Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The association between parental and adolescent substance misuse: findings from the Irish CASE study

  • Helen S. Keeley (a1) (a2), T. Mongwa (a1) and P. Corcoran (a2) (a3)

Abstract

Background

Self-report data from 2716 adolescents aged 15–17 years old in Irish schools were analysed to consider the association between psycho-social factors and the presence of adolescent substance and alcohol abuse, with an emphasis on family circumstances.

Methods

Data were collected using the ‘Lifestyle and Coping Questionnaire’ which includes questions about lifestyle, coping, problems, alcohol and drug use, deliberate self-harm, depression, anxiety, impulsivity and self-esteem. Two additional questions were added to the standard questionnaire regarding parental substance misuse.

Results

Adolescent substance abuse was more common in boys; parental substance misuse increased the risk of adolescent abuse of alcohol and drugs; the increased risk was marginally higher if the parental substance abuse was maternal rather than paternal; the increased risk was higher if the parental substance abuse affected both rather than one of the parents, especially regarding adolescent drug abuse; the magnitude of the increased risk was similar for boys and girls. Parental substance misuse increased the risk of adolescent substance abuse even after adjusting for other family problems and the adolescent’s psychological characteristics.

Conclusions

This study indicates that parental substance misuse affects the development of both alcohol and drug misuse in adolescent children independent of other family problems and the psychological characteristics of the adolescent. A wider perspective is needed, including societal and family issues, especially parental behaviour, when attempting to reduce risk of adolescent addiction. The impact on children of parental substance misuse also needs consideration in clinical contexts.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Address for correspondence: CAMHS, Health Service Executive, Cork, Ireland. (Email: helen.keeley1@hse.ie)

References

Hide All
Chassin, L, Pitts, SC, DeLucia, C, Todd, M (1999). A longitudinal study of children of alcoholics: predicting young adult substance use disorders, anxiety and depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 108, 106119.
Colvin, L, Payne, J, Parsons, D, Kurinczuk, JJ, Bower, C (2007). Alcohol consumption during pregnancy in nonindigenous west Australian women. Alcohol, Clinical and Experimental Research 31, 276284.
Cleaver, H, Unell, I, Aldgate, J (2011). Children’s Needs – Parenting Capacity. Child Abuse: Parental Mental Illness, Learning Disability, Substance Misuse and Domestic Violence, 2nd edn. The Stationary Office: London.
Department of Children and Youth Affairs (2014). Better Outcomes, Brighter Futures: The National Policy Framework for Children and Young People, 2014–2020. Stationary Office: Dublin. (http://www.comhairlenanog.ie/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/BetterOutcomesBetterFutureReport.pdf). Accessed 24 November 2014.
Haugland, SH, Holmen, TL, Ravndal, E, Bratberg, GH (2013). Parental alcohol misuse and hazardous drinking among offspring in a general teenage population: gender-specific findings from the Young-HUNT 3 study. BMC Public Health 13, 1140.
Hayes, L, Smart, D, Toumbourou, JW, Sanson, A (2004). Parenting Influences on Adolescent Alcohol Use (Research Report No. 10) Australian Institute of Family Studies: Melbourne, VIC.
Hibell, B, Guttormsson, U, Ahlstrom, S, Balakireva, O, Bjarnason, T, Kokkevi, A, Kraus, L (2012). The 2011 ESPAD report: substance use among students in 36 European countries. The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN); EMCDDA; Council of Europe, Stockholm.
Horgan, J (2011). Parental Substance Misuse: Addressing its Impact on Children - A Review of the Literature. National Advisory Committee on Drugs (NACD). (http://www.nacd.ie/index.php/publications/37-parental-substance-misuse-addressing-its-impact-on-children-a-review-of-the-literature.html). Accessed 19 November 2014.
Howard, J (1995). Client-oriented prevention strategies and programs: Pregnant women and their newborns. In Handbook on Drug Abuse Prevention: A Comprehensive strategy to prevent the abuse of alcohol and other drugs (ed. Coombs, R.H. and Ziedonis). Boston: Ally and Bacon.
Hutchinson, D, Mattick, R, Braunstein, R, Maloney, E, Wilson, J (2014). The impact of alcohol use disorders on family life: a review of the empirical literature NDARC Technical Report No. 325, Sydney, Australia.
Jacob, T, Leonard, KE (1994). Family and peer influences in the development of adolescent alcohol abuse. In Development of alcohol problems: Exploring the biopsychosocial matrix of risk (ed. R. Zucker, G. Boyd & J. Howard). NIAAA Monograph No. 26 (pp. 123-156). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Long, J, Mongan, D (2014). Alcohol Consumption in Ireland 2013: Analysis of a National Alcohol Diary Survey. Health Research Board: Dublin, Ireland.
Lieb, R, Merikangas, KR, Höfler, M, Pfister, H, Isensee, B, Wittchen, HU (2002). Parental alcohol use disorders and alcohol use and disorders in offspring: a community study. Psychological Medicine 32, 6378.
Madge, N, Hewitt, A, Hawton, K, de Wilde, EJ, Corcoran, P, Fekete, S, van Heeringen, K, De Leo, D, Ystgaard, M (2008). Deliberate self-harm within an international community sample of young people: findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study. Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry 49, 667677.
Mongan, D (2011). ISPCC survey of young people’s alcohol use. Drugnet Ireland 37, 7.
Morgan, K, McGee, H, Dicker, P, Brugha, R, Ward, M, Shelley, E, Van Lente, E, Harrington, J, Barry, M, Perry, I, Watson, D (2009). SLÁN 2007: Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition in Ireland. Alcohol use in Ireland: A Profile of Drinking Patterns and Alcohol-Related Harm from SLÁN 2007, Department of Health and Children. The Stationery Office: Dublin.
NACD (2006). Population Survey on the Prevalence of Drugs: Technical Report. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs; 2006.
NACD (2008). NACD Drug Prevalence Survey 2007/2007: Technical Report. Dublin: National Advisory Committee on Drugs; 2008.
O’Regan, M (2014). Survey: Irish teens are among top cocaine users in EU (http://www.independent.ie/irish-news/health/survey-irish-teens-are-among-top-cocaine-users-in-eu-30323452.html). Accessed 24 November 2014.
Peadon, E, Payne, J, Henley, N, D’Antoine, H, Bartu, A, O’Leary, C, Bower, C, Elliott, E (2011). Attitudes and behaviours predict women’s intention to drink alcohol during pregnancy: the challenge for health professionals. BMC Public Health 11, 584.
Plutchik, R, Van Praag, N (1989). The measure of suicidality, aggressivity and impulsivity. Progress in Neuron-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 13, S23S34.
Poon, E, Ellis, DA, Fitzgerald, HE, Zucker, RA (2000). Intellectual, cognitive, and academic performance among sons of alcoholics during the early school years: differences related to subtypes of familial alcoholism. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research 24 10201027.
Robson, P (1989). Development of a new self-report questionnaire to measure self-esteem. Psychological Medicine 19, 513518.
Rognmo, K, Torvik, FA, Ask, H, Røysamb, E, Tambs, K (2012). Paternal and maternal alcohol misuse and offspring mental distress in the general population: the Nord-Trøndelag health study. BMC Public Health 12, 448.
Savage, J (2009). The Development of Persistent Criminality. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Smyth, BP, Kelly, A, Cox, G (2011). Decline in age of drinking onset in Ireland, gender and per capita alcohol consumption. Alcohol & Alcoholism 46, 478484.
Sullivan, C, Arensman, A, Keeley, HS, Corcoran, P, Perry, IJ (2004). Young Peoples Mental Health; A report of the findings from the Lifestyle and Coping Survey. The National Suicide Research Foundation: Cork, Ireland.
Tarrant, RC, Younger, KM, Sheridan-Pereira, M, Kearney, JM (2011). Maternal health behaviours during pregnancy in an Irish obstetric population and associations with socio-demographic and infant characteristics. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 65, 470479.
UNICEF (2011). Change the future: Experiencing adolescence in contemporary Ireland. Alcohol and Drugs. (http://www.unicef.ie/Downloads/UNICEF_Change_the_Future_A5_Report-Alcohol__Drugs_Report-Web.pdf). Accessed September 2014.
White, D, Leach, C, Sims, R, Atkinson, M, Cottrell, D (1999). Validation of the Hospital Anxiety and depression scale (HADS) for use with adolescents. British Journal of Psychiatry 175, 452454.
Yule, AM, Wilens, TE, Martelon, MK, Simon, A, Biederman, J (2013). Does exposure to parental substance use disorders increase substance use disorder risk in offspring? A 5-year follow-up study. American Journal of Addiction 22, 460465.

Keywords

The association between parental and adolescent substance misuse: findings from the Irish CASE study

  • Helen S. Keeley (a1) (a2), T. Mongwa (a1) and P. Corcoran (a2) (a3)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed