Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Reminiscence and dementia: a therapeutic intervention

  • Jesus Gonzalez (a1), Teresa Mayordomo (a2), Marta Torres (a1), Alicia Sales (a2) and Juan C. Meléndez (a2)...

Abstract

Background:

Dementia is a significant public health problem. One non-pharmacological therapy that has shown its effectiveness is reminiscence, which is a psychological intervention designed to address issues of particular relevance to older adults. The aim of this study was to examine the benefits of an integrative reminiscence program in elderly people with dementia.

Methods:

A quasi-experimental design and purposeful sampling were conducted at two retirement homes. Forty-two elderly adults with dementia were studied to measure the effect of the therapy (23 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group). The treatment group activity was held in 10 sessions.

Results:

The treatment group significantly improved their depressive symptoms and self-acceptance, positive relations with others, autonomy, and environmental mastery.

Conclusions:

This study provides support for the effectiveness of integrative reminiscence therapy (RT) as an intervention in people with dementia, especially in reducing depressive symptoms and improving psychological well-being, with the therapy being effective on personal and emotional variables.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: Teresa Mayordomo Rodríguez, Av. Blasco Ibañez, 21, Valencia 46010, Spain. Phone: +34 963983844; Fax: +34 963864671. Email: teresamayordomor@gmail.com.

References

Hide All
Algar, K., Woods, R. T. and Windle, G. (in press). Measuring the quality of life and well-being of people with dementia: a review of observational measures. Dementia. doi: 10.1177/1471301214540163.
American Psychiatric Association (2000). DSM-IV-TR: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision. Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
Baumeister, R. F. (1991). Meanings in life. New York, NY: Guilford.
Berr, C., Wancata, J. and Ritchie, K. (2005). Prevalence of dementia in the elderly in Europe. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 15, 463471. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2005.04.003.
Brooker, D. and Duce, L. (2000). Wellbeing and activity in dementia: a comparison of group reminiscence therapy, structured goal-directed group activity and unstructured time. Aging & Mental Health, 4, 354358. doi: 10.1080/713649967.
Castaneda, A. E., Tuulio-Henriksson, A., Marttunen, M., Suvisaari, J. and Lönnqvist, J. (2008). A review on cognitive impairments in depressive and anxiety disorders with a focus on young adults. Journal of Affective Disorders, 106, 127. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2007.06.006.
Cohen-Mansfield, J. (2001). Nonpharmacologic interventions for inappropriate behaviors in dementia: a review, summary, and critique. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 9, 361381. doi: 10.1097/00019442-200111000-00005.
Lai, C. K., Chi, I. and Kayser-Jones, J. (2004). A randomized controlled trial of a specific reminiscence approach to promote the well-being of nursing home residents with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 16, 3349. doi: 10.1017/S1041610204000055.
Lin, Y. C., Dai, Y. T. and Hwang, S. L. (2003). The effect of reminiscence on the elderly population: a systematic review. Public Health Nursing, 20, 297306. doi: 10.1046/j.1525-1446.2003.20407.
Lobo, A., Saz, P. and Marcos, G. (2002). Adaptación del Examen Cognoscitivo Mini-Metal (Adaptation of Mini-Mental State Examination). Madrid: Tea Ediciones.
Martínez, T. (2012). Entrenar la Memoria e Intervenir en Reminiscencias (Memory training and intervene in reminiscences). Barcelona: Panamericana Editorial.
Meléndez, J. C., Charco, L., Mayordomo, T. and Sales, A. (2013). Effects of a reminiscence program among institutionalized elderly adults. Psicothema, 25, 319323.
Meléndez, J. C., Tomás, J. M. and Navarro, E. (2011). Everyday life activities and well-being: their relationships with age and gender in the elderly. Anales de Psicología, 27, 164169.
O’Rourke, N., Cappeliez, P. and Claxton, A. (2011). Functions of reminiscence and the psychological well-being of young-old and older adults over time. Aging & Mental Health, 15, 272281. doi: 10.1080/13607861003713281.
O’Shea, E.et al. (2014). The impact of reminiscence on the quality of life of residents with dementia in long-stay care. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 29, 10621070. doi: 10.1002/gps.4099.
Ownby, R. L., Crocco, E., Acevedo, A., John, V. and Loewenstein, D. (2006). Depression and risk for Alzheimer disease: systematic review, meta-analysis, and metaregression analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 530538. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.63.5.530.
Pinquart, M., Duberstein, P. R. and Lyness, J. M. (2007). Effects of psychotherapy and other behavioral interventions on clinically depressed older adults: a meta-analysis. Aging & Mental Health, 11, 645657. doi: 10.1080/13607860701529635.
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385401. doi: 10.1177/014662167700100306.
Reisberg, B., Ferris, S. H., de Leon, M. J. and Crook, T. (1982). The global deterioration scale for assessment of primary degenerative dementia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 11361139.
Ritchie, K. and Lovestone, S. (2002). The dementias. Lancet, 360, 17591766. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11667-9.
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 10691081. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069.
Sadowsky, C. H. and Galvin, J. E. (2012). Guidelines for the management of cognitive and behavioral problems in dementia. The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 25, 350366. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2012.03.100183.
Serrani Azcurra, D. J. L. (2012). A reminiscence program intervention to improve the quality of life of long-term care residents with Alzheimer's disease: a randomized controlled trial. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 34, 422433. doi: 10.1016/j.rbp.2012.05.008.
Spira, A. P. and Edelstein, B. A. (2006). Behavioral interventions for agitation in older adults with dementia: an evaluative review. International Psychogeriatrics, 18, 195225. doi: 10.1017/S1041610205002747.
Starkstein, S. E., Jorge, R., Mizrahi, R. and Robinson, R. G. (2005). The construct of minor and major depression in Alzheimer's disease. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 20862093. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.162.11.2086.
Tadaka, E. and Kanagawa, K. (2007). Effects of reminiscence group in elderly people with Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia in a community setting. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 7, 167173. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0594.2007.00381.x.
Tomás, J. M., Meléndez, J. C. and Navarro, E. (2008). Confirmatory factor models Ryff scales in a sample of elderly. Psicothema, 20, 304310.
Wang, J. J. (2007). Group reminiscence therapy for cognitive and affective function of demented elderly in Taiwan. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22, 12351240. doi: 10.1002/gps.1821.
Webster, J. D. (2003). The reminiscence circumplex and autobiographical memory functions. Memory, 11, 203215. doi: 10.1080/741938202.
Woods, B., Spector, A., Jones, C., Orrell, M. and Davies, S. (2005). Reminiscence therapy for dementia. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2. doi: 10.1002/14651858.
Woods, R. T.et al. (2012). REMCARE: reminiscence groups for people with dementia and their family caregivers–effectiveness and cost-effectiveness pragmatic multicentre randomised trial. Health Technology Assessment, 16, 1116. doi: 10.3310/hta16480.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed