Abdelal, Rawi, Hererra, Yoshiro M., Johnston, Alsatair Iain, McDermott, Rose. 2009. Measuring Identity: A Guide for Social Scientists. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Abrams, Dominic. 1994. “Social Self-Regulation.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 20(5):473–483.
Akerlof, George A., Kranton, Rachel E.. 2000. “Economics and Identity.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 115:715–753.
Allee, Todd L., Huth, Paul K.. 2006. “Legitimizing Dispute Settlement: International Legal Rulings as Domestic Political Cover.” American Political Science Review 100(2):219–234.
Aronson, Eliot. 2008. The Social Animal Tenth Edition. New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Beardsley, Kyle C. 2008. “Agreement without Peace? International Mediation and Time Inconsistency Problems.” American Journal of Political Science 52(4):723–740.
Beardsley, Kyle C. 2010. “Pain, Pressure and Political Cover: Explaining Mediation Incidence.” Journal of Peace Research 47(4):395–406.
Beardsley, Kyle C., Quinn, David M., Biswas, Bidisha, Wilkenfeld, Jonathan. 2006. “Mediation Style and Crisis Outcomes.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 50(1):58–86.
Bercovitch, Jacob. 1991. “International Mediation.” Journal of Peace Research 28(1):3–6.
Bercovitch, Jacob 1992. “Mediators and Mediation Strategies in International Relations.” Negotiation Journal 8(2):99–112.
Bercovitch, Jacob, DeRouen, Karl. 2005. “Managing Ethnic Civil Wars: Assessing the Determinants of Successful Mediation.” Civil Wars 7(1):98–116.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Elgström, Ole. 2001. “Culture and International Mediation: Exploring Theoretical and Empirical Linkages.” International Negotiation 6:3–23.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Gartner, Scott. 2006. “Is There Method in the Madness of Mediation? Some Lessons for Mediators from Quantitative Studies of Mediation.” International Interactions 32(4):329–354.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Houston, Allison. 1996. “The Study of International Mediation: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence.” In Resolving International Conflicts, edited by Jacob Bercovitch, 11–35. Boulder, CO: Lynne Reinner.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Houston, Allison 2000. “Why Do They Do It Like This? An Analysis of Factors Influencing Mediation Behavior in International Conflicts.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 44(2):170–202.
Bercovitch, Jacob, Kadayifci-Orellana, Ayse S.. 2009. “Religion and Mediation: The Role of Faith-Based Actors in International Conflict Resolution.” International Negotiation 14(4):175–204.
Betts, Wendy. 1999. “Third Party Mediation: An Obstacle to Peace in Nagorno Karabakh.” SAIS Review 19(Summer–Fall):161–183.
Brewer, Marilynn B. 1999. “The Psychology of Prejudice: Ingroup Love or Outgroup Hate?” Journal of Social Issues 55(December):429–444.
Buhaug, Halvard, Cederman, Lars-Erik, Rød, Jan Ketil. 2008. “Disaggregating Ethno-Nationalist Civil Wars: A Dyadic Test of Exclusion Theory.” International Organization 62(3):531–551.
Bunche, Ralph. 1950. “What America Means to Me.” In Ralph J. Bunche: Selected Speeches and Writings, edited by Charles P. Henry, 267–278. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Campbell, David. 1992. Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Caputi, Robert J. 1997. “The Origins of the War in Europe.” In World War II in Europe, Africa, and the Americas, with General Sources: A Handbook of Literature and Research, edited by Loyd Lee, 22–44. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Carnevale, Peter J., Choi, Dong-Won. 2000. “Culture in Mediation of International Disputes.” Internation Journal of Psychology 35(April):105–110.
Corbacho, Alehandro Luis. 2008. “Predicting the Probability of War During Brinkmanship Crises: The Beagle and Malvinas Conflicts.” Working Paper, No. 244, Universidad del CEMA.
Côte, James, Levine, Charles G.. 2002. Identity Formation, Agency, and Culture: A Social Psychological Synthesis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Crescenzi, Mark J.C., Kadera, Kelly M., Mitchell, Sara McLaughlin, Thyne, Clayton L.. 2005. “A Supply Side Theory of Third Party Conflict Management.” Paper presented at the 2005 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, HI.
Dawson, Michael C. 1994. Behind the Mule: Race and in African-American Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Dawson, Michael C. 2001. Black Visions: The Roots of Contemporary African-American Political Ideologies. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
De Cremer, David, Van Vugt, Mark. 1999. “Social Identification Effects in Social Dilemmas: A Transformation of Motives.” European Journal of Social Psychology 29(September):871–893.
Dickson, Eric S. 2009. “Do Participants and Observers Assess Intentions Differently During Bargaining and Conflict? An Experiment.” American Journal of Political Science 53(October):910–930.
Dickson, Eric, Scheve, Kenneth. 2006. “Social Identity, Political Speech, and Electoral Competition.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 18(January):5–39.
Dixon, William J. 1996. “Third-Party Techniques for Preventing Conflict Escalation and Promoting Peaceful Settlement.” International Organization 50(4):653–681.
Dowding, Keith. 1996. Power. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Elbedour, Salman, Bastien, David T., Center, Bruce A.. 1997. “Identity Formation in the Shadow of Conflict: Projective Drawings by Palestinian and Israeli Arab Children from the West Bank and Gaza.” Journal of Peace Research 34(2):217–231.
Estes, W. K. 1994. Classification and Cognition. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Favretto, Katja. 2009. “Should Peacemakers Take Sides? Great Power Mediation, Coercion and Bias.” American Political Science Review 103(2):248–263.
Fearon, James D. 1995. “Rationalist Explanations for War.” International Organization 49:379–414.
Fearon, James D., Laitin, David D.. 2003. “Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War.” American Political Science Review 97(10):75–90.
Garrett, James L. 1985. “The Beagle Conflict: Confrontation and Negotiation in the Southern Cone.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 27(3):81–109.
Gartzke, Erik, Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2006. “Identity and Conflict: Ties that Bind and Differences that Divide.” European Journal of International Relations 12:53–87.
Giles, Howard, Johnson, Patricia. 1987. “Ethnolinguistic Identity Theory: A Social Psychological Approach to Language Maintenance.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 68:256–269.
Goldgeier, James M., Tetlock, Philip E.. 2001. “Psychology and International Relations Theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 4:67–92.
Greig, J. Michael, Regan, Patrick M.. 2008. “When Do They Say Yes? An Analysis of the Willingness to Offer and Accept Mediation in Civil Wars.” International Studies Quarterly 52:759–781.
Grotevant, Harold D. 1992. “Assigned and Chosen Identity Components: A Process Perspective on their Integration.” In Adolescent Identity Formation, edited by Gerald R. Adams, Thomas P. Gullotta, and Raymond Montemayor, 73–90. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Herrmann, Richard K., Voss, James F., Schooler, Tonya Y.E., Ciarrochi, Joseph. 1997. “Images in International Relations: An Experimental Test of Cognitive Schema.” International Studies Quarterly 41:403–433.
Hewstone, Miles, Rubin, Mark, Willis, Hazel. 2002. “Intergroup Bias.” Annual Review of Psychology 53:575–604.
Hinkle, Steve, Brown, Rupert J.. 1990. “Intergroup Comparisons and Social Identity: Some Links and Lacunae.” In Social Identity Theory: Constructive and Critical Advances, edited by Dominic Abrams and Michael A. Hogg, 48–70. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Hogg, Michael A. 1992. The Social Psychology of Group Cohesiveness: From Attraction to Social Identity. New York: New York University Press.
Hopf, Ted. 2002. Social Construction of International Politics: Identities and Foreign Policies. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Horowitz, Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
Huddy, Leonie. 2004. “Contrasting Theoretical Approaches to Intergroup Relations.” Political Psychology 25(6):947–967.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1996. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Junn, Jane. 2008. “Asian American Identity: Shared Racial Status and Political Context.” Perspectives on Politics 4:729–740.
Karim, Ahmad, Pegnetter, Richard. 1983. “Mediator Strategies, Qualities and Mediation Effectiveness.” Industrial Relations 22:105–114.
Kelman, Herbert C. 1997. “Some Determinants of the Oslo Breakthrough.” International Negotiation 2(September):183–194.
Kramer, Roderick M., Brewer, Marilynn B.. 1984. “Effects of Group Identity on Resource Use in a Simulated Commons Dilemma.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46:1044–1057.
Kriesberg, Louis. 2001. “Mediation and the Transformation of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.” Journal of Peace Research 38(May):373–392.
Kurzban, Robert O. 2003. “Minimal Group Experiments.” In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science, edited by Lynn Nadel, 34–37. London: Macmillan.
Kydd, Andrew. 2003. “Which Side Are You On? Bias, Credibility and Mediation.” American Journal of Political Science 47(4):597–611.
Kydd, Andrew 2006. “When Can Mediators Build Trust?” American Political Science Review 100(3):449–462.
Laudy, Mark. 2000. “The Vatican Mediation of the Beagle Chanel Dispute: Crisis Intervention and Forum Building.” In Words Over War: Mediation and Arbitration to Prevent Deadly Conflict, edited by Melanie C. Greenberg, John H. Barton, and Margaret E. McGuinnes, 293–320. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield.
Long, William J., Brecke, Peter. 2003. War and Reconciliation: Reason and Emotion in Conflict Resolution. Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Lukes, Steven.  2005. Power: A Radical View. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mattern, Janice Bially. 2005. Ordering International Politics: Identity, Crisis, and Representational Force. New York, NY: Routledge.
McClain, Paula, Johnson Carew, Jessica D., Walton, Eugene Jr., Watts, Candis S.. 2009. “Group Membership, Group Identity, and Group Consciousness: Measures of Racial Identity in American Politics?” Annual Review of Political Science 12:471–485.
McDermott, Rose. 2004. Political Psychology in International Relations. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
McGuire, William J., McGuire, Claire V., Child, Pamela, Fujioka, Terry. 1978. “Salience of Ethnicity in the Spontaneous Self-Concept as a Function of One's Ethnic Distinctiveness in the Social Environment.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 36(5):511–520.
Michalski, Silke, Helmig, Bernd. 2008. “What Do We Know About the Identity Salience Model of Relationship Marketing Success? A Review of the Literature.” Journal of Relationship Marketing 7(June):45–63.
Mitchell, Sara McLaughlin. 2002. “A Kantian System? Democracy and Third-Party Conflict Resolution.” American Journal of Political Science 46(4):749–759.
Mitzen, Jennifer. 2006. “Ontological Security in World Politics: State Identity and the Security Dilemma.” European Journal of International Relations 12(3):341–370.
Monroe, Kristen Renwick, Hankin, James, Van Vechten, Renée Bukovchik. 2000. “The Psychological Foundations of Identity Politics.” Annual Review of Political Science 3(June):419–447.
Nobles, Melissa. 2000. Shades of Citizenship. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Otten, Sabine, Moskowitz, Gordon B.. 2000. “Evidence for Implicit Evaluative Ingroup Bias: Affect-Biased Spontaneous Trait Inference in a Minimal Group Paradigm.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 36:77–89.
Otten, Sabine, Wentura, Dirk. 2001. “Self-Anchoring and Ingroup Favoritism: An Individual-Profiles analysis.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 37:525–532.
Otten, Sabine, Mummendey, Amélie, Blanz, Mathias. 1996. “Intergroup Discrimination in Positive and Negative Outcome-Allocations: The Impact of Stimulus-Valence, Relative Group Status and Relative Group Size.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 22:568–581.
Nair, Nisha. 2008. “Towards Understanding the Role of Emotions in Conflict: A Review and Future Directions.” International Journal of Conflict Management 19(4):359–381.
Page, Scott. 2006. “Path Dependence.” Quarterly Journal of Political Science 1:87–115.
Parish, Randall R. Jr. 2006. “Democrats, Dictators, and Cooperation: The Transformation of Argentine-Chilean Relations.” Latin American Politics and Society 48(1):143–171.
Park, Bernadette, Rothbart, Myron. 1982. “Perception of Out-Group Homogeneity and Levels of Social Categorization: Memory for the Subordinate Attributes of In-Group and Out-Group Members.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 42:1051–1068.
Pavlenko, Aneta, Blackledge, Adrian, eds. 2004. Negotiation of Identities in Multilingual Contexts. Tonawanda, NY: Multilingual Matters Ltd.
Petersen, Roger D. 2001. Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons from Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Petersen, Roger D. 2002. Understanding Ethnic Violence: Fear, Hatred, and Resentment in Twentieth Century Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Petersen, Roger D. 2011. Western Intervention in the Balkans: The Strategic Use of Emotion in Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Penn, Elizabeth Maggie. 2008. “Citizenship versus Ethnicity: The Role of Institutions in Shaping Identity Choice.” Journal of Politics 70(4):956–973.
Posner, Daniel N. 2005. Institutions and Ethnic Politics in Africa. New York, NY: Cambridge.
Powell, Robert. 2002. “Bargaining Theory and International Conflict.” Annual Review of Political Science 5:1–30.
Pratkanis, Anthony R. 2000. “Altercasting As An Influence Tactic.” In Attitudes, Behaviour and Social Context: The Role of Norms and Group Membership, edited by D.J. Terry and M.A. Hagg, 201–226. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.
Princen, Thomas. 1992. Intermediaries in International Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rauchhaus, Robert. 2006. “Asymmetric Information, Mediation and Conflict Management.” World Politics 58(2):207–241.
Regan, Patrick M., Aydin, Aysegul. 2006. “Diplomacy and Other Forms of Intervention in Civil Wars.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 50(5):736–756.
Reynal-Querol, Marta. 2002. “Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 46(1):29–54.
Rieker, Pernille. 2006. Europeanization of National Security Identity: The EU and the Changing Security Identities of Nordic States. New York, NY: Routledge.
Risse, Thomas. 2010. A Community of Europeans: Transnational Identities and Public Spheres. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
RobbinsJordan, M. Jordan, M., Krueger, Joachim I.. 2005. “Social Projection to Ingroups and Outgroups: A Review and Meta-Analysis.” Personality and Social Psychology Review 9:32–47.
Rousseau, David L. 2006. Identifying Threats and Threatening Identities: The Social Construction of Realism and Liberalism. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Sambanis, Nicholas. 2001. “Do Ethnic and Non-ethnic Civil Wars Have the Same Causes? A Theoretical and Empirical Inquiry (Part I).” Journal of Conflict Resolution 45(3):259–282.
Sanchez, Gabriel R. 2006. “The Role of Group Consciousness in Political Participation Among Latinos in the United States.” American Politics Research 34:427–450.
Sanchez, Gabriel R. 2008. “Latino Group Consciousness and Perceptions of Commonality with African Americans.” Social Science Quarterly 89:428–444.
Sassenberg, Kai, Kessler, Thomas, Mummendey, Amélie. 2003. “Less NEGATIVE=More Positive? Social Discrimination as Avoidance or Approach.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 39:48–55.
Savun, Burcu. 2008. “Information, Bias, and Mediation Success.” International Studies Quarterly 52:25–47.
Shayo, Moses. 2010. “A Model of Social Identity with an Application to Political Economy: Nation, Class, and Redistribution.” American Political Science Review 103(April):147–174.
