1.Rachbeisel, J, Scott, J, Dixon, L. (1999). Co-Occurring Severe Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders: A Review of Recent Research. Psychaitr Serv, Nov 1999; (50):11, 1427–1434.
2.Alonso, J, Angermeyer, M C, Bernert, Set al. (2004). Prevalence of mental disorders in Europe: results from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMeD) project. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2004: 109 (Suppl. 420): 21–27.
3.Grant, B F, Stinson, F S, Dawson, D A, et al (2004). Prevalence and co-occurrence of substance use disorders and independent mood and anxiety disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Arch Gen Psychiatry 61(8):807–816.
4.Hunt, G. E., Bergen, J, Bashir, M. (2002). Medication compliance and comorbid substance abuse in schizophrenia: impact on community survival 4 years after a relapse. Schizophrenia Research, 54, 253–264.
5.Scott, H, Johnson, S, Menezes, P, et al. (1998). Substance misuse and risk of aggression and offending among the severely mentally ill. Br J Psychiatry, 172, 345–350.
6.Appleby, L, Shaw, J, Amos, T, et al (1999) Suicide within 12 months of contact with mental health services: national clinical survey. BMJ, 318, 1235–1239.
7.Hoff, R. A., Rosenheck, R. A. (1999). The cost of treating substance abuse patients with and without comorbid psychiatric disorders. Psychiatr Serv, 50, 1309–1315.
8.Department of Health (2002). Mental health policy implementation guide. Department of Health, London, 27767.
9.Banerjee, S., Clancy, C. & Crome, I. (eds) (2002) Coexisting Problems of Mental Disorder and Substance Misuse (Dual Diagnosis): An Information Manual. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists Research Unit. www.rcpsych.ac.uk 10.A vision for change: Recommendations of the expert group on mental health policy. (2006). Health Research Board, Dublin, Ireland. www.ndc.hrb.ie
11.Ley, A., Jeffery, D, Ruix, J, et al. (2002). Under-detection of comorbid drug use at acute psychiatric admission. Psychiatr Bull (2002), 26, 248–251.
12.Weaver, T, Madden, P, Charles, V, et al. (2003). Comorbidity of substance misuse and mental illness in community mental health and substance misuse. Br J Psychiatry, 183, 304–313.
13.Beaurepaire, R, Lukasiewicz, M, Beauverie, et al. (2007). Comparison of self-reports and biological measures for alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs consumption in psychiatric inpatients. European psychiatry 22;540–548. Doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2007.05.001.
14.Dale, A.Huntley, B.S., Cho, Dong Won, et al. (1998). Predicting Length of Stay in an Acute Psychiatric Hospital. Psychiatr Serv 49:1049–1053, August 1998.
15.Barnaby, B, Drummond, C; McCloud, A, et al. (2003). Substance misuse in psychiatric inpatients: comparison of a screening questionnaire survey with case notes. BMJ 2003; 327:783–784.
16.Sinclair, J, Latifi, AH, Latifi, AW. (2008). Comorbid substance misuse in psychiatric patients: prevalence and association with length of inpatient stay. J of Psychopharmacology, vol. 22, No. 1, 92–99.
17.Bonsack, CT, Didier, C, Kaufmann, Net al. (2006). Prevalence of substance use in a Swiss psychiatric hospital: Interview reports and urine screening. Addictive Behaviors 31 (2006) 1252–1258.
18.Mangan, D, Reynolds, S, Fanagan, S and Long, J. (2007). Health-related consequences of problem alcohol use. Overview 6. Dublin: Health Research Board. www.hrb.ie 19.European commission, Eurobarometer272, Attitudes towards Alcohol Fieldwork October – November 2006, Publication March 2007. Special Eurobarometer 272b, http://ec.europa.eu
20.Hibell, B, Andersson, B, Bjarnasson, T, et al. (2004). ESPAD report: alcohol and other drug use among students in 30 European countries. Stockholm: The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs, CAN and the Council of Europe, Co-operation Group to Combat Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking in Drugs (Pompidou Group).
21.Daly, A, Walsh, D and Moran, R. (2007). Activities of Irish Psychiatric Units and Hospitals, 2006. Dublin: Health Research Board. www.hrb.ie.
22.Royal College of Physicians. (1987). A Great and Growing Evil: The medical consequences of Alcohol Abuse. London: Tavistock.
23.Royal College of Psychiatrists, U.K. (1995). The Psychological Care of Medical Patients: Recognition of Need and Service provision. London: Tavistock.
24.Dixit, A, Payne, A. Letter: Information on comorbid substance misuse in psychiatric inpatients. Ir J Psych Med 2008, 25(4):157–160.
25.Daly, A. Letter: ‘Information on comorbidity on inpatient admissions’. Ir J Psych Med 2009; 26(1):43–46.