WG, Patel, MD. The Ganser syndrome: evidence suggesting its classification as a dissociative disorder. Int J Psychiatry in Medicine 1984; 14:4756.
22.Carney, MWP, Chary, TKN, Robotis, P, Childs, A. Ganser syndrome and its management. Br J Psychiatry 1987; 151: 697700.
23.Singh, R. Experimental analysis of Ganser syndrome. Ind J Clin Psych 1977; 4: 1923.
24.Lishman, WA. Organic psychiatry: the psychological consequences of cerebral disorder. 2nd ed. London: Blackwell Scientific, 1987.
25.Friedman, AM, Kaplan, HI. Modern synopsis of comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1976.
26.Scott, PD. The Ganser syndrome. Br J of Criminology 1965; 5: 127–34.
27.Bromberg, W. The uses of psychiatry in the law. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1979.
28.Bromberg, W. The neglect of Ganser syndrome. Am J Psychiatry 1986; 143: 937–8.
29.Scott, PD. The Ganser syndrome: commentary. Br J Criminology 1964; 5: 127–34.
30.Arieti, S, Bemporard, JR. Rare, unclassifiable and collective psychiatric syndromes. In: Arieti, S, editor. American Handbook of Psychiatry 3. 2nd ed. New York: Basic Books, 1974.
31.Apter, A, Ratzoni, G, Iancu, I, et al.The Ganser syndrome in two adolescent brothers. J Acad Child Adolescent Psychiatry 32: 582–4.
32.Haddad, PM. Ganser syndrome followed by major depressive episode. Br J Psychiatry 1993;162:251–3.



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed