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Jubatagrass (Cortaderia jubata) Control Using Chemical and Mechanical Methods

  • Joseph M. DiTomaso (a1), Jennifer J. Drewitz (a1) and Guy B. Kyser (a1)

Abstract

Jubatagrass is one of the most invasive plants along the California and southern Oregon coast. It establishes dense populations that can severely impact native plant diversity and conifer seedling recruitment following forestry operations. This goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of both manual removal and several herbicide control options and application techniques. In addition, a cost analysis was also conducted for the most successful herbicide control methods. Results demonstrate that mechanical removal through digging is effective, although labor intensive. Among the herbicides tested, glyphosate applied as a high-volume (spray-to-wet) application (0.6% ae) in early summer, low-volume application (2.4% ae) in early summer or fall, and ropewick technique in early summer or fall (> 9.9% ae) all provided ≥ 88% jubatagrass control, but the low-volume treatments were the most cost effective. Although the graminicide sethoxydim at the highest rate (0.36% ai) did not give effective control, fluazifop applied in the fall in a low-volume treatment (0.98% ai) gave 87% control of jubatagrass. Imazapyr gave some level of control but does not appear to provide an economical option for jubatagrass management. Results of this study demonstrate that in addition to the more conventional methods of mechanical removal and spray-to-wet glyphosate (0.6% ae), control of jubatagrass can also be equally or more effective with low-volume and ropewick applications of glyphosate.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: jmditomaso@ucdavis.edu

References

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Jubatagrass (Cortaderia jubata) Control Using Chemical and Mechanical Methods

  • Joseph M. DiTomaso (a1), Jennifer J. Drewitz (a1) and Guy B. Kyser (a1)

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