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Successful aging in Spanish older adults: the role of psychosocial resources

  • Cristina G. Dumitrache (a1), Laura Rubio (a1) and Eulogio Cordón-Pozo (a2)



Psychological and social resources such as extraversion, optimism, social support, or social networks contribute to adaptation and to successful aging. Building on assumptions derived from successful aging and from the developmental adaptation models, this study aims to analyze the joint impact of different psychosocial resources, such as personality, social relations, health, and socio-demographic characteristics on life satisfaction in a group of people aged 65 years-old and older from Spain.


A cross-sectional survey using non-proportional quota sampling was carried out. The sample comprised 406 community-dwelling older adults (M = 74.88, SD = 6.75). In order to collect the data, face-to-face interviews were individually conducted. A structural equation model (SEM) was carried out using the PLS software.


The results of the SEM model showed that, within this sample, psychosocial variables explain 47.4% of the variance in life satisfaction. Social relations and personality, specifically optimism, were strongly related with life satisfaction, while health status and socio-demographic characteristics were modestly associated with life satisfaction.


Findings support the view that psychosocial resources are important for successful aging and therefore should be included in successful aging models. Furthermore, interventions aimed at fostering successful aging should take into account the role of psychosocial variables.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Cristina G. Dumitrache, Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja S/N, 18071, Granada, Spain. Phone: 0034 958 24 19 58. Email:


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Successful aging in Spanish older adults: the role of psychosocial resources

  • Cristina G. Dumitrache (a1), Laura Rubio (a1) and Eulogio Cordón-Pozo (a2)


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