Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A Reinventory of Invasive Weed Species in Dinosaur National Monument to Determine Management Effectiveness

  • Corey V. Ransom (a1), Stephanie D. Christensen (a1), Kimberly A. Edvarchuk (a1) and Tamara Naumann (a2)

Abstract

Invasive weed management in wildland areas is often challenging due to the need to protect and preserve the integrity of natural ecosystems. Russian knapweed is an aggressive, deep-rooted, creeping perennial forb that was first identified as a problematic species in Dinosaur National Monument in 1977. From 2002 to 2005, extensive nonnative plant inventories were conducted in portions of the monument. Results were used to develop and implement an aggressive weed management program beginning in 2005. Emphasis was placed on reducing Russian knapweed infestations around Josie's Ranch in the Cub Creek Watershed. Several other species were targeted as well. In 2010, a reinventory was conducted in selected areas to evaluate how implemented management strategies affected the overall distribution and abundance of targeted species on the landscape. Comparisons between inventories indicate that management strategies were successful in reducing the total infested area of Russian knapweed by 79%. Treatments used for other targeted species also appear to have been effective in reducing their overall distribution and abundance on the landscape. In addition, the reinventory identified several new species with the potential to become problematic in the area. Although this case study documents the substantial progress that has been made at Dinosaur National Monument toward obtaining specific weed management objectives, it more importantly illustrates the process and benefits of an adaptive approach in sustaining long-term invasive plant species management efforts.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: corey.ransom@usu.edu

References

Hide All
Aslan, C. E., Hufford, M. B., Epanchin-Niell, R. S., Port, J. D., Sexton, J. P., and Waring, T. M. 2009. Practical challenges in private stewardship of rangeland ecosystems: yellow starthistle control in Sierra Nevada foothills. Rangeland Ecol. Manag. 62:2837.
Barnett, D. T., Stohlgren, T. J., Jarnevich, C. S., Chong, G. W., Ericson, J. A., Davern, T. R., and Simonson, S. E. 2007. The art and science of weed mapping. Environ. Monit. Assess. 132:235252.
Beck, K. G. 2008. Russian Knapweed. Natural Resources Series no. #3.111. Colorado State University Extension, Fort Collins, CO. 3 p. http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/natres/03111.html. Accessed: January 12, 2011.
Benz, J. L., Beck, K. G., Whitson, T. D., and Koch, D. W. 1999. Reclaiming Russian knapweed infested rangeland. J. Range Manag. 52:351356.
Bottoms, R. M. and Whitson, T. D. 1998. A systems approach for the management of Russian knapweed (Centaurea repens). Weed Technol. 12:363366.
Brooks, M. L. 2007. Effects of land management practices on plant invasions in wildland areas. Pages 147162 in Nentwig, W., ed. Biological Invasions. Ecological Studies, Vol. 193. Berlin Heidelberg Springer-Verlag.
Christensen, S. D., Ransom, C. V., Edvarchuk, K. A., and Rasmussen, V. P. 2011. Efficiency and accuracy of wildland weed mapping methods. Invasive Plant Sci. Manag. 4:458465.
Dewey, S. A. and Andersen, K. A. 2004. Distinct roles of surveys, inventories, and monitoring in adaptive weed management. Weed Technol. 18:14491452.
Dewey, S. A. and Andersen, K. A. 2006. Landscape-scale wildland inventories/surveys: Utah State University methods. Chapter 3. Pages 2232 in Rew, L. J., and Porkorny, M. L., eds. Inventory and Survey Methods for Nonindigenous Plant Species. Publication EB0171. Bozeman, MT Montana State University Extension.
Dewey, S. A., Jenkins, M. J., and Tonioli, R. C. 1995. Wildfire suppression—a paradigm for noxious weed management. Weed Technol. 9:621627.
Duncan, C., Story, J., and Sheley, R. 2001. Montana Knapweeds: Identification, Biology, and Management. Montana Sheep Institute. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. http://www.sheepinstitute.montana.edu/articles/eb311.html. Accessed: January 12, 2011.
Graham, J. and Johnson, W. S. 2004. Managing Russian knapweed. FS-04-37. Reno, NV University of Nevada Cooperative Extension. 4 p.
Hobbs, R. J. and Humphries, S. E. 1995. An integrated approach to the ecology and management of plant invasions. Conserv. Biol. 9:761–760.
Jacobs, J. and Denny, K. 2006. Ecology and Management of Russian Knapweed [Acroptilon repens (L.) DC.]. Invasive Species Technical Note MT-7. BozemanCity, MT U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resource Conservation Service.9 p.
Kettle, R. M. and Wilson, R. E. 1998. Management of Russian Knapweed in Nevada. SP-98-09. Reno, NV University of Nevada Cooperative Extension. 16 p.
Mack, R. N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W. M., Evans, H., Clout, M., and Bazzaz, F. A. 2000. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol. Appl. 10:689710.
Mangold, J. M., Poulsen, C. L., and Carpinelli, M. F. 2007. Revegetating Russian knapweed (Acroptilon repens) infestations using morphologically diverse species and seedbed preparation. Rangeland Ecol. Manag. 60:378385.
Masters, R. A. and Sheley, R. L. 2001. Principles and practices for managing rangeland invasive plants. J. Range Manag. 54:502517.
Moody, M. and Mack, R. N. 1988. Controlling the spread of plant invasions: the importance of nascent foci. J. Appl. Ecol. 24:10091021.
Morris, C. and Call, C. 2005. Cub Creek Watershed: integrated weed management plan. Appendix C. Pages C-1C-53 in [USDI–NPS] United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 2005. Dinosaur National Monument: Invasive Plant Management Plan & Environmental Assessment. Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado and Utah.
[NAWMA] North American Weed Management Association. 2002. North American Invasive Plant Mapping Standards. http://www.nawma.org/Mapping/MappingMain.pdf. Accessed: October 20, 2010.
Pearson, D. and Ortega, Y. 2009. Managing invasive plants in natural areas: moving beyond weed control. Pages 121 in Kingely, R. V., ed. Weeds: Management, Economic Impacts and Biology. New York, NY Nova Publishers.
Pysek, P. and Hulme, P. E. 2005. Spatio-temporal dynamics of plant invasions: linking pattern to process. Ecoscience. 12:302315.
Randall, J. M. 2000. Improving management of nonnative invasive plants in wilderness and other natural areas. Pages 6473 in Cole, D. N., McCool, S. F., Borrie, W. T., and O'Loughlin, J., eds. Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 5: Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-5. Ogden, UT U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
Rew, L. J. and Pokorny, M. L., eds. 2006. Inventory and survey methods for nonindigenous plant species. 1st ed. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University Extension. 75 p.
Rinella, M. J., Masters, R. A., and Bellows, S. E. 2010. Growth regulator herbicides prevent invasive annual grass seed production under field conditions. Rangeland Ecol. Manag. 63:487490.
Sheley, R., Manoukian, M., and Marks, G. 1996. Preventing noxious weed invasion. Rangelands. 18:100101.
Sheley, R. L. 1994. The identification, distribution, impacts, biology and management of noxious rangeland weeds. All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository). Paper 446. Pp. 332346.
Skelly, J. 2005. Russian Knapweed Control. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Reno, NV. FS-05-51. 6 p. http://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/ho/2005/fs0551.pdf. Accessed: January 12, 2011.
Strayer, D. L., Eviner, V. T., Jeschke, J. M., and Pace, M. L. 2006. Understanding the long-term effects of species invasions. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21:645651.
Theoharides, K. and Dukes, J. S. 2007. Plant invasion across space and time: factors affecting nonindigenous species success during four stages of invasion. New Phytol. 176:256273.
[USDI–NPS] United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. 2005. Dinosaur National Monument: Invasive Plant Management Plan & Environmental Assessment. Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado and Utah. 414 p. http://www.nps.gov/dino/parkmgmt/upload/Full%20Invasive%20Plant%20Management%20Plan%20&%20EA.pdf. Accessed: January 13, 2011.
[USGS] United States Geological Survey. 2010. USGS Surface-Water Monthly Statistics for the Nation: USGS 09261000 Green River near Jensen, UT. http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/inventory/?site_no=09261000&agency_cd=USGS& Accessed: March 2, 2011.
Wilson, R. E., Johnson, W. S., Swanson, S., and Donaldson, S. 1999. Nevada's War on Weeds Steps to Success: Step 3—Map Important Weeds for a Living Inventory. FS-99-77. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension, Reno, NV. 3 p. http://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/nr/other/FS9977.pdf. Accessed: October 20, 2010.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

A Reinventory of Invasive Weed Species in Dinosaur National Monument to Determine Management Effectiveness

  • Corey V. Ransom (a1), Stephanie D. Christensen (a1), Kimberly A. Edvarchuk (a1) and Tamara Naumann (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.