Smedley, Audrey. 2001. “Social Origins of the Idea of Race.” In Race in the 21st Century, edited by Curtis Stokes, Theresa Meléndez, and Genice Rhodes-Reed, 1–24. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.
Smith, Eliot. 1999. “Affective and Cognitive Implications of A Group Becoming Part of the Self: New Models of Prejudice and of the Self-Concept.” In Social Identity and Social Cognition, edited by Dominic Abrams, and Michael A. Hogg, 183–196. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers Inc.
Stanton, Fredrik. 2010. Great Negotiations: Agreements that Changed the Modern World, 1st ed., Berkeley, CA: Westholme Publishing.
Stein, Nancy. 1997. “The Gang Truce: A Movement for Social Justice.” Social Justice 24(4):258–266.
Stets, Jan E., Burke, Peter. 2000. “Identity Theory and Social Identity Theory.” Social Psychology Quarterly 63(3):224–237.
Stimson, James A. 2004. “Public Policy Mood: A Personal Narrative.” The Political Methodologist 12:9–14.
Stokes-Brown, Atiya Kai. 2003. “Latino Group Consciousness and Political Participation.” American Politics Research 31:361–378.
Stokes-Brown, Atiya Kai 2006. “Racial Identity and Latino Vote Choice.” American Politics Research 34:627–652.
Stryker, Sheldon. 2008. “From Mead to a Structural Symbolic Interactionism and Beyond.” Annual Review of Sociology 34:15–31.
Tajfel, Henri, ed. 1982a. Social Identity and Intergroup Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tajfel, Henri. 1982b. “Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations.” Annual Review of Psychology 33:1–39.
Tajfel, Henri, Turner, John C.. 1979. “An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict.” In The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations, edited by W. G. Austin, and S. Worchel, 33–47. Monterey, CA: Brooks-Cole.
Tharoor, Shashi. 2006. “Psychology at the U.N.: Accomplishments and Future Directions.” Remarks at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress of Applied Psychology, Athens, Greece.
Touval, Saadia, Zartman, William. 1985. “Introduction: Mediation in Theory.” In International Mediation in Theory and Practice, edited by Saadia Touval, and I. William Zartman, 7–17. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Turner, John C. 1985. “Social Categorization and the Self-Concept: A Social Cognitive Theory of Group Behavior.” Advances in Group Processes 2:77–122.
Turner, John C., Hogg, Michael A., Oakes, Penelope J., Reicher, Stephen D., Wetherell, Margaret S.. 1987. Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-Categorization Theory. Oxford: Blackwell.
United Nations. 1977. “Dispute between Argentina and Chile concerning the Beagle Channel.” Reports of International Arbitral Awards XXI:53–264.
Urquhart, Brian. 1993. Ralph Bunche: An American Life. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co. Inc.
van Bavel, Jay J., Packer, Dominic J., Cunningham, William A.. 2008. “The Neural Substrates of In-Group Bias: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Investigation.” Psychological Science 11:1131–1139.
Wall, James A. Jr., Lynn, Ann. 1993. “Mediation: A Current Review.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 37(1):160–194.
Wehr, Paul. 1979. Conflict Regulation. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Weigert, Andrew J., Teitge, Joyce Smith, Teitge, Dennis Wayne. 1986. Society and Identity: Toward A Sociological Psychology. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Wilder, David A. 1981. “Perceiving Persons As A Group: Categorization and Intergroup Relations.” In Cognitive Processes in Stereotyping and Intergroup Behavior, edited by David L. Hamilton, 213–258. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawren.
Wilkenfeld, Jonathan, Young, Kathleen, Quinn, David, Asal, Victor. 2005. Mediating International Crises. London: Routledge Kegan Paul.
Zartman, I. William. 2001. “Negotiating Identity: From Metaphor to Process.” International Negotiation 6:137–140.